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List of cities and towns in Finland

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Title: List of cities and towns in Finland  
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Subject: Cities and towns in Finland, Alajärvi, Infobox Finnish municipality/doc, Jämsänkoski, Toijala
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List of cities and towns in Finland

The following is a 'list of towns in Finland'. In the year 1977 the juridical difference between cities, towns and municipalities were removed. Today only municipalities are recognized, some of which are commonly referred to as towns (kaupunki in Finnish, 'stad' in Swedish). Municipality can decide itself, whether it uses municipality or city / town designation. To date, many decide to use the latter, even though often the places do not even meet the definition of city, made by EU, which is minimum population of 50 000, and minimum population density of 500 inhabitants per square kilometer. Also, even the centre or conurbation of the "city" itself may not be so urban itself. A simple, independent decision in the municipal council is required to change the name of a rural "municipality" (kunta) into a "city" (kaupunki). For towns founded before the 1960s the list includes the year the town was chartered.

A lot of municipal mergers have been made in Finland (and more is yet to come, due a countrywide municipal reform), which also makes it difficult to define "city", because in merger, while population increases a bit, population density decreases. For example, according to the EU definition, Tampere is no longer a city, due completed municipality mergers with Messukylä, Aitolahti and Teisko, decreasing its official population density to 410,5 inhabitants per square kilometer, dated in 1. July 2012. In Finland, the whole municipality area along its borders is officially considered the city or town area. From there on, villages, possible conurbation areas, and administrative center area (which consists the city center and districts of the city) are distinguished quite accurately in official concepts.

The names used in this encyclopedia are usually the Finnish or Swedish forms, depending on the majority

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