World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Abortion in Albania

Article Id: WHEBN0025953330
Reproduction Date:

Title: Abortion in Albania  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Abortion in Bosnia and Herzegovina, Abortion in Montenegro, Abortion in Andorra, Abortion in Moldova, Abortion in Denmark
Collection: Abortion by Country, Abortion in Europe, Women in Albania
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Abortion in Albania

Abortion in Albania was fully legalized on December 7, 1995.[1] Abortion can be performed on demand until the twelfth week of pregnancy.[2] Women must undergo counseling for a week prior to the procedure, and hospitals which perform abortions are not allowed to release information to the public regarding which women they have treated.[2]

During the government of Enver Hoxha, Albania had a natalist policy,[2] leading women to have abortions performed illegally or inducing them on their own. Eventually the country had the second-highest maternal mortality rate in all of Europe, and it was estimated that 50% of all pregnancies ended in an abortion.[2] Women found guilty of aborting their pregnancies would either be shamed socially by the Communist Party or sent to work in a reeducation program.[2]

In 1989 abortion was legalized in the case of rape and incest or if the patient was under the age of 16.[2] In 1991 abortion-by-application was introduced, allowing women to terminate their pregnancies for a variety of reasons if a board of medical practitioners agreed it was the best decision.[2] The 1995 law nullifies all previous laws.[1]

As of 2010, the abortion rate was 9.2 abortions per 1000 women aged 15-44 years.[3]

References

  1. ^ a b Aborti - vrasje e fëmijës së palindur (in Albanian) Nr. 8045, data 07. 12. 1995, që është mbështetje e nenit të ligjit nr. 7491, të vitit 1991 "Për dispozitat kryesore kushtetuese" me propozimin e Këshillit të Ministrive, miratuar në Kuvendin Popullor të Shqipërisë.
  2. ^ a b c d e f g Albania - ABORTION POLICY - United Nations
  3. ^ "World Abortion Policies 2013". United Nations. 2013. Retrieved 3 March 2014. 


This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.