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1998 World Cup

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1998 World Cup

This article is about the tournament. For the video game, see World Cup 98 (video game).

1998 FIFA World Cup
Coupe du Monde – France 98
1998 FIFA World Cup official logo
Tournament details
Host country France
Dates 10 June – 12 July
Teams 32 (from 5 confederations)
Venue(s) 10 (in 10 host cities)
Final positions
Champions  France (1st title)
Runners-up  Brazil
Third place  Croatia
Fourth place  Netherlands
Tournament statistics
Matches played 64
Goals scored 171 (2.67 per match)
Attendance 2,785,100 (43,517 per match)
Top scorer(s) Croatia Davor Šuker (6 goals)
Best player Brazil Ronaldo

The 1998 FIFA World Cup was the 16th FIFA World Cup, the world championship for men's national association football teams. It was held in France from 10 June to 12 July 1998. The country was chosen as the host nation by FIFA for the second time in the history of the tournament, defeating Morocco in the bidding process.

Qualification for the finals began in March 1996 and concluded in November 1997. For the first time in the competition, the group stage were expanded from 24 teams to 32, with eight groups of four. A total of 64 matches were played in 10 stadiums located across 10 different host cities, with the opening match and final staged at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis.

The tournament was won by France, who beat Brazil 3–0 in the final. France won their first title, becoming the seventh nation to win a World Cup, and the sixth (after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina) to win the tournament on home soil.

Host selection

Main article: FIFA World Cup hosts

France was awarded the 1998 World Cup on 2 July 1992 by the executive committee of FIFA during a general meeting in Zurich, Switzerland. They defeated Morocco by 12 votes to 7.[1][2] Switzerland withdrew, due to being unable to meet FIFA's requirements.

Voting results[3]
Country Round 1
France France 12
Morocco Morocco 7


The qualification draw for the 1998 World Cup finals took place in the Musée du Louvre, Paris on 12 December 1995.[4] As tournament hosts, France was exempt from the draw as was Brazil the defending champions. 174 teams from six confederations participated, up 24 from the previous round. In Europe, thirteen countries qualified excluding France, with nine by virtue of being group winners and the other eight group runners-up being drawn into pairs of four play-off matches – the winners of which qualifying for the finals.[5] Five places were granted by CONMEBOL and CAF each, the governing bodies of South America and Africa respectively while three spots were contested between 30 teams through CONCACAF – the governing body in North America, Central America and the Caribbean. The winner of the Oceanian zone advanced through to an intercontinental play-off against the runner-up of the Asian play-off, determined by the two best second placed teams.

Four nations qualified for the World Cup for the first time: Croatia, Jamaica, Japan and South Africa. The last team to qualify was Iran by virtue of beating Australia in a two-legged tie on 29 November 1997.[6] It marked their first appearance in the finals since 1978, the last time Tunisia also qualified for the tournament. Paraguay and Denmark qualified for the first time since 1986. Among the teams who failed to qualify were two-time winners Uruguay for the second successive tournament and Sweden who finished third in 1994. Russia failed to qualify for the first time since 1978, where they contested as the USSR, after losing to Italy in the play-off round.[7]

List of qualified teams

The following 32 teams, shown with final pre-tournament rankings,[8] qualified for the final tournament.



France's bid to host the World Cup centered on a national stadium with 80,000 seats and nine other stadiums located across the country.[9] When the finals were originally awarded in July 1992, none of the regional club grounds were of a capacity meeting FIFA's requirements – namely being able to safely seat 40,000.[9] The proposed national stadium, colloquially referred to as the 'Grand stade' met with controversy at every stage of planning; the stadium's location was determined by politics, finance and national symbolism.[10] As Mayor of Paris, Jacques Chirac successfully negotiated a deal with Prime Minister Édouard Balladur to bring the Stade de France – as it was named now, to the capital city.[10] Construction on the stadium started in December 1995 and was completed after 26 months of work in November 1997 at a cost of ₣2.67 million francs.[11]

