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Annie Lennox

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Subject: Into the West (song), The Tourists, Love Song for a Vampire, David A. Stewart, Music of The Lord of the Rings film series
Collection: 19 Recordings Artists, 1954 Births, 20Th-Century British Singers, 21St-Century British Singers, Annie Lennox, Arista Records Artists, Best Original Song Academy Award Winning Songwriters, Blue-Eyed Soul Singers, Brit Award Winners, British Female Singer-Songwriters, British Synthpop New Wave Musicians, Contraltos, Decca Records Artists, Fellows of the Royal Academy of Music, Female New Wave Singers, Female Rock Singers, Female Singer-Songwriters, Feminist Musicians, Grammy Award Winners, Hiv/Aids Activists, Ivor Novello Award Winners, Living People, Officers of the Order of the British Empire, People Associated with Oxford Brookes University, People Educated at Harlaw Academy, People from Aberdeen, Scottish Activists, Scottish Agnostics, Scottish Contraltos, Scottish Electronic Musicians, Scottish Female Singers, Scottish Feminists, Scottish Musicians, Scottish New Wave Musicians, Scottish Pop Singers, Scottish Rock Singers, Scottish Singer-Songwriters, Tibet Freedom Artists, Torch Singers, Universal Music Group Artists, Women in Electronic Music
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Annie Lennox

Annie Lennox
OBE
Annie Lennox performing at the Rally for Human Rights during the International AIDS Conference 2010 in Vienna as part of her SING Campaign.
Background information
Birth name Ann Lennox
Born (1954-12-25) 25 December 1954
Origin Aberdeen, Scotland
Genres
Occupation(s)
  • Singer
  • songwriter
  • activist
  • humanitarian ambassador
Instruments
  • Vocals
  • piano
  • keyboards
  • guitar
  • accordion
  • harmonium
  • flute
  • bass guitar
Years active 1976–present
Labels
Associated acts
Website www.annielennox.com

Annie Lennox, OBE (born 25 December 1954), born Ann Lennox, is a Scottish singer, songwriter, political activist and philanthropist. After achieving moderate success in the late 1970s as part of the new wave band The Tourists, she and fellow musician David A. Stewart went on to achieve major international success in the 1980s as Eurythmics. With a total of eight Brit Awards, including Best British Female Artist six times, Lennox has won more than any other female artist. She has also been named the "Brits Champion of Champions".[1]

Lennox embarked on a solo career in 1992 with her debut album, Diva, which produced several hit singles including "Why" and "Walking on Broken Glass". To date, she has released six solo studio albums and a compilation album, The Annie Lennox Collection (2009). Aside from her eight Brit Awards, she has also collected four Grammy Awards and an MTV Video Music Award. In 2002, Lennox received a Billboard Century Award; the highest accolade from Billboard Magazine.[2] In 2004, she won both the Golden Globe and the Academy Award for Best Original Song for "Into the West", written for the soundtrack to the feature film The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King.

In addition to her career as a musician, Lennox is also a political and social activist, notable for raising money and awareness for HIV/ AIDS as it affects women and children in Africa. In 2011, Lennox was appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire by Queen Elizabeth II for her "tireless charity campaigns and championing of humanitarian causes". On 4 June 2012 she performed at the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Concert in front of Buckingham Palace. Lennox performed the song "Little Bird" during the 2012 Summer Olympics closing ceremony in London on 12 August 2012.

Lennox has been named "The Greatest White Soul Singer Alive" by VH1 and one of The 100 Greatest Singers of All Time by Rolling Stone.[3] In 2012, she was rated No. 22 on VH1's 100 Greatest Women in Music.[4] She has earned the distinction of "most successful female British artist in UK music history" due to her commercial success since the early 1980s. As of June 2008, including her work within Eurythmics, Lennox had sold over 80 million records worldwide.[5]

Contents

  • Early life 1
  • Music career 2
    • 1976–1990: Dragon's Playground, The Tourists and Eurythmics 2.1
    • 1992–1993: Diva 2.2
    • 1995–2000: Medusa and return to Eurythmics 2.3
    • 2003–2007: Bare and work in Africa 2.4
    • 2007–2008: Songs of Mass Destruction and AIDS activism 2.5
    • 2008–2009: The Annie Lennox Collection and departure from Sony 2.6
    • 2010–2013: Island Records and A Christmas Cornucopia 2.7
    • 2014: Nostalgia 2.8
  • Public image 3
    • Charity and political work 3.1
    • Gay icon 3.2
    • Exhibition 3.3
  • Music videos 4
  • Personal life 5
  • Discography 6
    • Studio albums 6.1
    • Compilation albums 6.2
  • Awards and nominations 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9

