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Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1849–1882)


Princess Maria Pia of Bourbon-Two Sicilies (1849–1882)

Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
Duchess of Parma
Spouse Robert I, Duke of Parma
Issue Marie Louise, Princess of Bulgaria
Prince Ferdinand
Princess Luisa Maria
Henry, Duke of Parma
Princess Maria Immacolata
Joseph, Duke of Parma
Princess Maria Teresa
Princess Maria Pia
Princess Beatrice, Countess Lucchesi-Palli
Elias, Duke of Parma
Princess Maria Anastasia
Full name
Italian: Maria Pia della Grazia
House House of Bourbon-Two Sicilies
House of Bourbon-Parma
Father Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies
Mother Maria Theresa of Austria
Born (1849-08-02)2 August 1849
Gaeta, Two Sicilies
Died 29 September 1882(1882-09-29) (aged 33)
Biarritz, France
Burial Villa Borbone near Viareggio
Religion Roman Catholic

Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies[1] (2 August 1849 – [1]29 September 1882[1]) was a Princess of Bourbon-Two Sicilies and titular Duchess consort of Parma as wife to Robert I, Duke of Parma. Maria Pia was the daughter of King Ferdinand II of the Two Sicilies and his wife Maria Theresa of Austria.[1] Maria Pia was forced into exile along with the rest of her family after the unification of Italy in 1861.

Marriage and issue

Maria Pia married Robert I, the exiled Duke of Parma and Piacenza and son of Charles III, Duke of Parma and his wife Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France, on 5 April 1869 in Rome.[1] Maria Pia and Robert had twelve children[1] of whom six were mentally disabled:

Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Marie Louise 17 January 1870 31 January 1899 Married Ferdinand I of Bulgaria and had issue.
Prince Ferdinando 5 March 1871 14 April 1871 Died in infancy.
Princess Luisa Maria 24 March 1872 22 June 1943 She was mentally disabled.
Prince Henry (Enrico), Duke of Parma 13 June 1873 16 November 1939 Titular Duke of Parma 1907-1939. He was mentally disabled, and from 1907 (his father's death), his brother Elias took up the role as head of the family, although Enrico continued to be considered by monarchists as Henry I of Parma. He held the title till his death.
Princess Maria Immacolata 21 July 1874 16 May 1914 She was mentally disabled.
Prince Joseph (Giuseppe), Duke of Parma 30 June1875 7 January 1950 Titular Duke of Parma 1939-1950. He was also mentally disabled, and his brother Elias continued the role as head of the family like he had done with their brother Enrico.
Princess Maria Teresa 15 October 1876 25 January 1959 She was mentally disabled.
Princess Maria Pia 9 October 1877 29 January 1915 She was mentally disabled.
Princess Beatrice 9 January 1879 11 March 1946 Married Pietro Lucchesi-Palli (a grandson of Princess Caroline of Naples and Sicily and her second husband) and had issue.
Prince Elias, Duke of Parma 23 July 1880 27 June 1959 Head of the Ducal Family of Parma (1950–1959) ("Duke Elias of Parma"). Married Archduchess Maria Anna of Austria and had issue.
Princess Maria Anastasia 25 August 1881 7 September 1881 Died in infancy.
Prince Augusto (or Princess Augusta)[2][3][4] 22 September 1882 22 September 1882 (stillborn). Maria Pia died giving birth to this child.

Later life

Maria Pia died in childbirth and was buried at Villa Borbone near Viareggio. After her death, Robert I remarried in 1884 to Maria Antonia of Portugal, daughter of the deposed Miguel I of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg; she bore him another twelve children.[1]



  1. ^ a b c d e f g Darryl Lundy (10 May 2003). "Maria Pia della Grazia di Borbone, Principessa di Borbone delle Due Sicilie". Retrieved 2008-10-03. 
  2. ^ Sources differ on the child's sex
  3. ^ Willis, Daniel, The Descendants of Louis XIII, Clearfield Co., Inc., Baltimore, Maryland, 1999, ISBN 0-8063-4942-5, p. 342.
  4. ^ Beate Hammond: "Maria Theresia, Elisabeth, Zita - Jugendjahre großer Kaiserinnen", Ueberreuter 2002

External links

Media related to at Wikimedia Commons

See also

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