The choice of stadium locations was drafted from an original list of 14 cities.[12] FIFA and CFO monitored the progress and quality of preparations, culminating in the former providing final checks of the grounds weeks before the tournament commenced. Montpellier was the surprise inclusion from the final list of cities because of its low urban hierarchy in comparison to Strasbourg, who boasted a better hierarchy and success from its local football team, having been taken over by a consortium. Montpellier however was considered ambitious by the selecting panel to host World Cup matches. The local city and regional authories in particular invested heavily into football the past two decades and were able to measure economic effects, in terms of jobs as early as in 1997.[13]

Ten stadiums in total were used for the finals; in addition to nine matches being played at the Stade de France, a further eight took place in the Parc des Princes.

Saint-Denis Marseille Paris Lyon
Stade de France Stade Vélodrome Parc des Princes Stade de Gerland
55|28|N|2|21|36|E|region:FR_type:landmark name=Stade de France


16|11|N|5|23|45|E|region:FR_type:landmark name=Stade Vélodrome


50|29|N|2|15|11|E|region:FR_type:landmark name=Parc des Princes


43|26|N|4|49|56|E|region:FR_type:landmark name=Stade Gerland


Capacity: 80,000 Capacity: 60,000 Capacity: 48,875 Capacity: 44,000
1998 FIFA World Cup (France)
Stade Félix Bollaert
25|58.26|N|2|48|53.47|E|region:FR_type:landmark name=Stade Félix Bollaert


Capacity: 41,300
Stade de la Beaujoire
15|20.27|N|1|31|31.35|W|region:FR_type:landmark name=Stade de la Beaujoire


Capacity: 39,500
Toulouse Saint-Étienne Bordeaux Montpellier
Stadium de Toulouse Stade Geoffroy-Guichard Parc Lescure Stade de la Mosson
34|59.93|N|1|26|2.57|E|region:FR_type:landmark name=Stadium de Toulouse


27|38.76|N|4|23|24.42|E|region:FR_type:landmark name=Stade Geoffroy-Guichard


49|45|N|0|35|52|W|region:FR_type:landmark name=Parc Lescure


37|19.85|N|3|48|43.28|E|region:FR_type:landmark name=Stade de la Mosson


Capacity: 37,000 Capacity: 36,000 Capacity: 35,200 Capacity: 34,000

Match officials

34 referees and 33 assistants officiated in the 1998 World Cup.[14] As a result of the extension to 32 teams in the finals, there was an increase of 10 referees and 11 officials from the 1994 World Cup.[14]


As with the preceding tournament, each team's squad for the 1998 World Cup finals consisted of 22 players. Each participating national association had to confirm their final 22-player squad by 1 June 1998.

Out of the 704 players participating in the 1998 World Cup, 447 were signed up with a European club; 90 in Asia, 67 in South America, 61 in Northern and Central America and 37 in Africa.[15] 75 played their club football in England – five more than Italy and Spain. FC Barcelona of Spain was the club contributing to the most players in the tournament with 13 players on their side.[15]

The average age of all teams was 27 years, 8 months – five months older than the previous tournament.[16] Samuel Eto'o of Cameroon was the youngest player selected in the competition at 17 years, 3 months while the oldest was Jim Leighton of Scotland at 39 years, 11 months.[16]

Group stage

All times local (CEST)/(UTC+2)

Key to colours in group tables
Group winners and runners-up advance to the Round of 16

Group A

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Brazil 3 2 0 1 6 3 +3 6
 Norway 3 1 2 0 5 4 +1 5
 Morocco 3 1 1 1 5 5 0 4
 Scotland 3 0 1 2 2 6 −4 1
10 June 1998
Brazil  2–1  Scotland Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Morocco  2–2  Norway Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
16 June 1998
Scotland  1–1  Norway Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Brazil  3–0  Morocco Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
23 June 1998
Brazil  1–2  Norway Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Scotland  0–3  Morocco Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne

Group B

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Italy 3 2 1 0 7 3 +4 7
 Chile 3 0 3 0 4 4 0 3
 Austria 3 0 2 1 3 4 −1 2
 Cameroon 3 0 2 1 2 5 −3 2
11 June 1998
Italy  2–2  Chile Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Cameroon  1–1  Austria Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
17 June 1998
Chile  1–1  Austria Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
Italy  3–0  Cameroon Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
23 June 1998
Italy  2–1  Austria Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Chile  1–1  Cameroon Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes

Group C

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 France 3 3 0 0 9 1 +8 9
 Denmark 3 1 1 1 3 3 0 4
 South Africa 3 0 2 1 3 6 −3 2
 Saudi Arabia 3 0 1 2 2 7 −5 1
12 June 1998
Saudi Arabia  0–1  Denmark Stade Félix Bollaert, Lens
France  3–0  South Africa Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
18 June 1998
South Africa  1–1  Denmark Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
France  4–0  Saudi Arabia Stade de France, Saint-Denis
24 June 1998
France  2–1  Denmark Stade Gerland, Lyon
South Africa  2–2  Saudi Arabia Parc Lescure, Bordeaux

Group D

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Nigeria 3 2 0 1 5 5 0 6
 Paraguay 3 1 2 0 3 1 +2 5
 Spain 3 1 1 1 8 4 +4 4
 Bulgaria 3 0 1 2 1 7 −6 1
12 June 1998
Paraguay  0–0  Bulgaria Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
13 June 1998
Spain  2–3  Nigeria Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
19 June 1998
Nigeria  1–0  Bulgaria Parc des Princes, Paris
Spain  0–0  Paraguay Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
24 June 1998
Nigeria  1–3  Paraguay Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Spain  6–1  Bulgaria Stade Félix Bollaert, Lens

Group E

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Netherlands 3 1 2 0 7 2 +5 5
 Mexico 3 1 2 0 7 5 +2 5
 Belgium 3 0 3 0 3 3 0 3
 South Korea 3 0 1 2 2 9 −7 1
13 June 1998
South Korea  1–3  Mexico Stade Gerland, Lyon
Netherlands  0–0  Belgium Stade de France, Saint-Denis
20 June 1998
Belgium  2–2  Mexico Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Netherlands  5–0  South Korea Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
25 June 1998
Netherlands  2–2  Mexico Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
Belgium  1–1  South Korea Parc des Princes, Paris

Group F

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Germany 3 2 1 0 6 2 +4 7
 Yugoslavia 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 7
 Iran 3 1 0 2 2 4 −2 3
 United States 3 0 0 3 1 5 −4 0
14 June 1998
Yugoslavia  1–0  Iran Stade Geoffroy-Guichard, Saint-Étienne
15 June 1998
Germany  2–0  United States Parc des Princes, Paris
21 June 1998
Germany  2–2  Yugoslavia Stade Félix Bollaert, Lens
United States  1–2  Iran Stade Gerland, Lyon
25 June 1998
United States  0–1  Yugoslavia Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
Germany  2–0  Iran Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier

Group G

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Romania 3 2 1 0 4 2 +2 7
 England 3 2 0 1 5 2 +3 6
 Colombia 3 1 0 2 1 3 −2 3
 Tunisia 3 0 1 2 1 4 −3 1
15 June 1998
England  2–0  Tunisia Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Romania  1–0  Colombia Stade Gerland, Lyon
22 June 1998
Colombia  1–0  Tunisia Stade de la Mosson, Montpellier
Romania  2–1  England Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
26 June 1998
Colombia  0–2  England Stade Félix Bollaert, Lens
Romania  1–1  Tunisia Stade de France, Saint-Denis

Group H

Team Pld W D L GF GA GD Pts
 Argentina 3 3 0 0 7 0 +7 9
 Croatia 3 2 0 1 4 2 +2 6
 Jamaica 3 1 0 2 3 9 −6 3
 Japan 3 0 0 3 1 4 −3 0
14 June 1998
Argentina  1–0  Japan Stade de Toulouse, Toulouse
Jamaica  1–3  Croatia Stade Félix Bollaert, Lens
20 June 1998
Japan  0–1  Croatia Stade de la Beaujoire, Nantes
21 June 1998
Argentina  5–0  Jamaica Parc des Princes, Paris
26 June 1998
Argentina  1–0  Croatia Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Japan  1–2  Jamaica Stade Gerland, Lyon