Early life

Annie Lennox was born on Christmas Day 1954 in Summerfield Maternity hospital, Aberdeen, the daughter of Dorothy (née Ferguson) and Thomas Allison Lennox.[6]

In the 1970s, Lennox won a place at the Royal Academy of Music in London, where she studied the flute, piano and harpsichord for three years. She lived on a student grant and worked at part-time jobs for extra money. Lennox was unhappy during her time at the Royal Academy and spent her time wondering what other direction she could take.[7]

Lennox's flute teacher's final report stated: "Ann has not always been sure of where to direct her efforts, though lately she has been more committed. She is very, very able, however." Two years later, Lennox reported to the Academy: "I have had to work as a waitress, barmaid, and shop assistant to keep me when not in musical work." She also played and sang with a few bands, such as Windsong, during the period of her course. In 2006, the academy made her an honorary Fellow.[8] Lennox also was made a Fellow of the Royal Scottish Academy of Music and Drama that year.[9]

Music career

1976–1990: Dragon's Playground, The Tourists and Eurythmics

Lennox in the mid-1980s

In 1976, Lennox was flautist with a band called Dragon's Playground, leaving before they appeared on TV's New Faces.[10] Between 1977 and 1980, she was the lead singer of The Tourists (initially known as The Catch), a British pop band and her first collaboration with Dave Stewart.

Lennox and Stewart's second collaboration, the 1980s synthpop duo Eurythmics, resulted in her most notable fame, as the duo's alto, soul-tinged lead singer. Early in Eurythmics' career, Lennox was known for her androgyny,[11][12] wearing suits and once impersonating Elvis Presley. Eurythmics released a long line of singles in the 1980s, including "Sweet Dreams (Are Made of This)" (a US number one and UK number two), "There Must Be an Angel (Playing with My Heart)" (UK number one), "Love Is A Stranger", "Here Comes the Rain Again", "Sisters Are Doin' It for Themselves", "Who's That Girl?", "Would I Lie to You?", "Missionary Man", "You Have Placed a Chill in My Heart", "Thorn in My Side", "The Miracle of Love" and "Don't Ask Me Why". Although the Eurythmics never officially disbanded, Lennox made a fairly clear break from Stewart in 1990. Thereafter, she began her solo career.[13]

Lennox and Stewart reconvened Eurythmics in the late 1990s with the album Peace, their first album of new material in ten years. A subsequent concert tour was completed, with profits going to Greenpeace and Amnesty International.[2]

Lennox (far right) and David A. Stewart (left) performing as Eurythmics in 1987.

Lennox has received eight Brit Awards, the most of any female artist.[14] Four of the awards were given during her time with Eurythmics, and another was given to the duo for Outstanding Contribution to Music in 1999.[15]

The 1988 single, "Put a Little Love in Your Heart", was a duet with Al Green recorded for the soundtrack of the movie Scrooged. Though it was produced by Dave Stewart, it was credited to Lennox and Green. This one-off single peaked at No. 2 on the US Adult Contemporary chart, No. 9 on the US Billboard Hot 100 and was a top 40 hit in the UK.[16][17] Lennox performed the song "Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye", a Cole Porter song, that same year for a cameo appearance in the Derek Jarman film Edward II. She then appeared with David Bowie and the surviving members of Queen at 1992's Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert at London's Wembley Stadium, performing "Under Pressure".[18]

1992–1993: Diva

Lennox began working with former Trevor Horn protégé Stephen Lipson, beginning with her 1992 solo début album, Diva. It was a commercial and critical success, charting No. 1 in the UK, No. 6 in Germany, and No. 23 in the US where it went double platinum.[19][20] Lennox's profile was boosted by Diva's singles, which included "Why" and "Walking on Broken Glass". "Why" won an MTV Award for Best Female Video at the 1992 MTV Video Music Awards, while the video for "Walking on Broken Glass" set in the British Regency period, featured actors Hugh Laurie and John Malkovich.[21][22] "Little Bird" also formed a double A-side with "Love Song for a Vampire", a soundtrack cut for Francis Ford Coppola's 1992 movie Bram Stoker's Dracula.[23] The B-side of her single "Precious" was a self-penned song called "Step by Step", which was later a hit for Whitney Houston for the soundtrack of the film The Preacher's Wife.[23] The song "Keep Young and Beautiful" was included on the CD release as a bonus track (the original vinyl album had only ten tracks).

