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Lucy Stone League

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Lucy Stone League

The Lucy Stone League is a

  • Lucy Stone League official website at the Wayback Machine (archived June 2, 2013)

External links

  • Jane Grant, Confession of a Feminist, in The American Mercury, vol. LVII, no. 240, Dec., 1943 (microfilm), pp. 684–691. This article gives more background on the formation of the League.

General literature

  1. ^ Stannard, Una. (1977). Mrs Man. Germainbooks. ISBN 0-914142-02-X.
  2. ^ http://lucystoneleague.org The League's official website, which uses retro-style graphics. Navigation is by clicking as usual.
  3. ^ a b Stannard 1977, the entire Ch. 15 = "The Lucy Stone League" = pp. 188-218.
  4. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 191-192.
  5. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 180-181.
  6. ^ a b Stannard 1977, p. 193.
  7. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 192, 193, and 209.
  8. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 181.
  9. ^ Stannard 1977: p. 197 for Duncan, then Earhart p. 215, Mead p. 199, Millay pp. 197-198, O'Keefe p. 198, Perkins p. 189, Sanger p. 197, and Strange pp. 192-193.
  10. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 190=91 and 204-208.
  11. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 208.
  12. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 196.
  13. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 191. For other property deeds, see p. 199.
  14. ^ a b Stannard 1977, p. 191.
  15. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 199.
  16. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 199-200.
  17. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 211-12.
  18. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 201-04. Also see p. 239.
  19. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 278.
  20. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 238 and all of Ch. 17, Fiat Lex, pp. 239-261.
  21. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 218.
  22. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 262.
  23. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 272-77.
  24. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 277-78.
  25. ^ Stannard 1977, p. 263.
  26. ^ Stannard 1977, pp. 262-65.
  27. ^ a b c http://lucystoneleague.org/history.html The League's official history. To access it from the League's homepage: First click on the tab "Who are we?", and then on its button "LSL History".
  28. ^ Parker, Mary Lou or ML (1994). Fashioning feminism: the making of the Lucy Stone League by members and media, 602 pp. University of Oregon. p. 58.
  29. ^ Justin Kaplan & Anne Bernays, (7 Feb 1997). The Language of Names. Simon & Schuster. ISBN 0-684-80741-6 p. 158.
  30. ^ http://www.womenalliance.org International Alliance of Women.
  31. ^ IAW, Centenary 1904-2004 Website (2004). http://www.womenalliance.org/pdf/IAWCentenaryEdition19042004webversion.pdf "IAW Centenary Edition," a pdf file: pp. 85 and 108, available online. Retrieved 24Jun2013.

References

See also

In addition, there is a group of women in New York who are still active under the name "Lucy Stone League" and this group has been a dues paying affiliate of the International Alliance of Women,[30] for decades. It hosted the IAW Triennial Congress in New York City in 1999.[31]

A modern version of the League was started in 1997, as follows: By 1997 the activities of the League had ceased and a report was published that "Alas, the League is no more."[29] When he read this report, Cristina Lucia Stasia".[27]

Third historical period

As of the early 1990s the Lucy Stone League "still gave nursing scholarships and hosted a combination annual meeting and strawberry festival" – though the gender equality issues listed in the previous paragraph had been largely taken over by NOW (since 1966) and other women's groups.[27][28]

The reborn League operated as a non-political and non-partisan center of research and information on the status of women. It sponsored college scholarships and set up feminist libraries in high schools. It worked for gender equality in legal, economic, educational, and social relationships.[26][27]

[25] So in the 1950s and 1960s period, prior to 1972, the "new" League had to change its approach – it widened its focus to include all discrimination against women in the U.S.; the League became a

But the "legal stone wall" that U.S. women ran into with many officials and even in the courts persisted until the U.S. Congress passed the Equal Rights Amendment on 22 Mar 1972 (never ratified by the U.S.).[23] This 1972 event, plus the researching of and documentation of past legal cases by women lawyers, led to the above-mentioned 9 Oct 1972 court decision.[24]

The League was restarted in 1950 by Jane Grant, plus twenty two former members, its first meeting being on 22 Mar 1950 in New York City. Grant promptly won the Census Bureau's agreement that a married woman could use her maiden surname as her official or real name in the census. (The New York Times, 10 Apr 1950).[22]

Second historical period

In its first incarnation the League was short lived. The group's lawyer, Rose Bres, died in 1927; by 1931 Ruth Hale, who believed that a woman is "through after forty", became depressed and then died in 1934. By the early 1930s the Lucy Stone League was inactive.[21]

The League pioneered and fought for other married women's rights, in the 1920s U.S., to do each of the following in their own names: to register at a hotel,[14] to have bank accounts and sign checks,[14] to have a telephone account or a store account or an insurance policy or a library card,[15] to register (to vote) and to vote,[16] to get a copyright,[17] and to receive paychecks.[18] These rights may be taken for granted today, but the legal right of a married woman in the U.S. to use her own name (rather than her husband's name) was denied by many officials and courts until an 9 Oct 1972 court decision,[19] as documented in the 1977 book Mrs Man, by Una Stannard.[20]

An earlier victory for the group came in May 1921 when Hale got a real estate deed issued in her birth name rather than Mrs. Heywood Broun.[13] When the time came to transfer the title of the Upper West Side apartment building, Hale refused to go on record as Mrs. Heywood Broun; the papers were changed to Ruth Hale.

Ruth Hale's first battle (begun in 1920) with the government was to get a passport issued to her by the U.S. State Department in her own name – just as for any man.[10] Victory was attained five years later in 1925, by the League, when the first married woman in the United States to receive a passport in her own name was Doris Fleischman,[11] the wife of Edward L. Bernays.[12]

The founding of the League was presented above, in the introduction.

First historical period

There were many well-known women who were Lucy Stoners and kept their names after marriage but were not known to be League members, such as (listed alphabetically) Frances Perkins (first woman appointed to any U.S. cabinet), and Michael Strange (poet, playwright, actress) – aka Blanche Oelrichs – aka the wife of actor John Barrymore.[9]

Some of the members often attended the Algonquin Round Table.[8] Since many League members wrote for a living, they could and did write frequently about the group in New York City newspapers.[6]

The group was open to women and men. Some early members were, in alphabetical order:[7]

Members

Contents

  • Members 1
  • First historical period 2
  • Second historical period 3
  • Third historical period 4
  • See also 5
  • References 6
  • General literature 7
  • External links 8

The League became so well known that a new term, Lucy Stoner, came into common use, meaning anyone who advocates that a wife be allowed to keep and use her own name. This term was eventually included in dictionaries.[6]

The founder of the Lucy Stone League was Ruth Hale, a New York City journalist and critic. The wife of New York World columnist Heywood Broun, Ruth Hale challenged in federal court any government edict that would not recognize a married woman (such as herself) by the name she chose to use.[3] The only one in her household called Mrs. Heywood Broun was the cat.[5]

The group took its name from Lucy Stone (1818–1893), the first married woman in the United States to carry her birth name through life (she married in 1855). The New York Times called the group the "Maiden Namers." They held their first meetings, debates, and functions at the Hotel Pennsylvania in New York City, including the founding meeting on 17 May 1921.[4]

Portrait and signature of Lucy Stone, as published in 1881 in History of Woman Suffrage, Volume II

It was among the first feminist groups to arise from the suffrage movement and gained attention for seeking and preserving women's own-name rights, such as the particular ones which follow in this article.

[3] after marriage—and to use it legally.keep their maiden name It was the first group to fight for women to be allowed to [2] Its motto is "A wife should no more take her husband's name than he should hers. My name is my identity and must not be lost."[1]

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