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Anenii Noi District

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Title: Anenii Noi District  
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Subject: Varnița, Anenii Noi, Bulboaca, Anenii Noi, Botnărești, Demographics of Moldova, Căușeni District
Collection: Anenii Noi District, Districts of Moldova
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Anenii Noi District

Anenii Noi
District (Raion)
Location of Anenii Noi
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraş-reşedinţă)

Anenii Noi
Government
 • Raion President Vladimir Vâzdoagă (PCRM), since 2007
Area
 • Total 892 km2 (344 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 83,100
 • Density 93.2/km2 (241/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 265
Area code(s) +373 65
Car plates AN
Website http://www.aneniinoi.com

Anenii Noi District (Romanian: Raionul Anenii Noi) is a district (raion) in the central part of Moldova. As of January 1, 2011, its population was 83,100. Its seat is the city of Anenii Noi.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
    • Fauna 2.2
    • Flora 2.3
    • Rivers 2.4
  • Administrative subdivisions 3
    • Cities 3.1
    • Communes and villages 3.2
  • Demographics 4

History

Localities with the oldest documentary attestation are Gura Bîcului, Teliţa, Mereni localities documented for the first time in 1443-1475. In the following centuries to develop the economy (trade, agriculture, customs duties), and shows a significant demographic growth. The first documentary of the city Anenii Noi is June 27, 1731 with the name Pascani pe Bîc. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812-1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918 after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918-1940, 1941-1944), the district is part of the Chişinău County. In 1940 after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Chişinău County (1991-2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography

Anenii Noi District is located in the central part of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following district: Criuleni District in north, east Grigoriopol District, Căuşeni District in south, Ialoveni District and Municipality of Chişinău in the west. Flat relief, the plain. Altitudes range from 30 m in the Lower Nistru plain, to 200–250 m in the hills of northern district. Erosion processes with a low intensity.

Climate

Temperate continental climate with annual average temperature +10 C, July average temperature +22 C, January average yearly precipitation -4 c. Yearly precipitation 500–600 mm. Average wind speed 3–5 m\s.

Fauna

Fauna typical of central Europe this mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, ermine, ferret and more. Of birds: owl, stork, hawk, sparrow, starling, crow, egret, partridges and others.

Flora

Forests occupy 10.7% of the district and are complemented by oak, english oak, hornbeam, maple, linden, ash and others. From plants: wormwood, black, clover, knotweed, nettle, fescue and more.

Rivers

Anenii Noi District is located in the Nistru river basin, which crosses the district in the east. The most important tributary of this is Bîc River (155 km). The largest lake is Lake Sălaș located near locality Gura Bîcului, with an area of 3.72 km². It is the third largest natural lake in Moldova.

Administrative subdivisions

Anenii Noi District has 1 town, 25 communes and 19 villages.

Cities

Communes and villages

Demographics

1 January 2012 the district population was 83,100 of which 10.3% urban and 89.7% rural

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