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Akhlat

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Akhlat

Ahlat
Ahlat
Ahlat

Coordinates: 38°45′10″N 42°29′40″E / 38.75278°N 42.49444°E / 38.75278; 42.49444Coordinates: 38°45′10″N 42°29′40″E / 38.75278°N 42.49444°E / 38.75278; 42.49444

Country Turkey
Province Bitlis
Government
 • Mayor Abdulalim Mümtaz Çoban (MHP)
 • Kaymakam Bilal Şentürk
Area
 • District  km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)
Population ()
 • Urban
 • District
Post code 13400
Website

Ahlat ((Armenian: Խլաթ, Khlat; Ottoman Turkish: اخلاط), is a historic town and district in Turkey's Bitlis Province in Eastern Anatolia Region. From 1929-1936, it had been included as a district of Van Province. The town of Ahlat is situated on the northwestern shore of Lake Van. Its current mayor is Abdulalim Mümtaz Çoban (MHP).

History

Ahlat, known by its Armenian name of Khlat in the ancient and medieval period, was once a part of the district of Bznunik'. During the early eighth century, Arab tribes settled in the region, which lay on the frontier with Byzantium, and it became part of the Arab Kaysite principality.[1] Ibn Hawqal mentioned it as an important stopover point on the Urmia-Mayyafariqin trade route. In the winter of 998, the Curopalates David III of Tao besieged Khlat but was unable to capture it, partly because of his contemptuous treatment of its Armenian population.[2]

In the accounts of Nasir Khusraw the town of "Akhlat" is mentioned once: "And from there (Van) we arrived at Akhlat on the 18th of Jumada al-awwal and this town marks the borders of Armenians and Muslims, ... an Emir ruled there whom they called Nassr-ol-dolat and had many sons and had appointed them as district governors within his kingdom. In this town three languages are spoken: Taazi (Arabic), Persian, and Armenian and I think that's why they call this town Akhlat (Arabic word from the roots "Kha-la-ta" which means "mix, to mix".). They used coins worth 300 Dirhams each."

Ahlat today

Ahlat and its surroundings are known for a large number of historic tombstones left by the Ahlatshah dynasty. Efforts are presently being made by local authorities with a view to including the tombstones on UNESCO's World Heritage List,[3] where they are currently listed tentatively.[4]

In recent years, Ahlat also came to be known for the quality of its potatoes, which carved themselves a sizable share in the Turkish agricultural products market.[5]

Climate

Climate data for Ahlat
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 1
(33)
2
(35)
5
(41)
11
(51)
16
(60)
22
(71)
27
(80)
27
(80)
23
(73)
16
(60)
9
(48)
3
(37)
13.5
(55.8)
Average low °C (°F) −4
(24)
−4
(24)
−2
(28)
2
(35)
6
(42)
10
(50)
15
(59)
14
(57)
11
(51)
6
(42)
1
(33)
−2
(28)
4.4
(39.4)
Precipitation cm (inches) 5
(2)
6.4
(2.5)
6.9
(2.7)
8.6
(3.4)
8
(3)
3.3
(1.3)
0.5
(0.2)
0.8
(0.3)
1.5
(0.6)
6.4
(2.5)
6.6
(2.6)
5
(2)
59
(23.1)
Source: Weatherbase [6]

See also

External links

  • Pictures of the sights by private photographer

References

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