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2010 Catalan autonomy protest

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2010 Catalan autonomy protest

2010 Catalan autonomy protest
The protest in the intersection of Passeig de Gràcia and Aragó Avenues.
Date 10 July 2010
Location Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain
Methods Protest march, street protest

The 2010 Catalan autonomy protest was a [2][3] while Madrid-based newspaper El País estimated the number of demonstrators at 425,000.[4] The mobilisation was described as "unprecedented" by the mayor of Barcelona.[5] The Barcelona daily newspaper El Periódico de Catalunya described it as "without a doubt one of the biggest protest marches that has ever occurred in Catalonia, possibly the biggest".[2]

The demonstration was led by a banner with the slogan in Catalan Som una nació. Nosaltres decidim. (in English, "We are a nation. We decide.").

Background

A new Statute of Autonomy for Catalonia was a key promise by Socialist candidate José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero in the run-up to the 2003 Catalan parliamentary election and the 2004 Spanish general elections.[3] The new Statute was approved by 91% of the Parliament of Catalonia, by the Cortes Generales (parliament of Spain), albeit in a curtailed form, and finally by the electors of Catalonia in a referendum on 18 June 2006 (73.24% in favour on a turnout of 48.85%).

Almost immediately, the opposition Spanish nationalist People's Party launched a legal challenge to declare unconstitutional much of the new Statute.[3] The opinion of the judges in the Constitutional Court was divided between "progressives", who felt the Statute was basically in line with Spain's 1978 Constitution, and "conservatives", who felt the Statute gave Catalonia far too much autonomy and so threatened the unity of the Spanish State. The debate went on for four years, with one judge dying in the meantime and four other judges continuing long after their terms of office had theoretically come to an end. A compromise was finally reached on 28 June 2010, and passed by six votes to four. The summary judgment published the same day revealed that the Court had declared parts of 14[6] out of 277 articles unconstitutional and would submit 27 more to restrictive "interpretation". The full judgment was released on 9 July 2010.[7]

Organisation of the protest

The protest was organised by the prominent Catalan cultural organisation [2] including four out of the six political parties represented in the Parliament of Catalonia (representing more than 85% of votes at the last parliamentary election), the two main trade unions (CCOO and Unión General de Trabajadores (UGT)), the main employers' federation (Cipec), and F.C. Barcelona.[3]

The march had been planned to start at 18:00 CEST (16:00 UTC) at the junction between the Avinguda Diagonal and the Passeig de Gràcia . It was then to have descended the Passeig de Gràcia to its junction with the Gran Via, before turning left and finishing at the Plaça de Tetuan , a distance of about 2 kilometres (1¼ miles).

Events on the day

People deploy a large Estelada flag and the slogan in English Catalonia is not Spain during the demonstration.

Well before 18:00, crowds had started to press down the Passeig de Gràcia from Diagonal, and many people were still moving up from the Els Segadors (the Catalan anthem) and the reading of a short manifesto – in a packed Plaça de Tetuan despite the absence of the official "head" of the march, and the demonstration started to disperse at around 20:00.[3]

Smaller parallel demonstrations by Catalan nationals living abroad also took place in London, Berlin, Brussels and other places.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ Catalan protesters rally for greater autonomy in Spain, BBC News, 10 July 2010 .
  2. ^ a b c d "La manifestació ha desbordat totes les previsions", El Periódico de Catalunya, 10 July 2010 . (Catalan)
  3. ^ a b c d e f "Un millón de personas inundan Barcelona en una histórica manifestación de rechazo a la sentencia contra el Estatut", La Vanguardia, 10 July 2010 
  4. ^ Cálculo de asistentes (Spanish)
  5. ^ """Hereu: "No hi ha precedent d'una mobilització així, El Periódico de Catalunya, 10 July 2010 . (Catalan)
  6. ^ Tribunal Constitucional de España. Sentencia RI 8045-2006 http://www.tribunalconstitucional.es/en/resolucionesrecientes/Documents/SENTENCIA_RI_8045-2006.pdf (Spanish)
  7. ^ "Els detalls de la sentència", El Periódico de Catalunya, 10 July 2010 . (Catalan)
  8. ^ http://www.lavanguardia.es/politica/noticias/20100710/53961777414/manifestaciones-en-berlin-londres-y-bruselas-contra-la-sentencia-del-constitucional-sobre-el-estatut.html

External links

  • The Demonstration web Somunanació.cat (Catalan)
  • Aerial video footage of the demonstration
  • 360° photography of the demonstration
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