World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

Austrian Football Bundesliga

Austrian Football Bundesliga
Country Austria
Confederation UEFA
Founded 1974
Number of teams 10
Level on pyramid 1
Relegation to Austrian Football First League
Domestic cup(s) Austrian Cup
Austrian Supercup
International cup(s) Champions League
Europa League
Current champions FC Red Bull Salzburg
(2014–15)
Most championships SK Rapid Wien (32 titles)
TV partners ORF, Sky Sport Austria
Website www.bundesliga.at
2015–16 season

The Austrian Football Bundesliga (German: Österreichische Fußball-Bundesliga ) is the highest-ranking national league club competition in Austrian football. It is the competition which decides the Austrian national football champions, as well the country's entrants for the various European cups run by UEFA. Since Austria climbed from nineteenth to fifteenth place in the UEFA association coefficient rankings at the end of the 2011–12 season,[1] the league gained its second spot for the UEFA Champions League.

The Austrian Bundesliga, which began in the 1974–75 season, has been a separate registered association since 1 December 1991. It has been most won by the two Viennese giants FK Austria Wien, who were national champions 23 times, and SK Rapid Wien, who won the national title 32 times. The current champions are FC Red Bull Salzburg.

The Austrian Football Bundesliga is currently known as tipico Bundesliga for sponsorship reasons.

Contents

  • History 1
    • 1900–1938 1.1
    • 1938–1945 1.2
    • 1945–1974 1.3
    • 1974 to current 1.4
    • Tasks and legal form 1.5
    • Scopes of responsibility of the senates 1.6
    • Objectives 1.7
  • Tipp 3 Bundesliga 2
    • Member clubs for the 2015–16 season 2.1
  • Champions 3
  • Top scorers 4
    • All-time top scorers 4.1
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • External links 7

History

1900–1938

Football has been played in Austria since around 1890. Around the turn of the twentieth century two attempts were made to start a national championship. From 1900 onwards, a cup competition was played in Vienna, the Neues Wiener Tagblatt Pokal. This cup was actually played in league format.[2]

The efforts to create a football league succeeded in Lower Austrian Football Federation), and the participants played for the title of Niederösterreichische Landesmeister (Lower Austrian National Champion). From 1924, the league was considered professional and changed its name to I. Liga (First League).[3]

In 1929, an all-Austrian amateur championship was first played, won by Grazer AK. Clubs from the professional league in Vienna were not part of this competition.[4] Teams from the other states of Austria were first allowed to join the highest division with the introduction of the Nationalliga (National League) in the season of 1937–38.[5]

1938–1945

Austria's annexation by Germany in 1938 brought the Austrian Nationalliga to an early end. Numerous teams were disbanded and some players fled out of the country. The Austrian Nationalliga was integrated into the system of the NSRL, the Sports office of the Third Reich as the Gau XVII section under Gaufachwart Hans Janisch. Despised by Nazis as unworthy of a true German, professionalism in sports was outlawed in May 1938. "Innovations" like the Hitler salute were introduced as compulsory before and after every game. Teams, like Hakoah Wien were banned and others, like FK Austria Wien were first closed and then renamed. Finally, the operation of the junior teams was handed over to the local Hitlerjugend units.[6]

The new highest league in what had been Austria, the Gauliga Ostmark, was an amateur league and covered the whole of the former country except Tyrol and Vorarlberg, which were added to the Bavarian league system.[7] The league champions now qualified for the German football championship, which Rapid Vienna won in 1941. From 1941, the league was renamed Gauliga Donau-Alpenland to further eradicate the memory of Austria as an independent country.

Following Nazi Germany's defeat in World War II and the disbandment of the NSRL, Austria's teams were excluded again from the German league.

1945–1974

The league returned to a Vienna-only format in 1945, briefly named 1. Klasse once more before changing to just Liga in 1946.

