Çankiri

For other uses, see Changra (disambiguation).

Çankırı

Interior view of the central dome of Çankırı Great Mosque
Çankırı
Çankırı

Coordinates: 40°36′00″N 33°37′00″E / 40.60000°N 33.61667°E / 40.60000; 33.61667Coordinates: 40°36′00″N 33°37′00″E / 40.60000°N 33.61667°E / 40.60000; 33.61667

Country Turkey
Province Çankırı
Government
 • Mayor İrfan Dinç (AKP)
AreaTemplate:Turkey district areas
 • District Template:Turkey district areas km2 (Formatting error: invalid input when rounding sq mi)
Population (Template:Turkey district populations)Template:Turkey district populations
 • Urban Template:Turkey district populations
 • District Template:Turkey district populations
Website

Çankırı is capital city of Çankırı Province, in Turkey, about 140 km (87 mi) northeast of Ankara. It is situated in a rich well-watered valley, at about 800 m (2500 ft) in elevation.

History

It was known in antiquity as Gangra, then Germanicopolis (Greek: Γερμανικόπολις) for a period, although Ptolemy calls it Germanopolis (Greek: Γερμανόπολις),[1] then Changra, Kandari, or Kanghari.

The settlement witnessed the hegemony of many cultures and races, such as Hittites, Persians, Ancient Greeks, Parthians, Pontic Greeks, Galatians, Romans and Byzantine Greeks, up to Seljuks and finally the Ottoman Turks, and the traces from its long past stand all over the area.

Gangra, the capital of the Paphlagonian kingdom of Deiotarus Philadelphus, son of Castor, was absorbed into the Roman province of Galatia on his death in 65 BC. The earlier town, the name of which signified she-goat, was built on the hill behind the modern city, on which are the ruins of a late fortress; while the Roman city occupied the site of the modern. It was named Germanicopolis, after Germanicus or possibly the emperor Claudius, until the time of Caracalla.

In Christian times Gangra was the metropolitan see of Paphlagonia. Hypatios, considered a saint in the Orthodox tradition, was bishop there. He was killed by Arianians on return from the Council of Nicaea (325) in which he took part.

In the 4th century the town was the scene of an important ecclesiastical synod, the Synod of Gangra. Conjectures as to the date of this synod vary from 341 to 376. All that can be affirmed with certainty is that it was held about the middle of the 4th century. The synodal letter states that twenty-one bishops assembled to take action concerning Eustathius of Sebaste[2] and his followers, who condemned marriage, disparaged the offices of the church, held conventicles of their own, wore a peculiar dress, denounced riches, and affected especial sanctity. The synod condemned the Eustathian practices, declaring however, with remarkable moderation, that it was not virginity that was condemned, but the dishonouring of marriage; not poverty, but the disparagement of honest and benevolent wealth; not asceticism, but spiritual pride; not individual piety, but dishonouring the house of God. The twenty canons of Gangra were declared ecumenical by the Council of Chalcedon, 451.

Climate

Çankırı has a continental climate (Köppen climate classification Dsa). Summers are hot and dry and winters are cold and snowy.

Climate data for Çankırı
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 15.4
(59.7)
19.2
(66.6)
27.8
(82)
30.6
(87.1)
34.8
(94.6)
39.6
(103.3)
42.4
(108.3)
41.2
(106.2)
37.8
(100)
34.2
(93.6)
24.4
(75.9)
17.6
(63.7)
42.4
(108.3)
Average high °C (°F) 3.4
(38.1)
6.1
(43)
12.2
(54)
17.8
(64)
22.8
(73)
27.2
(81)
31.1
(88)
31.3
(88.3)
26.8
(80.2)
20.1
(68.2)
11.6
(52.9)
5.3
(41.5)
17.98
(64.35)
Average low °C (°F) −4.2
(24.4)
−3.3
(26.1)
−0.3
(31.5)
4.4
(39.9)
8.2
(46.8)
11.7
(53.1)
14.2
(57.6)
13.8
(56.8)
9.5
(49.1)
5.2
(41.4)
0.4
(32.7)
−2.0
(28.4)
4.8
(40.65)
Record low °C (°F) −23.4
(−10.1)
−23.9
(−11)
−20.5
(−4.9)
−8.9
(16)
−3.0
(26.6)
2.5
(36.5)
4.3
(39.7)
5.6
(42.1)
−1.0
(30.2)
−6.3
(20.7)
−10.5
(13.1)
−18.8
(−1.8)
−23.9
(−11)
Precipitation mm (inches) 41.3
(1.626)
28.4
(1.118)
32.6
(1.283)
48.9
(1.925)
53.7
(2.114)
38.3
(1.508)
22.7
(0.894)
16.8
(0.661)
17.3
(0.681)
33.1
(1.303)
29.9
(1.177)
45.5
(1.791)
408.5
(16.081)
Avg. rainy days 11.2 9.4 8.9 12.0 13.1 10.0 5.0 4.0 4.6 7.2 8.1 10.5 104
Mean monthly sunshine hours 62 92.4 158.1 177 241.8 282 322.4 306.9 252 182.9 108 52.7 2,238.2
Source: Devlet Meteoroloji İşleri Genel Müdürlüğü [3]

Economy

Agriculture

Various produce like wheat, corn, beans, and apples are grown in the farms and fields.

Industry

Most of the industry is located near the city center and Korgun. Other towns that are in the industrial map of the city are Şabanözü, Çerkeş, Ilgaz, Kurşunlu, and Yapraklı.

See also

References

  • Template:1911
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