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Athīr al-Dīn al-Abharī

Al-Abhārī
Born Abhar, Iran
Died 1262–1265
Shabestar, Iran
Era Islamic Golden Age
Region Khurāsān, Baghdad, Arbil, Sivas
Main interests
Astronomy, Mathematics, Philosophy

Athīr al‐Dīn al‐Mufaḍḍal ibn ʿUmar ibn al‐Mufaḍḍal al‐Samarqandī al‐Abharī, also known as Athīr al‐Dīn al‐Munajjim (born probably in Abhar, Iran – died 1265 or 1262[2] Shabestar, Iran)[1] was a philosopher, astronomer, astrologer and mathematician. Other than his influential writings, he had many famous disciples.

Contents

  • Life 1
  • Works 2
  • Notes 3
  • References 4
  • Further reading 5

Life

His epithet al-Abharī suggests that he or his ancestors originally stem from the Abhar tribe.[1] He is said to have been a student or teacher in various schools at Khurāsān, Baghdad, and Arbil, living for some time in Sivas.[1] Ibn Khallikān reports that he was student of Kamāl al‐Dīn ibn Yūnus, but other sources state that he worked as an assistant to Fakhr al‐Dīn al‐Rāzī. He may have died of paralysis in Azerbaijan.[1]

Works

Astronomy
  • Risāla fī al‐hayʾa (Treatise on astronomy).
  • Mukhtaṣar fī al‐hayʾa (Epitome on astronomy).
  • Kashf al‐ḥaqāʾiq fī taḥrīr al‐daqāʾiq, where he accepts the view that the celestial bodies do not change and maintains that stars have volition and it is the source of their motion.[1]
Mathematics
Philosophy

Notes

  1. ^ a b c d e f g Sarıoğlu 2007.
  2. ^ according to Barhebraeus

References

  • Sarıoğlu, Hüseyin (2007). "Abharī: Athīr al‐Dīn al‐Mufaḍḍal ibn ʿUmar ibn al‐Mufaḍḍal al‐Samarqandī al‐Abharī". In Thomas Hockey; et al. The Biographical Encyclopedia of Astronomers. New York: Springer. pp. 7–8. (PDF version)  
  • Brockelmann, C. "al- Abharī , At̲h̲īr al-Dīn Mufaḍḍal b. ʿUmar." Encyclopaedia of Islam. Edited by: P. Bearman, Th. Bianquis, C.E. Bosworth, E. van Donzel and W.P. Heinrichs. Brill, 2008. Brill Online.

Further reading

  • Calverley, Edwin E. (1933). "Al-Abharī's "Isāghūjī fi l-Manṭiq"". Macdonald. 
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