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Ștefan Vodă District

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Ștefan Vodă District

Ștefan Vodă
District (Raion)
Flag of Ștefan Vodă
Flag
Coat of arms of Ștefan Vodă
Coat of arms
Location of Ștefan Vodă
Country  Republic of Moldova
Administrative center
(Oraș-reședință)

Ștefan Vodă
Government
 • Raion President Vasile Buzu (PDM), since 2011
Area
 • Total 998 km2 (385 sq mi)
Population (2012)
 • Total 71,500
 • Density 71.6/km2 (185/sq mi)
Time zone EET (UTC+2)
 • Summer (DST) EEST (UTC+3)
Postal Code 242
Area code(s) +373 42
Car plates SV
Website www.stefanvoda.md

Ștefan Vodă is a district (Moldovan: raion) in the south-east of Moldova, with the administrative center at Ștefan Vodă. As of 1 January 2011, its population was 71,900. The city situated 100 km from Chișinău and 100 km from Odessa, Ukraine.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
    • Climate 2.1
    • Fauna 2.2
    • Flora 2.3
    • Rivers 2.4
  • Administrative subdivisions 3
  • Demographics 4
    • Ethnic groups 4.1
    • Religion 4.2
  • Economy 5
  • Education 6
  • Politics 7
    • Elections 7.1
  • Culture 8
  • Education 9
  • References 10

History

Localities with the earliest documentary attestation are: Cioburciu, Olanesti, Carahasani, hardcore first certified locations in 1405-1456. In the 16th-18th centuries, develop intense agriculture, an important wine-making industries and population growth attests. In 1812, after the Russo-Turkish War (1806-1812), is the occupation of Basarabia, Russian Empire during this period (1812–1917), there is an intense russification of the native population. In 1918, after the collapse of the Russian Empire, Bessarabia united with Romania in this period (1918–1940, 1941–1944), the district is part of the Cetatea-Albă County. In 1940, after Molotov-Ribbentrop Treaty, Basarabia is occupied by the USSR. In 1991 as a result of the proclamation of Independence of Moldova, part and residence of the Tighina County (1991–2003), and in 2003 became administrative unit of Moldova.

Geography

Stefan Vodă district is located in south-eastern part of the Republic of Moldova. Neighborhood has the following districts: Causeni District in the northwest, Slobozia District in the northeast, and the state border with Ukraine in the south and east. The landscape is predominantly plain, slightly fractured, the highest altitude around 210–230 m in the western part of district. Minimum altitude 2–5 m in the Lower Nistru Plain. Erosion processes with a low intensity.

Climate

Temperate continental climate with an annual average district temperature +10.5+11 c. July average temperature +22+23 C, of January -4 C. Annual precipitation 450–550 mm. Average wind speed 3–5 m \ s.

Fauna

Typical European fauna, with the presence of such mammals such as foxes, hedgehogs, deer, wild boar, polecat, wild cat, ermine and others. Of birds: partridges, crows, eagles, starling, swallow and more.

Flora

Forests of the district are complemented by tree species such as oak, ash, hornbeam, linden, maple, walnut and others. From plants: wormwood, knotweed, fescue, nettle and many others.

Rivers

Stefan Vodă district is located in the basin of the Nistru River, which crosses the district in the north-eastern part of district. Tributaries of the Nistru here are usually short. The area has numerous artificial lakes.

Administrative subdivisions

  • Localities: 26
    • Administrative center: Ștefan Vodă
      • Cities: Ștefan Vodă
        • Villages: 3
          • Communes: 22

Demographics

1 January 2012 the district population was 71,500 of which 12.1% urban and 87.9% rural population

  • Births (2010): 832 (11.5 per 1000)
  • Deaths (2010): 950 (13.2 per 1000)
  • Growth rate (2010): -118 (-1.6 per 1000)

Ethnic groups

Ethnic group Population % of total*
Moldovans (Romanians) 65,880 93.32%
Ukrainians 2,182 3.09%
Russians 1,918 2.72%
Gypsies 219 0.31%
Bulgarians 145 0.21%
Gagauzians 64 0.08%
Others 186 0.27%

Religion

Economy

Purcari wine factory

In the district of Stefan Voda district are total 14,469 registered businesses. The share of agricultural land is 65,199 ha (65.3%) of total land area. The arable land occupies 55 542 ha (55.6%) of the total agricultural land, including 4977 ha (5.0%) vines, 3237 ha (3.2%) orchards, pastures 1398 ha (1.4%). Main crops: cereals (wheat, oats), sunflower, canola, soybeans, vegetables.

Education

Stefan Voda district are 63 educational institutions, including 31 kindergartens, 30 primary and secondary education, a vocational school. In schools with training and education are included in total 13,673 students, including 2,839 children in kindergartens in schools, 10,284 university students, 354 students in vocational schools, 196 vocational school students. Nowadays in education, the 1264 district teachers operate.

Politics

Stefan Voda district granted priority mainly right-wing parties. In Moldova represented by the AEI. PCRM is a continuous fall in percentage the last three elections.

During the last three elections AEI had an increase of 107.6%
Parliament elections results
Year AEI PCRM
2010 60.36% 18,311 32.96% 9,998
July 2009 52.73% 15,925 36.52% 11,029
April 2009 29.46% 8,820 46.92% 14,050

Elections

  Summary of 28 November 2010 Parliament of Moldova election results in Stefan Voda District
Parties and coalitions Votes % +/−
Liberal Democratic Party of Moldova 11,759 38.76 +17.07
Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova 9,998 32.96 −3.56
Democratic Party of Moldova 3,497 11,53 +2.84
Liberal Party 2,263 7.46 −6.85
Party Alliance Our Moldova 792 2.61 −5.43
United Moldova 391 1.29 +1.29
Humanist Party of Moldova 324 1.07 +1.07
Other Party 1,323 4.32 -6.43
Total (turnout 56.29%) 30,628 100.00


Culture

In district active: 26 culture houses, 2 museums, 86 artistic bands including 26 bands holding the title of the band model, 37 public libraries.

Education

In Stefan Voda district works: a hospital with 220 beds general fund, a center of family doctor's in the composition of which included: 13 health center's, nine family doctors office. The population of the district health care operates 110 medical personnel 354 average, 260 nurses and auxiliary health personnel.

References

  • Descrierea generală a raionului Ştefan Vodă
  • Discuție:Raionul Ștefan Vodă
  • District population per year
  • Rezultatele alegerilor din 28 noiembrie 2010 în raionul Ştefan Vodă

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