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Al-Islah (Yemen)

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Al-Islah (Yemen)

Yemeni Congregation for Reform
التجمع اليمني للإصلاح
Al-Tajammu'u Al-Yamani Lil-Islah
Leader Mohammed Qahtan, Sadeq Al-Ahmar, Abdul Majeed al-Zindani
Founded 13 September 1990 (1990-09-13)
Headquarters Sana'a
Ideology Islamism
Salafism
Tribalism
Political position Right-wing
Religion Islam
International affiliation Muslim Brotherhood
Parliament of Yemen
46 / 301
Website
Official website
Politics of Yemen
Political parties
Elections

The Yemeni Congregation for Reform, frequently called Al-Islah,[1][2](pronounced ; Arabic: التجمع اليمني للإصلاحat-Tajammu’u al-Yamanī lil-Īṣlāḥ) is the main opposition party in Yemen. At the last legislative elections, 27 April 2003, the party won 22.6% of the popular vote and 46 out of 301 seats.

Foundation

The party was created on 13 September 1990 in Sana'a, Yemen, by the tribal sheikh Abdullah Al Ahmar.[3]

General structure, leadership

Al-Islah has been described as consisting of "three components. The first is the political faction, Yemen’s Muslim Brotherhood, led by Mohammed Qahtan. The second is the tribal confederacy which was led by top tribal chief Abdullah Al Ahmar until his death in 2007 at which time he was succeeded by his son Sadeq.[4] (Hamid al-Ahmar is Sadeq's younger brother and is active in politics.) The third is the mainstream in Yemen, led by the country’s most prominent Sunni religious scholar, Abdul Majeed al-Zindani."[5] Abdulla Al-Yadomi succeeded Al Ahmar as the head of the party following his death on 28 December 2007.[3]

In the 2003 parliamentary election, Al-Islah won 46 seats. As of 2010, 13 of Al-Islah's parliament members were women, including human rights activist and Nobel laureate Tawakel Karman,[2][6] who created the activist group Women Journalists Without Chains in 2005[7] and became the first Yemeni and Arab woman to win the Nobel Peace Prize in 2011.

As of 2014 the party was the second biggest political party after the General People’s Congress (GPC).[3]

Policies

National

Al-Islah says that those thinking of fighting for the Yemeni government against the Shia insurgency of the Houthis should instead keep well out of the war because Yemenis must not help Yemen's pro-Western government, which deserves to be overthrown.[1]

Al-Islah is agitating, at the moment, against a draft amendment to the 2011 Yemeni protests.[2]

Personal rights

Senior member of Al-Islah Tawakel Karman[2] received the 2011 Nobel Peace Prize, Ali Mohammed Hassen Ali Jaro'a leader for life makers team on Yemen

Publications

The party has two major media outlets, Al Sahwa, an Arabic daily, and Suhail TV.[8] The latter is owned by Hameed Al Ahmar, a relative of the party's founder.[8]

Bans

The party was blacklisted by Saudi Arabia in March 2014.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Camp, Mazrak (19 November 2009). "Yemen's War – Pity those caught in the middle". The Economist. Archived from the original on 16 February 2011. Retrieved 16 February 2011. 
  2. ^ a b c d "New protests erupt in Yemen". Al Jazeera. 29 January 2011. Archived from the original on 30 January 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  3. ^ a b c d Ali Ibrahim Al Moshki (13 March 2014). "Saudi Arabia blacklists Yemeni groups". Yemen Times. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 
  4. ^ "Ruling party defies Al-Ahmar family, threatens unity of Hashid tribe". Elaf. 17 November 2009. Archived from the original on 5 April 2011. 
  5. ^ Yemen: An Election Realignment STRATFOR, 20 September 2006
  6. ^ "The United States & Yemen – Destroying Lives in the Name of National Security". Brecht Forum. 2010. Archived from the original on 1 February 2011. Retrieved 1 February 2011. 
  7. ^ Al-Sakkaf, Nadia (17 June 2010). """Renowned activist and press freedom advocate Tawakul Karman to the Yemen Times: "A day will come when all human rights violators pay for what they did to Yemen. Women Journalists Without Chains. Archived from the original on 30 January 2011. Retrieved 30 January 2011. 
  8. ^ a b "Government Raids Suhail TV Station and Newspaper". Yemen Post. 26 May 2011. Retrieved 12 September 2014. 

External links

  • (Arabic)Official web site
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