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'Abu'l Hasan 'Ali I

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'Abu'l Hasan 'Ali I

Abu l-Hasan Ali I (Arabic: أبو الحسن علي باش‎; 30 June 1688 – 22 September 1756) was the second leader of the Husainid Dynasty and the ruler of Tunisia from 1735 until his death.

Biography

He was a grandson of Ali Turki, governor of Kef, and the nephew of Husayn I Bey. After the latter came to power in 1705, he was appointed governor of Sousse and then named heir apparent (1706). In 1724 he obtained the title of pasha by the Ottoman sultan.

Two year later, Husayn replaced him as heir with his son Muhammad; Ali therefore revolted, and, with the help of the dey of Algiers, defeated Husayn in 1735. Soon after his entrance in Tunis, however, he was forced to pay a large indemnity to the Algerian troops camped under the city's walls, amounting to the load of 35 mules in silver, and to promise a yearly tribute of 50,000 rials to the dey.

Husayn, who had fled to Kairouan and tried to keep governing on Sousse and the Tunisian Sahel. Ali ordered his son Younes to besiege him. Husayn was captured and executed in 1740, but the latter's sons, Muhammad and Ali, fled and continued the civil war, one from Constantine and the other from Algiers.

In 1741 Ali conquered the island of Tabarka from the Republic of Genoa, deporting 1,500 Christians to Tunis. In the same year he sent an expedition against the French Cap Nègre, which was captured by his son Younes.

In his late years Ali had to face two rebellions. The first one was that led by Younes himself, who was able to seize Tunis, having the local authorities to proclaim him bey. Ali besieged him in the citadel, and forced him to flee to Algiers. The second came from the sons of Husayn, who were able to gain support from the dey of Algiers and invaded Tunisia with an army led by the dey of Constantine. The army reached Tunis, whose walls Ali had restored and stranghtened with a ditch in the meantime. However, this did not prevent the Algerians to storm the city on 31 August 1756. Ali was deposed on the following 2 September and brought in chain to Algiers, where he was strangled twenty days later by partisans of his successor Muhammad I ar-Rashid.


Preceded by
Al-Husayn I ibn Ali at-Turki
Bey of Tunis
1735–1756
Succeeded by
Muhammad I ar-Rashid


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