The album entered the UK album chart at no.1 and has since sold over 1.2 million copies in the UK alone, being certified quadruple platinum.[24] It was also a success in the US where it was a top 30 hit and has sold in excess of 2,700,000 copies.[19] In 1993, the album was included in Q magazine's list of the "50 Best Albums of 1992". Rolling Stone magazine (25 June 1992, p. 41) described the album as "...state-of-the-art soul pop..." and it is included in Rolling Stone's (13 May 1999, p. 56) "Essential Recordings of the 90's" list. The album won Best British Album at the 1993 Brit Awards.[25]

1995–2000: Medusa and return to Eurythmics

Although Lennox's profile decreased for a period because of her desire to bring up her two children outside of the media's glare, she continued to record. Her second album, Medusa, was released in March 1995. It consisted solely of cover songs, all originally recorded by male artists including Bob Marley, The Clash, and Neil Young. It entered the UK album chart at No. 1 and peaked in the US at number 11, spending 60 weeks on the Billboard 200 chart and selling over 2,000,000 to date in the United States.[19] It has achieved double platinum status in both the UK and the US.[24][26] The album yielded four UK singles: "No More I Love You's" (which entered the UK singles chart at No. 2, Lennox's highest ever solo peak),[17] "A Whiter Shade of Pale", "Waiting in Vain" and "Something So Right". The album was nominated for Best Pop Vocal Album at the Grammy Awards of 1996,[27] losing to Turbulent Indigo by Joni Mitchell, however, Lennox won the Grammy Award for Best Female Pop Vocal Performance for the single "No More I Love You's".[28] Although Lennox declined to tour for the album, she did perform a large scale one-off concert in New York's Central Park, which was filmed and later released on home video.[29] Lennox provided an extensive solo vocal performance (without lyrics) for the soundtrack score of the film Apollo 13 in 1995.[30]

In 1997, Lennox re-recorded the Eurythmics track "Angel" for the [2]

2003–2007: Bare and work in Africa

Annie Lennox on stage in 2004

In 2003, Lennox released her third solo album, Bare. The album peaked at No. 3 in the UK and No. 4 in the US – her highest charting album in the US to date.[34] She embarked on her first tour as a solo artist to promote the album. The tour, simply titled Solo Tour, pre-dated the release of the album and visited both the US and Europe, with only a two-night stop in the UK at Saddler's Wells Theatre in London. The album has been certified Gold in both the UK and the US and was nominated for Best Pop Album at the 46th Grammy Awards.[35] The album was released with a DVD which included interviews and acoustic versions of songs by Lennox.[36]

In 2004, Lennox won the Academy Award for Best Song for "Into the West" from the film The Lord of the Rings: The Return of the King,[37] which she co-wrote with screenwriter Fran Walsh and composer Howard Shore. Lennox performed the song live at the 76th Academy Awards. The song also won a Grammy award and a Golden Globe award. She had previously recorded "Use Well the Days" for the movie, which incorporates a number of quotations from Tolkien in its lyrics. This features on a bonus DVD included with the "special edition" of the movie's soundtrack CD. In mid-2004, Lennox embarked on an extensive North American tour with Sting.[2] In July 2005, Lennox performed at Live 8 in Hyde Park, London, along with Madonna, Sting, and other popular musicians.[38]

In 2005, Lennox and Stewart collaborated on two new songs for their Eurythmics compilation album, Ultimate Collection, of which "I've Got a Life" was released as a single in October 2005. The promotional video for the song features Lennox and Stewart performing in the present day, with images of past Eurythmics videos playing on television screens behind them. The single peaked at number fourteen in the UK Singles Chart and was a number-one US Dance hit.[16][17] On 14 November 2005, Sony BMG repackaged and released Eurythmics' back catalogue as 2005 Deluxe Edition Reissues.[39] Lennox also collaborated with Herbie Hancock doing the song "Hush, Hush, Hush" on his collaboration album, Possibilities in August 2005.[40]

