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Abraham David Sofaer

Abraham David Sofaer
Judge of the United States District Court for the Southern District of New York
In office
March 23, 1979 – June 9, 1985
Nominated by Jimmy Carter
Preceded by Marvin E. Frankel
Succeeded by Michael Mukasey
Legal Adviser of the Department of State
In office
June 10, 1985 – June 15, 1990
Preceded by Davis Rowland Robinson
Succeeded by Edwin D. Williamson
Professor of Law at Columbia University School of Law
In office
Personal details
Born 1938 (age 77–78)
Bombay, India
Alma mater New York University School of Law (LL.B, 1965)
Author of War, Foreign Affairs, and Constitutional Power, historical account of the constitutional powers of Congress and the president to control or affect the use of force.

Abraham David Sofaer (born 1938) is a former federal judge for the Hoover Institution, Stanford University.

Education and career

Sofaer received a B.A. in 1962 (magna cum laude in American History) and an LL.B. from New York University School of Law in 1965, where he was editor in chief of the law review. After law school, he served as law clerk to J. Skelly Wright of the United States Court of Appeals for the District of Columbia Circuit (1965–66), and for Justice William J. Brennan, Jr. of the United States Supreme Court (1966 to 1967).

From 1967 to 1969, he was an Assistant U.S. Attorney in the Southern District of New York under Robert M. Morgenthau, Jr. His work focused on the use by Americans of foreign banks and other financial institutions to violate US laws.

From 1969 to 1979, Sofaer was a professor of law at Columbia University School of Law, during which time he wrote War, Foreign Affairs, and Constitutional Power, an authoritative historical account of the constitutional powers of Congress and the president to control or affect issues related to the international use of force.

As a New York state administrative judge in 1975–76, he handled the first major environmental action involving PCBs, specifically their discharge by General Electric into the Hudson River.[1] After issuing an opinion holding GE liable despite its having been issue with a license, Sofaer worked with Peter Berle, then head of NY’s Department of Environmental Conservation, Sarah Chassis, lead attorney for the National Resources Defense Council, and Jack Welch, then VP at GE to settle the case in an agreement joined by 17 environmental organizations. This work led to Sofaer being recommended to a committee established by Senator Daniel Patrick Moynihan (chaired by former White House Counsel Leonard Garment) to screen candidates for the federal district courts in New York state.

He was nominated to the district court for the Southern District of New York by Jimmy Carter on January 19, 1979, on the recommendation of Senator Moynihan, to a seat vacated by Marvin E. Frankel, confirmed by the United States Senate on March 21, 1979, and received his commission on March 23, 1979.

On June 9, 1985, then-Legal Adviser of the Department of State, a position in which he served until 1990. According to his Hoover Institution biography, Sofaer "was principal negotiator in various interstate matters that were successfully resolved, including the dispute between Egypt and Israel over Taba, the claim against Iraq for its attack on the USS Stark, and the claims against Chile for the assassination of diplomat Orlando Letelier. He received the Distinguished Service Award in 1989, the highest State Department award given to a non-civil servant."[1] He assisted Shultz in forcing disclosures that led to the termination of arms dealings with Iran as part of the Iran Contra scandal. See his description of these activities at

After leaving the Department of State, Sofaer practiced law at separation of powers issues in the American system of government, including the power over war, and on issues related to international law, terrorism, diplomacy, national security, the Middle East conflict, and water resources.” For several years, he taught a course on transnational law at the Stanford Law School, and is currently scheduled to teach arbitration. At Hoover he has published many op-eds, articles, chapters in books, and two books on international security issues: “The Best Defense?: Legitimacy and Preventive Force; Taking on Iran: Strength, Diplomacy & The Iranian Threat (Hoover 2013)."

Public service

Sofaer is a founding member and former Chairman of the National Jazz Museum in Harlem; he currently serves on its Board as Vice-Chair. He is a trustee of the Koret Foundation of San Francisco, a Fellow of the Israel Museum, and a member of the International Advisory Boards of the Israel Democracy Institute[2] and NGO Monitor.[3]


Sofaer's father was a cousin of the actor Abraham Sofaer. Their fathers, Meyer and Isaac were born in Rangoon, Burma, the descendants of Jewish immigrants from Baghdad, Iraq. They built a trading business there, the evidence of which can still be seen in the form of “Sofaer’s Building,” a large office and retail center located in the heart of Yangon and among the Colonial Era buildings that the city is attempting to restore.


Articles included "Taking The War To The Terrorists" in Forbes (10/08), "War of resources" about Hezbollah (8/06), and an online debate, "Should Dictators Be Put to Death?" with Kenneth Roth of Human Rights Watch, on the Council on Foreign Relations Web site (6/06).[4]

See also


  1. ^ a b Sofaer bio Hoover Institution. Retrieved 2-28-09.
  2. ^ Soafaer on the Israel Democracy Institute International Advisory Board pages
  3. ^ International Advisory Board of NGO Monitor
  4. ^ "Op-Ed Archive" Hoover Institution Web site. Retrieved 2-28-09.

External links

Legal offices
Preceded by
Davis Rowland Robinson
Legal Adviser of the Department of State
June 10, 1985 – June 15, 1990
Succeeded by
Edwin D. Williamson
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