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Title: Pertevniyal  
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Subject: Mahmud II, List of sultans of the Ottoman Empire
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Pertevniyal Sultan
Born 1812
Wallachia, Ottoman Empire
Died 5 February 1883
Beşiktaş, Constantinople
Resting place Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque in Aksaray, Istanbul
Residence Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople
Ethnicity Wallachian
Known for Valide Sultan
Religion Catholicism at birth, subsequently converted to Islam after her capture
Spouse(s) Mahmud II
Children Abdülaziz

Pertevniyal Sultan, Pertav-Nihâl or sometimes called as Besîme and Hasnâ (1812 – 5 February 1883) was a Wallachian spouse of Ottoman Sultan Mahmud II and Valide Sultan to their son Abdülaziz.[1]

Mother of Abdülaziz, who made an official visit to France, United Kingdom and Prussia in 1867. In 1868, Empress Eugénie of France returned the visit, and was taken by the sultan to his mother in the Dolmabahçe Palace, but reportedly, Pertevniyal became outraged by the presence of a foreign woman in her harem, and greeted the Empress with a slap in the face, almost provoking an international incident. Pertevniyal did exert some influence over her son. She founded a school as well as Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque (1871). Her tomb is located at Pertevniyal Valide Sultan Mosque in Aksaray, Istanbul.

See also


Preceded by
Valide Sultan
Succeeded by
Şevkefza Sultan

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