Knockout stage

The knockout stage comprised the sixteen teams that advanced from the group stage of the tournament. There were four rounds of matches, with each round eliminating half of the teams entering that round. The successive rounds were the round of 16, quarter-finals, semi-finals, and the final. There was also a play-off to decide third and fourth place. For each game in the knockout stage, any draw at 90 minutes was followed by thirty minutes of extra time; if scores were still level, there was a penalty shootout to determine who progressed to the next round. Golden goal comes into play if a team scores during extra time, thus becoming the winner which concludes the game.

Round of 16 Quarter-finals Semi-finals Final
27 June – Paris            
  Brazil  4
3 July – Nantes
  Chile  1  
  Brazil  3
28 June – Saint-Denis
    Denmark  2  
  Nigeria  1
7 July – Marseille
  Denmark  4  
  Brazil (pen.)  1 (4)
29 June – Toulouse
    Netherlands  1 (2)  
  Netherlands  2
4 July – Marseille
  Yugoslavia  1  
  Netherlands  2
30 June – St. Étienne
    Argentina  1  
  Argentina (pen.)  2 (4)
12 July – Saint-Denis
  England  2 (3)  
  Brazil  0
27 June – Marseille
    France  3
  Italy  1
3 July – Saint-Denis
  Norway  0  
  Italy  0 (3)
28 June – Lens
    France (pen.)  0 (4)  
  France (a.e.t.)  1
8 July – Saint-Denis
  Paraguay  0  
  France  2
29 June – Montpellier
    Croatia  1   Third place
  Germany  2
4 July – Lyon 11 July – Paris
  Mexico  1  
  Germany  0   Netherlands  1
30 June – Bordeaux
    Croatia  3     Croatia  2
  Romania  0
  Croatia  1  

Round of 16

27 June 1998
Italy  1–0  Norway
Vieri Goal 18' Report
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Bernd Heynemann (Germany)

27 June 1998
Brazil  4–1  Chile
César Sampaio Goal 11'27'
Ronaldo Goal 45+1' (pen.)70'
Report Salas Goal 68'
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,500
Referee: Marc Batta (France)

28 June 1998
France  1–0 (a.e.t.)  Paraguay
Blanc Golden goal in the 113th minute 113' Report

28 June 1998
Nigeria  1–4  Denmark
Babangida Goal 78' Report Møller Goal 3'
B. Laudrup Goal 12'
Sand Goal 60'
Helveg Goal 76'
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 77,000
Referee: Urs Meier (Switzerland)

29 June 1998
Germany  2–1  Mexico
Klinsmann Goal 75'
Bierhoff Goal 86'
Report Hernández Goal 47'

29 June 1998
Netherlands  2–1  Yugoslavia
Bergkamp Goal 38'
Davids Goal 90+2'
Report Komljenović Goal 48'

30 June 1998
Romania  0–1  Croatia
Report Šuker Goal 45+2' (pen.)
Parc Lescure, Bordeaux
Attendance: 31,800
Referee: Javier Castrilli (Argentina)

30 June 1998
Argentina  2–2 (a.e.t.)  England
Batistuta Goal 6' (pen.)
Zanetti Goal 45+1'
Report Shearer Goal 10' (pen.)
Owen Goal 16'
Berti Penalty scored
Crespo Penalty missed
Verón Penalty scored
Gallardo Penalty scored
Ayala Penalty scored
4–3 Penalty scored Shearer
Penalty missed Ince
Penalty scored Merson
Penalty scored Owen
Penalty missed Batty