Only upon the introduction of the all-Austrian Staatsliga A in 1949 did teams from the whole federal territory finally play for the Austrian Championship. However, the road to organising the Staatsliga proved difficult. A conflict between the representatives of the amateur and the professional aspects of the sport led to the separation of the

  • Bundesliga site (German)
  • OEFB (English)
  • League321.com - Austrian football league tables, records & statistics database. (English)
  • Austria - List of Champions, RSSSF.com

External links

  1. ^ "UEFA Country Ranking 2012". Bert Kassies. Retrieved 30 June 2012. 
  2. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 2, accessed: 16 April 2009
  3. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 21, accessed: 16 April 2009
  4. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 25, accessed: 16 April 2009
  5. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 33, accessed: 16 April 2009
  6. ^ Kastler 1972, S. 56f
  7. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 34, accessed: 16 April 2009
  8. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 45, accessed: 16 April 2009
  9. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 55, accessed: 16 April 2009
  10. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 62, accessed: 16 April 2009
  11. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 70, accessed: 16 April 2009
  12. ^ Liga-Fussball in Österreich 1900–1995 (German) publisher: DSFS, published: 1996, page: 73, accessed: 16 April 2009
  13. ^ Austrian Football Bundesliga tables & results (German) Weltfussball.de, accessed: 9 October 2015
  14. ^ All time record goalscorer in Austria Bundesliga

References

See also

(Bold denotes players still playing in La Liga.)

Rank Nationality Name Club Years Goals Apps Ratio
1 Hans Krankl Rapid Wien, Wiener Sport-Club & First Vienna 1970–1989 271 361 0.75
2 Christian Mayrleb FC Wacker Innsbruck, Austria Wien, FC Admira Wacker, LASK Linz, Austria Salzburg & SV Pasching 1992-2006 278 494 0.38
3 Peter Pacult Rapid Wien, FC Wacker Innsbruck, Austria Wien, Wiener Sport-Club & FC Blau-Weiß Linz 1980–1996 186 396 0.47
4 Ivica Vastić Sturm Graz, Austria Wien, FC Admira Wacker, LASK Linz, VSE St. Pölten & First Vienna 1991–2009 185 441 0.42
5 Alfred Drabitz Austria Wien, Wiener Sport-Club & First Vienna 1978–1991 155 365 0.47
6 Mario Haas Sturm Graz 1953–1966 145 451 0.32
7 Christoph Westerthaler FC Wacker Innsbruck, LASK Linz & SK Vorwärts Steyr 1983–1997 131 378 0.35
8 Christian Keglevits Rapid Wien, LASK Linz, Austria Salzburg & Wiener Sport-Club 1979–1993 129 405 0.32
9 Walter Knaller FC Admira Wacker] & FC Blau-Weiß Linz 1980–1992 127 333 0.38
10 Toni Polster Austria Wien & FC Salzburg 1982–2000 121 158 0.77
As of matches played 24 October 2015.[14]

All-time top scorers

Season Player Goals Club
1974–75 Helmut Köglberger
22
LASK Linz
1975–76 Johann Pirkner
21
FK Austria Wien
1976–77 Hans Krankl
32
SK Rapid Wien
1977–78 Hans Krankl
41
SK Rapid Wien
1978–79 Walter Schachner
24
FK Austria Wien
1979–80 Walter Schachner
34
FK Austria Wien
1980–81 Gernot Jurtin
20
SK Sturm Graz
1981–82 Božo Bakota
24
SK Sturm Graz
1982–83 Hans Krankl
23
SK Rapid Wien
1983–84 Tibor Nyilasi
26
FK Austria Wien
1984–85 Toni Polster
24
FK Austria Wien
1985–86 Toni Polster
33
FK Austria Wien
1986–87 Toni Polster
39
FK Austria Wien
1987–88 Zoran Stojadinović
27
SK Rapid Wien
1988–89 Peter Pacult
26
FC Swarovski Tirol
1989–90 Gerhard Rodax
35
Admira Wacker
1990–91 Václav Daněk
29
FC Swarovski Tirol
1991–92 Christoph Westerthaler
17
FC Swarovski Tirol
1992–93 Václav Daněk
24
FC Tirol Innsbruck
1993–94 Nikola Jurčević
Heimo Pfeifenberger
14
SV Salzburg
SV Salzburg
1994–95 Souleyman Sané
20
FC Tirol Innsbruck
1995–96 Ivica Vastić
22
SK Sturm Graz
Season Player Goals Club
1996–97 René Wagner
21
SK Rapid Wien
1997–98 Geir Frigård
23
LASK Linz
1998–99 Eduard Glieder
22
SV Salzburg
1999-00 Ivica Vastić
32
SK Sturm Graz
2000–01 Radosław Gilewicz
22
FC Tirol Innsbruck
2001–02 Ronald Brunmayr
27
Grazer AK
2002–03 Axel Lawarée
21
SC Schwarz-Weiß Bregenz
2003–04 Roland Kollmann
27
Grazer AK
2004–05 Christian Mayrleb
21
SV Pasching
2005–06 Sanel Kuljić
Roland Linz
15
SV Ried
FK Austria Wien
2006–07 Alexander Zickler
22
FC Red Bull Salzburg
2007–08 Alexander Zickler
16
FC Red Bull Salzburg
2008–09 Marc Janko
39
FC Red Bull Salzburg
2009–10 Steffen Hofmann
20
SK Rapid Wien
2010–11 Roland Linz
Roman Kienast
21
FK Austria Wien
SK Sturm Graz
2011–12 Jakob Jantscher
Stefan Maierhofer
14
FC Red Bull Salzburg
2012–13 Philipp Hosiner
32
FK Austria Wien
2013–14 Jonathan Soriano
31
FC Red Bull Salzburg
2014–15 Jonathan Soriano
31
FC Red Bull Salzburg

