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Atlantic Canada

Atlantic Canada
Provinces de l'Atlantique (Fr)
The Atlantic Provinces
Country  Canada
Area 502,927 km2 (194,181 sq mi) [1]
Population 2,327,638 (2011) [1]
Density 5 / km2 (13 / sq mi)
Map of Atlantic Canada

Atlantic Canada is the region of Canada comprising the four provinces located on the Atlantic coast, excluding Quebec: the three Maritime provincesNew Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia – and the easternmost province of Newfoundland and Labrador. The population of the four Atlantic provinces in 2011 was about 2,327,650.[2]


  • History 1
  • Communities 2
  • See also 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5
  • External links 6


The first Premier of Newfoundland, Joey Smallwood, coined the term "Atlantic Canada" when Newfoundland joined the Dominion of Canada in 1949. He believed that it would have been presumptuous for Newfoundland to assume that it could include itself within the existing term "Maritime Provinces", used to describe the cultural similarities shared by New Brunswick, Prince Edward Island, and Nova Scotia. The three Maritime provinces entered into confederation during the 19th century: New Brunswick and Nova Scotia were founding members of the Dominion of Canada in 1867, and Prince Edward Island joined in 1873. Today Atlantic Canada is a culturally distinct region of Canada, with the original founding cultures of Celtic, English and French remaining strong and vibrant to this day.

Although Quebec has physical Atlantic coasts on the Gulf of St. Lawrence, Ungava Bay, and the Hudson Strait, it is generally not considered an Atlantic Province.


2011 census figures for "Metropolitan Areas" (broadest definition, includes entire municipalities and all commuter municipalities) and "Population Centres" (limited to actual continuously-built-up area) in Atlantic Canada. The list includes communities above 15,000, by Metropolitan Area population, or 10,000 by Population Centre population.[2]

Community Province Population (Metropolitan) Population (Pop. Centre)
Halifax Nova Scotia 390,328[3] 297,943
St. John's Newfoundland and Labrador 196,966[4] 165,346
Moncton New Brunswick 138,644[5] 107,086
Saint John New Brunswick 127,761[6] 95,902
Cape Breton Nova Scotia 101,619[7] Sydney - 31,597
Glace Bay - 19,076
Sydney Mines - 14,135
Fredericton New Brunswick 94,268[8] 61,522
Charlottetown Prince Edward Island 64,487[9] 42,602
Truro Nova Scotia 45,888[10] 23,261
New Glasgow Nova Scotia 35,809[11] 20,609
Bathurst New Brunswick 33,484[12] 17,887
Miramichi New Brunswick 28,115[13] 13,307
Corner Brook Newfoundland and Labrador 27,202[14] 19,759
Kentville Nova Scotia 26,359[15] 14,234
Edmundston New Brunswick 21,903[16] 13,660
Summerside Prince Edward Island 16,488[17] 14,751
Grand Falls-Windsor Newfoundland and Labrador 13,785[18] 12,714
Gander Newfoundland and Labrador 11,054[19] 10,234
Bay Roberts Newfoundland and Labrador 10,871[18] 10,638

See also


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  18. ^ a b
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Further reading

External links

  • Atlas of Canada - Atlantic Region
  • Atlantic Canadian cities and Surrounding areas
  • Atlantic Canada Portal/Portail du Canada Atlantique
  • Atlantic Canada a Profitable Place to do Business
  • Historical Coins of Atlantic Canada
  • East Coast Proud

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