2007–2008: Songs of Mass Destruction and AIDS activism

Ending her long association with Stephen Lipson, Lennox's fourth solo album, Songs of Mass Destruction, was recorded in Los Angeles with veteran producer Glen Ballard (known for producing Alanis Morissette's album, Jagged Little Pill). It was released on 1 October 2007, and was the last studio album of Lennox's contract with BMG. It peaked at No. 7 in the UK and No. 9 in the US.[16][17] Lennox stated that she believed the album consisted of "twelve strong, powerful, really emotive songs that people can connect to". If she achieves that, she says, "I can feel proud of [it], no matter if it sells ten copies or 50 million."[41] Lennox described it as "a dark album, but the world is a dark place. It's fraught, it's turbulent. Most people's lives are underscored with dramas of all kinds: there's ups, there's downs – the flickering candle."[42] She added, "Half the people are drinking or drugging themselves to numb it. A lot of people are in pain."[42]

The album's first single was "Treatment Action Campaign.[43] Included among the group of vocalists are TAC activist members' own vocal group known as The Generics, whose CD of music inspired Lennox to make "Sing".[43]

To promote Songs of Mass Destruction, Lennox embarked on a primarily North American tour called Annie Lennox Sings, which lasted throughout October and November 2007.[44]

2008–2009: The Annie Lennox Collection and departure from Sony

Finishing out her contract with Sony BMG, Lennox released the compilation album The Annie Lennox Collection. Initially intended for release in September 2008, the release date was pushed back several months to allow Lennox to recuperate from a back injury.[45] The compilation was eventually released in the US on 17 February 2009, and in the UK and Europe on 9 March 2009. Included on the track listing are songs from her four solo albums, one from the Bram Stoker's Dracula soundtrack, and two new songs. One of these is a cover of Ash's single, "Shining Light". The other is a cover of a song by the English band Keane, originally the B-side of their first single in 2000. Lennox renamed the song from its original title "Closer Now" to "Pattern of My Life". A limited 3-disc edition of the album included a DVD compilation featuring most of Lennox's solo videos since 1992, and also featured a second CD of rarer songs including a version of R.E.M.'s "Everybody Hurts" with Alicia Keys and Lennox's Oscar winning "Into the West" from the third Lord of the Rings film. The album entered the UK Album Chart at No. 2 and remained in the top 10 for seven weeks.[46]

Lennox's recording contract with Sony BMG concluded with the release of Songs of Mass Destruction and the subsequent retrospective album The Collection, and much was made in the press in late 2007/early 2008 about the apparent animosity between Lennox and the record company. Lennox stated that while on a trip to South Africa in December 2007 to appear at the 46664 campaign in Johannesburg, the regional company office of the label failed to return phone calls and e-mails she made to them for three weeks, and had completely failed to promote the Sing project as planned. Upon her return to the UK, Lennox met with the head of Sony BMG UK, Ged Docherty, who was "mortified" by the problems she had encountered with the South African branch. However, the debacle (partly inflamed when Lennox's dissatisfaction with the South African office was made public on her blog) led to press reports falsely stating that she was being dropped by Sony BMG. The record company themselves quickly refuted the rumour stating that Lennox's contract with them had merely been fulfilled and that they hoped she would consider remaining with them. The British tabloid, Daily Mirror, subsequently printed a retraction of its story about her being dropped by the label.[47]

2010–2013: Island Records and A Christmas Cornucopia

In August 2010, Lennox signed a new contract with Island Records in the UK and Decca Records in the US (both part of the Universal Music Group).[48] Her first release was a Christmas album entitled A Christmas Cornucopia, issued on 15 November 2010. The album is a collection of Lennox's interpretations of traditional festive songs such as "Silent Night" and "The First Noel", along with one new composition, "Universal Child", which was released as a download-only single on 13 October 2010. Lennox had previously showcased the song on the American Idol Gives Back TV show in April 2010. She sang the song "Angels from the Realms of Glory" from the album for the TNT special Christmas in Washington.[49]

A music video was produced for a second single from the album, "God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen". Lennox also performed the track on the UK chat show Loose Women in December 2010, and was also interviewed.[50]