Top scorers

  • All teams are continuation of the other.
  • Prior to the 2005 takeover the team played as SV Austria Salzburg.
Club Winners Championship seasons
Rapid Wien
32
1911–12, 1912–13, 1915–16, 1916–17, 1918–19, 1919–20, 1920–21, 1922–23, 1928–29, 1929–30, 1934–35, 1937–38, 1939–40, 1940–41, 1945–46, 1947–48, 1950–51, 1951–52, 1953–54, 1955–56, 1956–57, 1959–60, 1963–64, 1966–67, 1967–68, 1981–82, 1982–83, 1986–87, 1987–88, 1995–96, 2004–05, 2007–08
Austria Wien
24
1923–24, 1925–26, 1948–49, 1949–50, 1952–53, 1960–61, 1961–62, 1962–63, 1968–69, 1969–70, 1975–76, 1977–78, 1978–79, 1979–80, 1980–81, 1983–84, 1984–85, 1985–86, 1990–91, 1991–92, 1992–93, 2002–03, 2005–06, 2012–13
FC Wacker Innsbruck / FC Swarovski Tirol / FC Tirol Innsbruck *
10
1970–71, 1971–72, 1972–73, 1974–75, 1976–77, 1988–89, 1989–90, 1999–2000, 2000–01, 2001–02
FC Red Bull Salzburg
9
1993–94, 1994–95, 1996–97, 2006–07, 2008–09, 2009–10, 2011–12, 2013–14, 2014–15
SK Admira Wien / FC Admira Wacker Mödling *
8
1926–27, 1927–28, 1931–32, 1933–34, 1935–36, 1936–37, 1938–39, 1965–66
First Vienna
6
1930–31, 1932–33, 1941–42, 1942–43, 1943–44, 1954–55
Wiener Sport-Club
3
1921–22, 1957–58, 1958–59
Sturm Graz
3
1997–98, 1998–99, 2010–11
Wiener AF
1
1913–14
Wiener AC
1
1914–15
Floridsdorfer AC
1
1917–18
SC Hakoah Wien
1
1924–25
SC Wacker Wien
1
1946–47
Linzer ASK
1
1964–65
SK VÖEST Linz
1
1973–74
Grazer AK
1
2003–04
Steffen Hofmann celebrating the Rapid Wien championship; 2008
FC Salzburg; 2007
Trophy of the Austrian Football Bundesliga

