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Abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine

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Abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine

Abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine
Combination of
Abacavir Nucleotide analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor
Lamivudine Nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor
Zidovudine Nucleoside analogue reverse transcriptase inhibitor
Clinical data
Trade names Trizivir
AHFS/Drugs.com
MedlinePlus
Pregnancy
category
  • US: C (Risk not ruled out)
Legal status
Routes of
administration
Oral
Identifiers
CAS Registry Number  N
ATC code J05
ChemSpider  Y
NIAID ChemDB
 N   

Abacavir/lamivudine/zidovudine (INNs, trade name Trizivir) is a pharmaceutical treatment for HIV infection.[1] It is a fixed dose combination of three reverse transcriptase inhibitors patented by GlaxoSmithKline and now marketed by its joint venture with Pfizer, ViiV Healthcare:[2]

It is indicated in the treatment of AIDS/HIV.[3] For this purpose, the combination is very useful in pregnant women to decrease the risk of mother-to-child transmission.[4]

The combination of drugs helps to reduce HIV's resistance (through mutation) to the drugs individually. Of the three, AZT and ABC have passed out of United States patent protection.

In December 2013, Lupin Limited launched a generic version of Trizivir. [5][6]

See Also

References

  1. ^ Opravil, Milos; Hirschel, Bernard; Lazzarin, Adriano; Furrer, Hansjakob; Chave, Jean‐Philippe; Yerly, Sabine; Bisset, Leslie R.; Fischer, Marek; Vernazza, Pietro; Bernasconi, Enos; Battegay, Manuel; Ledergerber, Bruno; Günthard, Huldrych; Howe, Colin; Weber, Rainer; Perrin, Luc (May 2002). "A Randomized Trial of Simplified Maintenance Therapy with Abacavir, Lamivudine, and Zidovudine in Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection". The Journal of Infectious Diseases 185 (9): 1251–1260.  
  2. ^ InPharm.com: GlaxoSmithKline-Pfizer launch HIV joint venture
  3. ^ Drugs.com: Trizivir
  4. ^ Horvath, Tara; Madi, Banyana C; Iuppa, Irene M; Kennedy, Gail E; Rutherford, George W; Read, Jennifer S.; Horvath, Tara (2009). "Interventions for preventing late postnatal mother-to-child transmission of HIV" (1). pp. CD006734.  
  5. ^ Monthly Prescribing Reference (MPR): [3]
  6. ^ Lupin Pharma: [4]


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