3 July 1998
Italy  0–0 (a.e.t.)  France
R. Baggio Penalty scored
Albertini Penalty missed
Costacurta Penalty scored
Vieri Penalty scored
Di Biagio Penalty missed
3–4 Penalty scored Zidane
Penalty missed Lizarazu
Penalty scored Trezeguet
Penalty scored Henry
Penalty scored Blanc
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 77,000
Referee: Hugh Dallas (Scotland)

3 July 1998
Brazil  3–2  Denmark
Bebeto Goal 11'
Rivaldo Goal 27'60'
Report Jørgensen Goal 2'
B. Laudrup Goal 50'

4 July 1998
Netherlands  2–1  Argentina
Kluivert Goal 12'
Bergkamp Goal 89'
Report López Goal 18'
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 55,000
Referee: Arturo Brizio Carter (Mexico)

4 July 1998
Germany  0–3  Croatia
Report Jarni Goal 45+3'
Vlaović Goal 80'
Šuker Goal 85'
Stade Gerland, Lyon
Attendance: 39,100
Referee: Rune Pedersen (Norway)


7 July 1998
Brazil  1–1 (a.e.t.)  Netherlands
Ronaldo Goal 46' Report Kluivert Goal 87'
Ronaldo Penalty scored
Rivaldo Penalty scored
Emerson Penalty scored
Dunga Penalty scored
4–2 Penalty scored F. de Boer
Penalty scored Bergkamp
Penalty missed Cocu
Penalty missed R. de Boer
Stade Vélodrome, Marseille
Attendance: 54,000
Referee: Ali Bujsaim (United Arab Emirates)

8 July 1998
France  2–1  Croatia
Thuram Goal 47'69' Report Šuker Goal 46'

Third place match

Croatia beat the Netherlands to earn third place in the competition. Davor Šuker scored the winner in the 35th minute to secure the golden boot.[17]

11 July 1998
Netherlands  1–2  Croatia
Zenden Goal 21' Report Prosinečki Goal 13'
Šuker Goal 35'
Parc des Princes, Paris
Attendance: 45,000
Referee: Epifanio González (Paraguay)


The final was held on 12 July 1998 at the Stade de France, Saint-Denis. France defeated holders Brazil 3–0, with two goals from Zinedine Zidane and a stoppage time strike from Emmanuel Petit. The win gave France their first World Cup title, becoming the sixth national team after Uruguay, Italy, England, West Germany and Argentina to win the tournament on their home soil. They also inflicted the heaviest defeat on Brazil since 1930.[18]

The pre-match build up was dominated by the omission of Brazilian striker Ronaldo from the starting lineup only to be reinstated 45 minutes before kick-off.[19] He managed to create the first open chance for Brazil in the 22nd minute, dribbling past defender Thuram before sending a cross out on the left side that goalkeeper Fabian Barthez struggled to hold onto. France however took the lead after Brazilian defender Roberto Carlos conceded a corner which Zidane scored via a header. Three minutes before half-time, Zidane scored his second goal of the match, similarly another header from a corner. The tournament hosts went down to ten men in the 68th minute as Marcel Desailly was sent off for a second bookable offence. Brazil reacted to this by making an attacking substitution and although they applied pressure France sealed the win with a third goal: substitute Patrick Vieira set up his club teammate Petit in a counterattack to shoot low past goalkeeper Cláudio Taffarel.[20]

French president Jacques Chirac was in attendance to congratulate and commiserate the winners and runners-up respectively after the match.[21] Several days after the victory, winning manager Aimé Jacquet announced his resignation from the French team with immediate effect.[22][23]

12 July 1998
Brazil  0–3  France
Report Zidane Goal 27'45+1'
Petit Goal 90+3'
Stade de France, Saint-Denis
Attendance: 80,000
Referee: Said Belqola (Morocco)



6 goals
5 goals
4 goals
3 goals

2 goals

1 goal

Own goals
Players who were red-carded during the tournament


Golden Shoe winner Golden Ball winner Yashin Award FIFA Fair Play Trophy Most Entertaining Team
Croatia Davor Šuker Brazil Ronaldo France Fabien Barthez  England

