World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

2012 Ecuadorian protests

Article Id: WHEBN0035012916
Reproduction Date:

Title: 2012 Ecuadorian protests  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: List of ongoing protests, 2011 Bolivian protests, 2011–12 Saudi Arabian protests, Environment of Ecuador, Dutch pupil strike
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

2012 Ecuadorian protests

2012 Ecuadorian protests
Date March 2012
Location  Ecuador
Causes Environmental degradation
Perceived threat to indigenous livelihoods
Mining concessions in the Amazon
Goals Laws protecting water resources
Consultation with indigenous communities over mining projects
Status Ongoing
Parties to the civil conflict
Lead figures

The 2012 Ecuadorian protests was a series of demonstrations by indigenous peoples who oppose the copper mining concessions in the province of Zamora-Chinchipe. On 22 March, the protesters reached the capital Quito to be met with counter protesters and warnings from the government and President Rafael Correa.

Background

The protests commenced in part due to an agreement between Ecuador and China's for a 25-year[1] investment contract of US$1.4 billion (£900m) El Pangui[2] for an open-cast industrial copper mining concession in the southeastern Amazonian region, including the province of Zamora-Chinchipe.[3] The march took place against Canada's Corriente Resources' Ecuacorriente's Mirador copper mine in Yantzaza.[4]

CONAIE, the umbrella organisation leading the protest march, claim to represent a third of Ecuador's 14 million population. CONAIE also supported Correa in the 2006 election when he won his first term,[3] as well as many of his programmes;[5] however they later accused him of favouring free market policies in disregards of his original intentions. In the past their protests have led to the removals of presidents Abdalá Bucaram in 1997 and Jamil Mahuad in 2000.[3]

Parallels

Similarly, in August 2011, protesters in Bolivia began a cross-country march against fellow pink tide President Evo Morales' initiative to build the Villa Tunari – San Ignacio de Moxos Highway through the Isiboro Sécure National Park and Indigenous Territory.[3] CONAIE also sent Morales a letter of concern.[6]

Goals

Humberto Cholango, the head of CONAIE, said that the protest did not seek to oust President Rafael Correa, but only to seek the passing of laws to protect water resources and consultation with indigenous groups over future mining projects.[3] CONAIE also said that many people would be forced off their land.[2] They also claimd the policy would lead to more mining concessions.[7] The protesters also seek Congress' denunciation of what they called the "criminalisation of social protest," the collection of new taxes and for the removal of "some" civil servants.[8]

Protest march

The provinces before ending in Quito, on 22 March[3] after the 700 kilometre march.[7] On 22 March, about 1,000 of the indigenous protesters entered Quito from the south with a giant rainbow flag. CONAIE's Humberto Cholango said that they had not "come to destabilise."[9]

Counter-protest

Nearly 10,000 Correa supporters were called out[10] outside the presidential palace in Quito on 8 February to show their support for the president.[3] As the protesters reached Quito on 22 March, the government of Ecuador called for guarding against a coup d'état. Correa spoke to his supporters, 500 of whom were indigenous protesters entering Quito from the north:[9]

We will never talk to the corrupt right, with the liars! [The indigenous should not] be used. We know that mining is necessary for modern life. As well as the raw materials, we need the revenue so that we can care for handicapped people, pay for social security, build roads. These are the best negotiated contracts ever in world history. We got as much out of them as was possible.

Responses

Zamora-Chinchipe's governor, Salvador Quishpe, said of the protesters planned expansion route that: "People are very motivated, there will always be more people in each village."

President Rafael Correa alleged that CONAIE sought to destabilise his government, while claiming the protest march would be a "resounding failure."[3] He also claimed the mine would help fund other development projects as roads, schools and hospitals.[2] Meanwhile he also called for further mobilisations til 22 March saying: "Resist peacefully, on March 8 we will gather in Independence Square and say, 'Here we are and this revolution does not stop anything or anyone!'"[4]

References

  1. ^ "Ecuador natives begin two-week march to protest Chinese mining companies". Globalpost.com. 29 November 2009. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  2. ^ a b c d "BBC News – Ecuador indigenous protesters march against mining". Bbc.co.uk. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  3. ^ a b c d e f g h "Native Ecuadorans protest Amazon mining – Americas". Al Jazeera English. 4 October 2011. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  4. ^ a b staff. "Indigenous Ecuadorians March Against Canadian Copper Mine". Ens-newswire.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  5. ^ "Ecuador: CONAIE Indigenous Movement Condemns President Correa". Upsidedownworld.org. 16 May 2008. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  6. ^ Rising, Bolivia (1 October 2011). "Bolivia Rising: Letter from CONAIE to Evo Morales regarding TIPNIS". Boliviarising.blogspot.in. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  7. ^ a b "Ecuador Indians begin protest march against land policy". FRANCE 24. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  8. ^ "AFP: Ecuador Indians march to protest Correa's land policies". Google.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
  9. ^ a b http://www.aljazeera.com/news/americas/2012/03/2012322212522359941.html
  10. ^ Hello, Guest. "Ecuador Amazon Indians in mine protest". UTSanDiego.com. Retrieved 2012-03-11. 
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.