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Ōsaka Prefecture

Osaka Prefecture
Japanese transcription(s)
 • Japanese 大阪府
 • Rōmaji Ōsaka-fu

Symbol of Osaka Prefecture

Coordinates: 34°41′11″N 135°31′12″E / 34.68639°N 135.52000°E / 34.68639; 135.52000Coordinates: 34°41′11″N 135°31′12″E / 34.68639°N 135.52000°E / 34.68639; 135.52000

Country Japan
Region Kansai
Island Honshu
Capital Osaka
Government
 • Governor Ichirō Matsui
Area
 • Total 1,899.28 km2 (733.32 sq mi)
Area rank 46th
Population (January 1, 2012)
 • Total 8,864,228
 • Rank 3rd
 • Density 4,700/km2 (12,000/sq mi)
ISO 3166 code JP-27
Districts 5
Municipalities 43
Flower Japanese apricot (Prunus mume)
Primrose (Primula sieboldii)
Tree Ginkgo tree (Ginkgo biloba)
Bird Bull-headed shrike (Lanius bucephalus)
Website

Osaka Prefecture (大阪府 Ōsaka-fu?) is a prefecture located in the Kansai region on Honshu, the main island of Japan.[1] The capital is the city of Osaka. It is the center of Osaka-Kobe-Kyoto area.[2]

History

Until the Meiji Restoration, the area of Osaka prefecture was known as Kawachi, Izumi and Settsu provinces.[3]

Osaka Prefecture was created in 1868, at the very beginning of the Meiji era.[4]

On September 1, 1956, the city of Osaka was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into 24 wards.

In 2000, Fusae Ota became Japan's first female governor when she replaced Knock Yokoyama, who resigned after prosecution for sexual harassment.[5]

On April 1, 2006: the city of Sakai was promoted to a city designated by government ordinance and thereby divided into seven wards.

In 2008, Tōru Hashimoto, previously famous as a counselor on television, was elected at the age of 38 as the youngest governor in Japan.

Reform

Main article: Osaka Metropolis plan

In 2010, the Osaka Restoration Association was created with backing by Governor Tōru Hashimoto, attempting to reform Osaka Prefecture into Osaka Metropolis reducing affiliated organizations of Osaka Prefecture and the City of Osaka.

In the 2011 local elections the association was able to win the majority of the prefectural seats.


Geography

Osaka Prefecture neighbors the prefectures of Hyōgo and Kyoto in the north, Nara in the east and Wakayama in the south. The west is open to Osaka Bay. The Yodo and Yamato Rivers flow through the prefecture.

Prior to the construction of Kansai International Airport, Osaka was the smallest prefecture in Japan. The artificial island on which the airport was built added enough area to make it slightly larger than Kagawa Prefecture.[6][7]

As of 1 April 2012, 11% of the total land area of the prefecture was designated as Natural Parks, namely Kongō-Ikoma-Kisen and Meiji no Mori Minō Quasi-National Parks and Hokusetsu and Hannan-Misaki Prefectural Natural Parks.[8]

Cities



Thirty-three cities are located in Osaka Prefecture:

Towns and villages

These are the towns and villages in each district:

Mergers

Economy





The gross prefecture product of Osaka for the fiscal year 2004 was ¥38.7 trillion, second after Tokyo with an increase of 0.9% from the previous year. This represented approximately 48% of the Kinki region. The per capita income was ¥3.0 million, seventh in the nation.[9] Commercial sales the same year was ¥60.1 trillion.[10]

Overshadowed by such globally renowned electronics giants as Panasonic and Sharp, the other side of Osaka's economy can be characterized by its Small and Medium Enterprises (SMEs) activities. The number of SMEs based in Osaka in 2006 was 330,737, accounting for 99.6% of the total number of businesses in the prefecture.[11] While this proportion is similar to other prefectures (the average nationwide was 99.7%), the manufactured output of the SMEs amounted to 65.4% of the total within the prefecture, a rate significantly higher than Tokyo's 55.5%, or Kanagawa's 38.4%.[12] One model from Osaka of serving the public interest and restimulting the regional economy combined with industry-education cooperation efforts is the Astro-Technology SOHLA,[13] with is struggling artificial satellite project.[14] Having originally started from a gathering of Higashiosaka based SMEs, Astro-Technology SOHLA, has not only grown into a Kansai region- wide group but has also won the support from the government, through technology and material support from Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency (JAXA),[15] and financial support from NEDO.[16][17]

The Osaka Securities Exchange, specializing in derivatives such as Nikkei 225 Futures, is based in Osaka.

There are many electrical, chemical,pharmaceutical, heavy industry, food, and housing companies in Osaka Prefecture.

Major companies

Major factories and research institutes

Demographics

According to the 2005 Population Census of Japan, Osaka prefecture has a population of 8,817,166, an increase of 12,085, or 0.14%, since the Census of year 2000.[18]

Culture

Temples and Shrines

Museums

  • National Museum of Ethnology, Japan [2]
  • Open-Air Museum of Old Japanese Farm Houses (Hattori Ryokuchi Park)
  • OSTEC (Osaka Science and Technology Center) Exhibition Hall
  • [3]

Universities in Osaka Prefecture

Parks

  • Tsurumi Ryokuchi Park (Osaka city) About 100 ha.It was held Expo '90 of horticulture.[19]

Transportation

Rail

People Mover

Road

Expressway

National Highway

  • Route 1
  • Route 2
  • Route 25
  • Route 26
  • Route 43
  • Route 163
  • Route 165
  • Route 166
  • Route 168
  • Route 170
  • Route 171
  • Route 173
  • Route 176
  • Route 307
  • Route 308
  • Route 309
  • Route 310
  • Route 371
  • Route 423
  • Route 477
  • Route 479
  • Route 480
  • Route 481

Airport

Sports

The sports teams listed below are based in Osaka.

Football (soccer)

Baseball

Basketball

Volleyball

Rugby union

Transportation

Osaka Prefecture has three airports (Kansai International Airport, Osaka International Airport, and Yao Airport).

For more information about the railroad system, see Category:Rail transport in Osaka Prefecture (Osaka mass transit ).

Education

Public elementary and junior high schools in the prefecture are operated by the municipalities. Public high schools are operated by the Osaka Prefectural Board of Education.

Friendship relationships

Osaka Prefecture has sister-city type relationships with these ten locations:[20]

Prefectural symbols

The symbol of Osaka Prefecture, called the sennari byōtan or "thousand gourds," was originally the crest of Toyotomi Hideyoshi, the feudal lord of Osaka Castle.

Miscellanea

See also

  • Politics of Osaka
  • Osaka Metropolis plan

Notes

References

  • Nussbaum, Louis-Frédéric and Käthe Roth. (2005). OCLC 58053128

External links

  • Official Osaka Prefecture homepage
  • Osaka Tourism & Convention Guidance homepage
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