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Kiev metropolitan area

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Title: Kiev metropolitan area  
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Kiev metropolitan area

The Kiev metropolitan area (Ukrainian: Київська агломерація; Kyivs’ka ahlomeratsia) is an unofficially-designated urban agglomeration in Ukraine within the Kiev Oblast, consisting of the country's capital city of Kiev, its satellite settlements and nearest rural areas closely bound to the city by employment and commerce. According to different sources, it is ranked among 20 largest metropolitan areas in Europe.

Area and population

  • Total population: censae and estimates numbers vary from 3.275.000 [1] to 3,648,900 (some other sources[which?] bring 4,130,000 - 5,206,000);
  • Kiev City proper population:
    • official: 2,847,200 as of July 2013[2];
    • 2,611,300 as of the 2001 Ukrainian census
    • at least 3.5 million, according to the 2007 estimates based on the amount of bakery products sold in the city (thus including temporary visitors and commuters)[3]
  • Suburban population: 1,076,000[4]
  • Total area: 13,534 km².
  • Population density: 268,4 people/km².

Consisting urban settlements and administrative subdivisions

The metropolitan area includes the following cities: Kiev, Berezan, Boryspil, Brovary, Vasylkiv, Irpin, Rzhyschiv, and Fastiv. The city of Kiev also creates a very close conurbation with such cities as Irpin-Bucha, Brovary, Vyshhorod, and Vyshneve, while cities Boyarka and Boryspil are located in close vicinity. The town of Kotsiubynske is located within the city limits of Kiev, while being subordinate to the city council of Irpin.

The agglomeration stretches over some 11 raions of Kiev Oblast: Baryshivka[dubious ], Boryspil, Borodianka, Brovary, Fastiv, Kaharlyk[dubious ], Kiev-Sviatoshyn, Makariv, Obukhiv, Vasylkiv and Vyshhorod.

Economy and infrastructure

Transport

The area has a highly-developed railway and road infrastructure, being linked to Kiev through the suburban railways, buses and minibuses.

Kiev metropolitan area is served by two international passenger airports: Boryspil Airport and Kyiv (Zhuliany) Airport; there are also the Gostomel cargo airport and additional three operating airfields facilitating airplane manufacturing and general aviation.

Environment

According to the UN 2011 evaluation, there were no risks of natural disasters in the Kiev metropolitan area[5]

References

External links

  • Алфьоров М.А. Урбанізаційні процеси в Україні в 1945-1991 рр: Монографія/ М.А.Алфьоров – Донецьк: Донецьке відділення НТШ ім. Шевченка, ТОВ «Східний видавничий дім» 2012. – 552 с. (Ukrainian)
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