All-star team

Goalkeepers Defenders Midfielders Forwards

France Fabien Barthez
Paraguay José Luis Chilavert

Brazil Roberto Carlos
France Marcel Desailly
France Lilian Thuram
Netherlands Frank de Boer
Paraguay Carlos Gamarra

Brazil Dunga
Brazil Rivaldo
Denmark Michael Laudrup
France Zinedine Zidane
Netherlands Edgar Davids

Brazil Ronaldo
Croatia Davor Šuker
Denmark Brian Laudrup
Netherlands Dennis Bergkamp

Post-tournament team ranking

After the tournament, FIFA published a ranking of all teams that competed in the 1998 World Cup finals based on progress in the competition, overall results and quality of the opposition.[24]


  1.  France
  2.  Brazil

3rd and 4th place

  1.  Croatia
  2.  Netherlands

Eliminated in the quarter-finals

  1.  Italy
  2.  Argentina
  3.  Germany
  4.  Denmark

Eliminated in the round of 16

  1.  England
  2.  Yugoslavia
  3.  Romania
  4.  Nigeria
  5.  Mexico
  6.  Paraguay
  7.  Norway
  8.  Chile

Eliminated at the group stage

  1.  Spain
  2.  Morocco
  3.  Belgium
  4.  Iran
  5.  Colombia
  6.  Jamaica
  7.  Austria
  8.  South Africa
  9.  Cameroon
  10.  Tunisia
  11.  Scotland
  12.  Saudi Arabia
  13.  Bulgaria
  14.  South Korea
  15.  Japan
  16.  United States



The official mascot was Footix, a cockerel first presented in May 1996.[25] It was created by graphic designer Fabrice Pialot and selected from a shortlist of five mascots.[26] Research carried out about the choice of having a cockerel as a mascot was greatly received: 91% associated it immediately with France, the traditional symbol of the nation.[25] Footix, the name chosen by French television viewers is a portmanteau of "football" and the ending "-ix" from the popular Astérix comic strip.[25] The mascot's colours reflect those of the host nation's flag and home strip – blue for the jump suit, a red crest and with the words 'France 98' coloured in white.

Official song

The official song of the 1998 FIFA World Cup was "The Cup of Life," aka "La Copa de la Vida" recorded by Ricky Martin.[27]

Match ball

Main article: Adidas Tricolore

The match ball for the 1998 World Cup, manufactured by Adidas was named the Tricolore, meaning 'three-coloured' in French.[28] It was the eighth World Cup match ball made for the tournament by the German company and was the first in the series to be multi-coloured. [29] The tricolour flag and cockerel, traditional symbols of France were used as inspiration for the design.[29]



Main article: 1998 FIFA World Cup broadcasting rights

Video games

The official video game, World Cup 98 was released by EA Sports on 13 March 1998 for Microsoft Windows, PlayStation, Nintendo 64 and the Game Boy. It was the first international football game developed by Electronic Arts since obtaining the rights from FIFA in 1997 and received mostly favourable reviews.[30][31][32]

Many other video games, including International Superstar Soccer 98, World League Soccer 98, Actua Soccer 2 and Neo Geo Cup '98: The Road to the Victory were released in the build up to the 1998 World Cup and evidently were based on the tournament. FIFA: Road to World Cup 98, also by EA Sports focused on the qualification stage.


Honorary FIFA President João Havelange praised France's hosting of the World Cup, describing the tournament as one that would "remain with me forever, as I am sure they will remain with everyone who witnessed this unforgettable competition".[33] Lennart Johansson, the chairman of the organising committee for the World Cup and President of UEFA added that France provided "subject matter of a quality that made the world hold its breath".[34]

Cour des Comptes, the quasi-judicial body of the French government released its report on the organisation of the 1998 World Cup in 2000.[35]

See also



External links

  • 1998 FIFA World Cup on
  • RSSSF Archive of finals
  • Planet World Cup – France 1998
  • RSSSF Archive of qualifying rounds
  • 1998 FIFA World Cup at the BBC (Archived)
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