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Accession of Albania to NATO

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Accession of Albania to NATO

The accession of Albania to NATO took place in 2009. Albania's relationship with the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO) began in 1992 when it joined the North Atlantic Cooperation Council.[1] In 1994, it entered NATO's Partnership for Peace, which began Albania's process of accession into the alliance.[2] In 1999, the country received a Membership Action Plan (MAP).[3] The country received an invitation to join at the 2008 Bucharest Summit and became a full member on April 1, 2009.

Albania was among the first Eastern European countries to join the Partnership for Peace programme. Albanian politicians considered admission to NATO a top priority. Since 1992 Albania has been extensively engaged with NATO and has maintained its position as a stability factor and a strong ally of USA and EU in the troubled and divided region of the Balkans. In addition to the political will, the overwhelming majority of 95% of the Albanian population supported NATO membership.[4]

Negotiation progress

Event Date
Invitation to join 3.4.2008
Accession protocol 9.7.2008
Ratification by:
Belgium 29.1.2009
Bulgaria 23.10.2008
Canada 14.1.2009
Czech Republic 22.12.2008
Denmark 9.12.2008
Estonia 19.12.2008
France 4.2.2009
Germany 19.12.2008
Greece 17.2.2009
Hungary 15.9.2008
Iceland 12.2.2009
Italy 23.12.2008
Latvia 18.9.2008
Lithuania 6.10.2008
Luxembourg 12.2.2009
Netherlands 17.2.2009
Norway 24.11.2008
Poland 21.10.2008
Portugal 13.2.2009
Romania 21.10.2008
Slovakia 24.10.2008
Slovenia 9.2.2009
Spain 18.12.2008
Turkey 26.11.2008
United Kingdom 19.12.2008
United States 26.9.2008
Full membership 1.4.2009

North Atlantic Cooperation Council

After the fall of the Soviet Union in 1991, NATO created the North Atlantic Cooperation Council (NACC) to strengthen institutional cooperation on the political and security issues between NATO members and former Warsaw Pact countries. Albania joined in 1992.[1]

Partnership for Peace

Partnership for Peace (PfP) is a NATO program aimed at creating trust between NATO and other states in Europe and the former Soviet Union.[5] Albania signed the Partnership for Peace agreement 23 February 1994.[2]

It was on this same day, 23 February, that Albania first officially applied to join NATO.[1]

Membership Action Plan

NATO Membership Action Plans (MAP) are designed to assist aspiring partner countries meet NATO standards and prepare for possible future membership. Aspiring nations must first participate in MAP before they join the alliance. The Membership Action Plan (MAP) will remain the vehicle to keep aspirants’ progress under review.[6]

Albania received a MAP in 1999.[3]

Bucharest summit accession protocols

At the 2008 NATO Bucharest summit, NATO member states signed accession protocols for Albania and Croatia. A signing ceremony was held, and witnessed by the foreign ministers of the two countries. Individual NATO member states must ratify the protocols according to their national requirements and procedures. NATO hopes to have this completed by the next NATO summit in April 2009.[7]

See also

References

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