Champions

Team Location Stadium Capacity
FC Admira Wacker Mödling Maria Enzersdorf BSFZ-Arena 12,000
SCR Altach Altach Cashpoint Arena 8,500
FK Austria Wien Vienna Generali Arena 13,400
SV Grödig Grödig DAS.GOLDBERG Stadion 4,128
SK Rapid Wien Vienna Ernst-Happel-Stadion 50,865
SV Ried Ried im Innkreis Keine Sorgen Arena 7,334
FC Red Bull Salzburg Wals-Siezenheim Red Bull Arena 30,188
SK Sturm Graz Graz UPC-Arena 15,323
SV Mattersburg Mattersburg Pappelstadion 17,100
Wolfsberger AC Wolfsberg Lavanttal-Arena 7,300

The ten teams competing in the 2015–16 Bundesliga season are:

The Bundesliga champion qualifies for the UEFA Champions League, and the clubs at positions 2 and 3, as well as the Austrian Cup winner, enter the qualification rounds for the UEFA Europa League. In the event that the Bundesliga champion is also the Austrian Cup winner, the fourth placed team enters the UEFA Europa League.

Member clubs for the 2015–16 season

In the Tipp 3 Bundesliga, 10 teams play a "double championship" with each team playing every other twice at home and twice away during a championship year which is divided into an autumn and a spring season. The season typically lasts from July to June of the following year. At the end of the season, the team finishing in last place in the table is relegated to the ADEG Erste Liga, the champion of which is promoted to the Tipp 3 Bundesliga.

Tipp 3 Bundesliga

The Austrian Bundesliga carries the obligation for a positive development of football as a sport at the élite level, as well as for the advancement of the next generation of players in co-operation with the teams at the junior levels of the sport. To accomplish this, the Bundesliga requires economic audits of the teams, the introduction of laws particular to professional football, TV marketing, centralised sponsorship and collective marketing for all teams.

Objectives

The evaluation of a club's economic competency which is required in order to obtain a playing license for the two professional leagues takes place at the fifth senate, the Bundesliga license committee.

The 'senates' are organising committees which consist of honorary and committee-members independent of the clubs. The first senate is responsible for suspensions and for the running of championship games. The second senate functions as an arbitration board for financial disagreements, the third senate is responsible for all financial concerns and the fourth senate is the panel of referees for the Bundesliga.

Scopes of responsibility of the senates

The Bundesliga is legally a non-profit organisation. The twenty-two teams of the T-Mobile Bundesliga and the Red Zac first division constitute the members of the Bundesliga. The Bundesliga is represented by an acting executive committee, which supports a supervisory board. Each association of the two professional leagues is represented in presidential conferences; these have advisory function in all affairs concerning the Bundesliga.

Since 1991 the Bundesliga has carried its own responsibility as a separate association, and organises the championships of the two highest divisions in Austria. Both are named after their sponsors; at present the Bundesliga is named after

Tasks and legal form

26 years after dissolution of the independent Staatsliga on 17 November 1991, the Austrian Football Bundesliga was reconstituted as a federation and admitted on 1 December 1991 to the Austrian Football Association as its 10th member.

From 1974 to 1982 the league operated with ten clubs with each club playing the other four times during the season. From 1982 to 1985 it played with sixteen clubs with each club playing the others twice. The league's modus was changed in 1985 to a twelve team league which played a home -and away round in autumn. The top eight clubs then advanced to the championship round (Officially: Oberes Play-off) who again played each other twice. The bottom four of the autumn round played the top four of the First League to determined the four teams to play in the Bundesliga in the following season. This modus was used for the next eight seasons until 1993 when the league returned to the ten team format it originally operated in.[13]

In the 1974–75 season the Bundesliga was introduced which, still led by the Austrian Football Association, aligned both of the highest divisions in Austria. In 1976, the Nationalliga was renamed to Bundesliga – Second Division while the Bundesliga was now called Bundesliga – First Division.[12]

1974 to current

On 21 April 1974, against the vote of the Vorarlberg association, the introduction of the Bundesliga was decided. The Nationalliga remained as the second division, for now.[11]

In 1965, however, the Austrian Football Association again took over the organization of the top division, with the (second) introduction of the Nationalliga.[10]

[9] from its name, the need for differentiating having been gone.A dropped the Staatsliga A, the second division of national league football, was formed in 1950. This league, however, was disbanded again in 1959, whereby the Staatsliga B A [8]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.