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Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries

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Title: Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries  
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Largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries

The largest metropolitan areas in the Nordic countries are difficult to rank in size because the definition patterns are different from country to country.

By any definition, the metropolitan areas of Copenhagen and Stockholm will rank in top, but it is debatable which one is bigger. For example, Metropolitan Stockholm includes large sparsely populated areas (though most of it is land that because of the topography can not be developed at a reasonable cost), whereas the Stockholm urban area covers only the continuously built-up area. There are various common definitions of Metropolitan Copenhagen: the former Danish Capital Region/Copenhagen metropolitan area (defunct), followed by the smaller Capital Region of Denmark, or the yet smaller Urban area of Copenhagen.

Similarly, some other metropolitan areas are not defined by any fixed guidelines but rather by an estimate of economical and commuter ties between one or several cities and the surrounding region. In some cases, towns have coined names for new metropolitan regions for PR purposes.

Contrarily, the largest urban areas in the Nordic countries can be ranked by more general criteria but is however in general seldom used by official authorities in the Nordic countries.

Largest metropolitan areas

Rank Metropolitan Area Country Main City Population Land Area
(km²)
Density
(inhabitants/km²)
Image
1. Metropolitan Stockholm[1]  Sweden Stockholm 2,192,433[2] 6,526.24[3] 335.94
2. Copenhagen Metropolitan Area[4]  Denmark Copenhagen 1,969,941[5] 3,018.70[6] 652.58
3. Greater Oslo Region[7]  Norway Oslo 1,520,817[8] 8,867.67[9] 171.50
4. Helsinki Region[10]  Finland Helsinki 1,402,017[11] 3,697.50[12] 379.18
5. Metropolitan Gothenburg[13]  Sweden Gothenburg 968,993[14] 3,694.86[15] 262.25
6. Aarhus Metropolitan Area[16]  Denmark Aarhus 848,002[17] 5,727.90[18] 148.05
7. Metropolitan Malmö[19]  Sweden Malmö 685,428[20] 2,521.92[21] 271.79
8. Greater Bergen Region[22]  Norway Bergen 402,624[23] 2,651.21[24] 151.86
9. Tampere City Region[25]  Finland Tampere 369,123[26] 4,038.04[27] 91.41
10. The Triangle Region[28]  Denmark Vejle
Kolding
Fredericia
Vejen
Middelfart
Billund
356,712[29] 3,449.10[30] 103.42
11. Stavanger Region[31]  Norway Stavanger 325,692[32] 2,600.31[33] 125.25
12. Turku City Region[34]  Finland Turku 320,689[35] 2,561.17[36] 125.21
13. Trondheim Region[37]  Norway Trondheim 279,515[38] 6,973.88[39] 40.08
14. Greater Reykjavík Area[40][41]  Iceland Reykjavík 208,710[42] 1,039.00[43] 200.88
15. Uppsala Municipality  Sweden Uppsala 207,317[44] 2,182.80[45] 94.98
16. Aalborg Municipality  Denmark Aalborg 205,809[46] 1137,30[47] 180.96
17. Odense Municipality  Denmark Odense 195,797[48] 305,60[49] 640.70
18. Oulu Municipality  Finland Oulu 193,902[50] 3,031.00[51] 63.97
19. Linköping Municipality  Sweden Linköping 151,493[52] 1,427.44[53] 106.13
20. Västerås Municipality  Sweden Västerås 143,368[54] 957.89[55] 149.67
21. Örebro Municipality  Sweden Örebro 142,165[56] 1,373.15[57] 103.53
22. Kristiansand Region[58]  Norway Kristiansand 139,769[59] 1,864.27[60] 74.97
23. Norrköping Municipality  Sweden Norrköping 134,947[61] 1,495.05[62] 90.26
24. Jyväskylä Municipality  Finland Jyväskylä 134,082[63] 1,171.00[64] 114.50
25. Helsingborg Municipality  Sweden Helsingborg 132,989[65] 344,01[66] 391.51
26. Jönköping Municipality  Sweden Jönköping 131,847[67] 1,480.36[68] 89.06
27. Umeå Municipality  Sweden Umeå 119,273[69] 2,316.61[70] 51.49
28. Esbjerg Municipality  Denmark Esbjerg 115,095[71] 794,50[72] 144.86
29. Borås Municipality  Sweden Borås 106,866[73] 909.80[74] 117.46
30. Kuopio Municipality  Finland Kuopio 106,451[75] 2,309.16[76] 46.16
31. Lahti Municipality  Finland Lahti 103,352[77] 135.05[78] 765.29
32. Eskilstuna Municipality  Sweden Eskilstuna 100,744[79] 1,250.49[80] 80.56

See also

References

  1. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Definition of Metropolitan Areas in Sweden (published in 2005)
  2. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  3. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  4. ^ Danish Nature Agency - Map of Copenhagen Metropolitan Area and its Municipalities
  5. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  6. ^ 1Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013
  7. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  8. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  9. ^ only available in NorwegianThe Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  10. ^ City of Helsinki - Definition of Helsinki Region (published in 2009)
  11. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  12. ^ only available in Finnish and SwedishNLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  13. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Definition of Metropolitan Areas in Sweden (published in 2005)
  14. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  15. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  16. ^ WorldHeritage - Definition of Aarhus Metropolitan Area (official reference and definition required)
  17. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 22, 2014)
  18. ^ 1Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013
  19. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Definition of Metropolitan Areas in Sweden (published in 2005)
  20. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  21. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  22. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  23. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  24. ^ only available in NorwegianThe Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  25. ^ Tampere City Region - Official Website and Definition of the Region
  26. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  27. ^ only available in Finnish and SwedishNLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  28. ^ The Triangle Region - Official Website and Definition of the Region
  29. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  30. ^ 1Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013
  31. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  32. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  33. ^ only available in NorwegianThe Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  34. ^ WorldHeritage - Definition of Turku City Region, or equivalent (official reference and definition required)
  35. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  36. ^ only available in Finnish and SwedishNLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  37. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  38. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  39. ^ only available in NorwegianThe Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  40. ^ Google Maps - Geographical Definition of Greater Reykjavík Area
  41. ^ Association of Municipalities in the Capital Area (SSH) - Official Definition of Municipalities included in Greater Reykjavík Area
  42. ^ Statistics Iceland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  43. ^ National Land Survey of Iceland - Official Municipality Land Area on January 1, 2011
  44. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  45. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  46. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  47. ^ 1Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013
  48. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  49. ^ 1Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013
  50. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  51. ^ only available in Finnish and SwedishNLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  52. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  53. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  54. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  55. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  56. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  57. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  58. ^ Ministry of Local Government and Regional Development - Definition of Greater City Regions (published in 2002)
  59. ^ Statistics Norway - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  60. ^ only available in NorwegianThe Norwegian Mapping Authority - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  61. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  62. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  63. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  64. ^ only available in Finnish and SwedishNLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  65. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  66. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  67. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  68. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  69. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  70. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  71. ^ Statistics Denmark - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 23, 2014)
  72. ^ 1Statistics Denmark - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013
  73. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  74. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  75. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  76. ^ only available in Finnish and SwedishNLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  77. ^ Statistics Finland - Official Population Statistics for Q4-2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)
  78. ^ only available in Finnish and SwedishNLS National Land Survey of Finland - Official Municipality Land Area for 2014
  79. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Population Statistics for Q3-2014 (released on November 10, 2014)
  80. ^ only available in SwedishSCB Statistics Sweden - Official Municipality Land Area for 2013 (retrieved on February 24, 2014)

1 The statistics only include matriculated areas covered by the survey, thus most lakes and all seawater is excluded.

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