According to Metacritic, A Christmas Cornucopia has gained "generally favourable reviews".[51] Ian Wade of BBC Music gave the album a very positive review, saying "this collection could find itself becoming as much a part of the holiday season as arguments with loved ones."[52] Sal Cinquemani of Slant Magazine awarded the album 3.5/5 and said "Lennox seems more inspired on A Christmas Cornucopia than she has in years."[53] John Hunt of Qatar Today magazine gave the album 9/10 and said "in particular, the vocal work and musical arrangement of 'God Rest Ye Merry Gentlemen' are impactful to the point of being intimidating."[54]

On 4 June 2012, Lennox performed, as part of the Queen's Diamond Jubilee Concert, in front of Buckingham Palace in London and on 12 August she performed "Little Bird" at the 2012 Summer Olympics Closing Ceremony.[55]

2014: Nostalgia

In October 2014, Lennox released her sixth solo album Nostalgia.[56] The album is a collection of Lennox's childhood favourite soul, jazz and blues songs.[57] Critic Mike Wass of Idolator stated that Lennox "puts her own inimitable spin" on the selected tracks.[58] The lead single "I Put a Spell On You" received its first radio play on 15 September 2014 by Ken Bruce on BBC Radio 2.[59]

Public image

Charity and political work

Lennox appeared on stage at the 1988 Nelson Mandela 70th Birthday Concert and commenced activist work with the Sing Foundation afterwards.[60] In 1990, Lennox recorded a version of Cole Porter's "Ev'ry Time We Say Goodbye" for the Cole Porter tribute album Red Hot + Blue, a benefit for AIDS awareness. A video was also produced.[61]

HIV campaigners, Memory Sachikonye (l) and Annie Lennox (r) met with Secretary of State for International Development Andrew Mitchell

Lennox has been a public supporter of Amnesty International and Greenpeace for many years, and she and Dave Stewart donated all of the profits from Eurythmics' 1999 Peacetour to both charities.[62]

Concerned by Tibet freedom,[63] she supported Amnesty International campaigns for the release of Tibetan prisoners Palden Gyatso and Ngawang Choephel.[64]

In 2006, in response to her humanitarian work, Lennox became patron of the Master's Course in Humanitarian and Development Practice for Oxford Brookes University.[2] In October 2006, Lennox spoke at the British House of Commons about the need for children in the UK to help their counterparts in Africa.[2]

On 25 April 2007, Lennox performed "Bridge over Troubled Water" during the American Idol "Idol Gives Back" fundraising drive.[65]

Lennox's 2007 song "

External links

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  8. ^ Royal Academy of Music Bulletin, August 2006, p. 7
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  13. ^ Martin Strong (1996). "The Wee Rock Discography". p. 155. ,Canongate
  14. ^
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  16. ^ a b c Whitburn, Joel (2004). The Billboard Book of Top 40 Hits, 8th Edition
  17. ^ a b c d Roberts, David (2006). British Hit Singles & Albums. London: Guinness World Records Limited
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  33. ^ Eurythmics Album & Song Chart History Billboard. 7 November 2011
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  36. ^ "Bare Bonus DVD". All music. Retrieved 9 December 2014
  37. ^
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  42. ^ a b
  43. ^ a b c
  44. ^ The Return of the Sweet Dreamer The New York Times. Retrieved 8 November 2011
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  48. ^ International Superstar Annie Lennox signs with Universal Music Group (UMG) Universal Music. Retrieved 8 November 2011
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  54. ^ Qatar Today, Jan 2011, Music, Books and Film
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  64. ^ Thor Halvorssen Mendoza, And the Nominees for Outstanding Performance in the Service of Human Rights Are..., 23 February 2012
  65. ^ Annie Lennox Bridge Over Troubled Water Live on American Idol Gives Back 2007 American Idol. Retrieved 8 November 2011
  66. ^
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  71. ^ a b c "Providing soundtrack to our lives: Annie Lennox feted by Tutu, Elton, Adele". Sunday Herald. Retrieved12 November 2014
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  83. ^ Aberdeen City Council – Annie Lennox exhibition (27 Sep 2012)
  84. ^ (VHS) Totally Diva. Sony BMG.
  85. ^ "Pop art! Music legend Annie Lennox celebrated in museum exhibition". Daily Mail. Retrieved 10 November 2014
  86. ^ Sutherland & Ellis 2002, pp. 209–217
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References

