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Anatolia Province, Ottoman Empire

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Title: Anatolia Province, Ottoman Empire  
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Anatolia Province, Ottoman Empire

Eyālet-i Ānāṭōlī
Eyalet of the Ottoman Empire

1365–1827
 

 

 

Anatolia Eyalet in 1609
Capital Bursa, Ankara, Kütahya[1]
History
 -  Established 1365
 -  Disestablished 1827
Today part of  Turkey

The Eyalet of Anatolia (Ottoman Turkish: ایالت آناطولی; Eyālet-i Ānāṭōlī)[2] was one of the two core provinces (Rumelia being the other) in the early years of the Ottoman Empire. It was established in 1393.[3] Consisting of western Anatolia, its capital was Kütahya. Its reported area in the 19th century was 65,804 square miles (170,430 km2).[4]

Murad I instituted the great division of the sultanate into two beylerbeyiliks of Rumeli and Anadolu, in circa 1365.[5]

After the abolition of the Janissary corps in 1826 which followed the Auspicious Incident, the eyalet was divided into 4: the eyalets of Aydin, Hüdevandigar, Ankara and Kastamonu.[6]

Government

Organisation of the eyalet in the 17th century, from the accounts of Evliya Çelebi: "There is a Kehiya, an Emin (inspector) and Muhasibji (comptroller of the defter or rolls) an Emin and Kehiya of the Chavushes, a colonel and captain of the feudal militia, four Begs called Musellim and eleven Yaya-Begs".[7]

Administrative divisions

The eyalet consisted of fifteen sanjaks in 1609:[8]
  1. Sanjak of Kutahya (Liva-i Kütahya, Paşa Sancağı , Kütahya)
  2. Sanjak of Saruhan (Liva-i Saruhan Hass-ı Mîr Liva, (Manisa)
  3. Sanjak of Aydin (Liva-i Aydın, Aydın)
  4. Sanjak of Hüdavendigâr (Liva-i Hüdavendigâr, Bursa)
  5. Sanjak of Kastamonu (Liva-i Kastamonu, Kastamonu)
  6. Sanjak of Menteşe (Liva-i Menteşe, Muğla)
  7. Sanjak of Bolu (Liva-i Bolu, Bolu)
  8. Sanjak of Ankara (Liva-i Bankara, Ankara)
  9. Sanjak of Karahisar-i Sahib (Liva-i Karahisar-ı Sahib, Afyonkarahisar)
  10. Sanjak of Teke (Liva-i Teke, Antalya)
  11. Sanjak of Kangırı (Liva-i Kangırı, Çankırı)
  12. Sanjak of Hamidili (Liva-i Hamidili, Isparta)
  13. Sanjak of Sultanönü (Liva-i Sutanönü, Eskişehir)
  14. Sanjak of Karesi (Liva-i Karesi, Balıkesir)
The eyalet consisted of fifteen sanjaks between 1700 and 1740:[9]
  1. Sanjak of Kutahya (Paşa Sancağı , Kütahya)
  2. Sanjak of Hüdavendigâr (Bursa)
  3. Sanjak of Bolu (Bolu)
  4. Sanjak of Kastamonu (Kastamonu)
  5. Sanjak of Karasi (Balıkesir)
  6. Sanjak of Sultanönü (Eskişehir)
  7. Sanjak of Saruhan (Manisa)
  8. Sanjak of Karahisar-i Sahib (Afyonkarahisar)
  9. Sanjak of Hamid (Isparta)
  10. Sanjak of Ankara (Ankara)
  11. Sanjak of Kânkırı (Çankırı)
  12. Sanjak of Aydin (Aydın)
  13. Sanjak of Teke (Antalya)
  14. Sanjak of Menteşe (Muğla)
  15. Sanjak of Beybazarı (Beypazarı)

References

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