World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article


Article Id: WHEBN0022627884
Reproduction Date:

Title: Aravana  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Arts of Kerala, Duffmuttu, Charadupinnikkali, Gandharvanpattu, Marathukali
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia


Aravana muttu or arabana muttu is an art form prevalent among Muslims in Kerala state of south India, named after the aravana, a hand-held, one-sided flat tambourine or drumlike musical instrument, derived from Arabia.[1] It is made of wood and animal skin, similar to the duff but a little wider and smaller. In the opinion of Becker Edakkazhiyur, a noted arabana musician, "the ritualistic performance of `Arabana Reefa Ee Raathib Muttu' has been mistaken for `Arabana Kali Muttu,' which is purely for entertainment. While the former is almost extinct, the latter, known for its aesthetic appeal, is the one presented nowadays."[2]

The arabana muttu, which is performed to welcome dignitaries, is a more difficult art than the duff muttu.[3] There are traditional and modern methods of playing the aravana. Traditionally, with participants sitting in a semicircle, the leader of the group will start singing. When the initial song is over, the players will start to play following the song of the leader and beating on the aravana musically; others will beat in the same way by giving chorus to the song.

Even though the duff and Aravana are two different types of arts, the word duff is used interchangeably for Aravana, because the duff is more familiar than the Aravana. This art is nowadays the basis for competitions in Kerala. [4]

See also


  1. ^ The origins of the instrument are lost in prehistoric antiquity.Encyclopedia Britannica."Tambourine",
  2. ^ (March 24 2006)The HinduG. S. Paul, "The sultan of Arabana Muttu" (Becker Edakkazhiyur),
  3. ^ "Duff Muttu and Arabana Muttu - popular Muslim artsforms of Kerala". Retrieved 20 December 2012. 
  4. ^ (Dec 19 2008)The Hindu,"Winning note",

External links

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.