  • 2002 – Billboard Century Award by Billboard
  • 2008 – OUT magazine honoured Lennox for her work in the HIV and AIDS field. The top 100 most influential people in Gay Culture.
  • 2008 – The British Red Cross Services to Humanity Award
  • 2008 – Glamour Magazine's Inspirational Woman of the Year Award
  • 2008 – Honoured at the 2008 Youth AIDS Gala, for her contribution in helping the fight against HIV and AIDS
  • 2008 – The German Sustainability "special achievement" award for her commitment in the fight against HIV and AIDS
  • 2008 – Webby Award for official website www.annielennox.com[103]
  • 2009 – Save the Children "Amigo de los Niños" Award
  • 2009 – Awarded the "Freedom of the City of London" by the British Red Cross for services to humanity in the field of HIV and AIDS
  • 2009 – Nobel Peace Laureates for services to humanity
  • 2010 – Patron of the Elton John AIDS Foundation
  • 2010 – Special Envoy for HIV/AIDS in Scotland
  • 2010 – Ambassador for HIV/AIDS in London
  • 2010 – UNAIDS Goodwill Ambassador
  • 2010 – Barclays Women of the Year Award
  • 2010 – International Service Award for Global Defence of Human Rights[104]
  • 2010 – GQ Charity Woman of the Year Award
  • 2010 – Harper's Bazaar Lifetime Achievement Award
  • 2010 – Appointed an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) for her work fighting AIDS and poverty in Africa
  • 2013 – Music Industry Trust Award (MITS) for her creativity and work that inspires those who work within the music business and millions of others worldwide
Other awards/titles/ambassadorships[102]
Honorary degrees and awards[100]
  • 2004 – Best Original Song – Motion Picture ("Into the West")
Golden Globe Awards[99]
  • 1984 - MTV Best New Artist “Sweet Dreams (Are Made Of This)”
  • 1992 – Best Female Video ("Why")
  • 1992 - MTV European Video Of The Year (“Why”)
MTV Music Awards[21]
  • 1984 – Songwriter of the Year for Lennox and Dave Stewart
  • 1987 – Songwriter of the Year for Lennox and Dave Stewart
  • 1987 – Best contemporary song ("Its Alright, (Baby's Coming Back)")
  • 1993 – Best Song ("Why")
Ivor Novello Awards[98]
  • 1984 – Best New Artist (Eurythmics) (nominated)
  • 1986 – Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal (Eurythmics, "Would I Lie to You?") (nominated)
  • 1987 – Best Rock Performance by a Duo or Group with Vocal (Eurythmics, "Missionary Man") (Won)
  • 1993 – Album of the Year (Diva) (nominated)
  • 1993 – Best Female Pop Vocal Performance (Diva) (nominated)₣
  • 1993 – Best Music Video – Long Form (Diva) (Won)
  • 1996 – Best Pop Album (Medusa) (nominated)
  • 1996 – Best Female Pop Vocal Performance ("No More I Love You's") (Won)
  • 2004 – Best Pop Album (Bare) (nominated)
  • 2005 – Best Song Written For a Motion Picture, Television or Other Visual Media ("Into the West") (Won)
  • 2014 – Best Traditional Pop Vocal Album (Nostalgia) (nominated)
Grammy Awards[97]
  • 2004 – Best Original Song ("Into the West")
Academy Awards[96]
  • 2008 – AMA Award of Merit for her work and her humanitarian efforts
American Music Awards[95]
  • 1984 – Best British Female Artist
  • 1986 – Best British Female Artist
  • 1989 – Best British Female Artist
  • 1990 – Best British Female Artist
  • 1993 – Best British Female Solo Artist
  • 1993 – Best British Album (Diva)
  • 1996 – Best British Female Solo Artist
  • 1999 – Outstanding Contribution to British Music (Eurythmics)
BRIT Awards[94]

Lennox has received a variety of major awards during her career:[93]

Awards and nominations

Discography

Both of Lennox's parents died of cancer.[7] Lennox is an agnostic[90] and a feminist.[91] In the 2010 Sunday Times Rich List of British millionaires from the world of music, Lennox was estimated to have a fortune of £30 million.[92]

In September 2012, Lennox featured in Series 9 of the BBC's Who Do You Think You Are?, in which she discovered that her great-great-grandmother Jessie Fraser worked, at the age of 13, at the Broadford Flax Mill in Aberdeen. Her maternal grandmother, Dora Paton, was a dairy maid at the Balmoral Royal Estate and her maternal grandfather, William Ferguson, was a gamekeeper also at Balmoral, who on one occasion danced with the then queen consort of the United Kingdom, Elizabeth Bowes-Lyon.[89]

Lennox has been married three times. Her first marriage, from 1984 to 1985, was to German Hare Krishna devotee Radha Raman.[86] From 1988 to 2000, she was married to Israeli film and record producer Uri Fruchtmann.[87] The couple have two daughters, Lola and Tali. A son, Daniel, was stillborn in 1988.[88] On 15 September 2012, Lennox married South African gynaecologist Dr. Mitch Besser, in London in a private ceremony.

Personal life

Both as part of Eurythmics and in her solo career, Lennox has made over 60 music promo videos. The 1987 Eurythmics album Savage and her 1992 solo album Diva were both accompanied by video albums, both directed by Sophie Muller.[84] Actors Hugh Laurie and John Malkovich appeared in the music video for "Walking on Broken Glass" in British Regency period costume, while the video for "Little Bird" paid homage to the different images and personas that have appeared in some of Lennox's previous videos.[22] The clip features Lennox performing on stage with several lookalikes (male and female) that represent her personas from "Why", "Walking on Broken Glass", "Sweet Dreams", "Beethoven", "I Need a Man", "Thorn in My Side", "There Must Be an Angel", and even her stage image from the 1992 Freddie Mercury Tribute Concert.[85]

Music videos

In conjunction with the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, Lennox put many items from her collection—costumes, accessories, photographs, awards, ephemera from her political campaigns, and personal belongings—on display. This collection, which spanned her entire career, along with music videos and interviews, became The House of Annie Lennox at the V+A from 15 September 2011 to 26 February 2012.[80] An expanded version of the exhibit was later installed at The Lowry in Salford from 17 March 2012 to 17 June,[81][82] before moving to Aberdeen for twelve weeks.[83]

Exhibition

Lennox has garnered a significant following within the Madonna, Morrissey, and Michael Stipe.[79]

Gay icon

In November 2013, Lennox received the Music Industry Trusts Award for her career achievements in music and her charity commitments.[71] Elton John said of her award; "It is so well deserved and not only for your extraordinary contribution to music and songwriting but also for your outstanding and tireless work as an HIV and AIDS activist and supporter of woman's rights," while Adele stated; "Annie Lennox has been a constant part of my life. An example of a brilliant talent that exudes excellence and influence on everyone."[71]

In December 2010, it was confirmed that Lennox was in the New Years Honours List and would become an Officer of the Order of the British Empire (OBE) in recognition of her humanitarian work.[75] She received the award from Queen Elizabeth II at Buckingham Palace on 28 June 2011.[76][77]

In June 2010, Lennox was named as a Burma and promotes democratisation.[74]

"She is one of those exemplary human beings who chose to put her success in her chosen career to work in order to benefit others. She is a true friend of Africa and of South Africa. Her Aids activism in general, and support for the treatment action campaign in-particular, contributed significantly to turning the pandemic around in our country."

—Archbishop Desmond Tutu pays tribute to Annie Lennox in November 2013.[71]

Lennox opened the 2009 Edinburgh Festival of Politics with commentary on Pope Benedict XVI's approach to HIV/AIDS prevention in Africa. She said that the Pope's denunciation of condoms on his recent tour of Africa had caused "tremendous harm" and she criticised the Roman Catholic Church for causing widespread confusion on the continent. Lennox also condemned the media's obsession with "celebrity culture" for keeping the AIDS pandemic off the front page. During her address, Lennox wore a T-shirt emblazoned with the words "HIV positive". Lennox wore similar T-shirts at the 25th Anniversary Rock & Roll Hall of Fame concert at Madison Square Garden on 30 October 2009,[70] during her appearance on The Graham Norton Show on 30 November 2009 (where she performed the new song "Full Steam", a duet with singer David Gray), during a recorded performance for American Idol during a 21 April 2010 fundraiser, entitled Idol Gives Back, and during a performance on the live Comic Relief show on 18 March 2011.

On 11 December 2007, she performed in the Nobel Peace Prize Concert in Oslo, Norway together with a variety of artists, which was broadcast to over 100 countries.[67] Lennox appeared at the Nelson Mandela 90th Birthday Tribute in June 2008[68] and then led a rally against the Gaza War in London on 3 January 2009.[69]

[66]

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