World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Köprülü Era

Article Id: WHEBN0008583230
Reproduction Date:

Title: Köprülü Era  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Ottoman Empire, History of the Ottoman Empire, Atmeydanı Incident, Outline of the Ottoman Empire, Social structure of the Ottoman Empire
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Köprülü Era

The Köprülü era (Turkish: Köprülüler Devri) (1656–1703) was the period which Ottoman Empire's politics were set by the Grand Viziers, mainly the Köprülü family, which was a notable family of imperial bureaucrats of Albanian origin.[1][2] Köprülü family generated grand viziers to the Empire, combining ambition with genuine talent. They overhauled the bureaucracy and instituted military reforms.

Several important leaders arose at this time, including the sternly reactionary Grand Vizier Mehmed Köprülü (1656–1661) and his more moderate son Fazıl Ahmed Köprülü (1661–1676). Under their leadership, the state began to reassert itself with some vigor. Despite internal conflicts within the Ottoman bureaucracy, and between the bureaucracy and military, the 17th century saw the empire expand its frontiers to its furthest reach, with notable gains under the Köprülü administration in Crete, Hungary, Southern Ukraine and Podolia.

The defeat of the Ottoman forces led by Grand Vizier Kara Mustafa Pasha at the Second Siege of Vienna in 1683, at the hands of the combined armies of Poland and the Holy Roman Empire under Jan III Sobieski, was the decisive event that swung the balance of power in the region in favor of the European nations. Under the terms of the Treaty of Karlowitz, which ended the Great Turkish War in 1699, the Ottomans ceded nearly all of Ottoman Hungary, Transylvania, the Morea and Podolia to Austria, Poland and Venice. Ottoman State also acknowledged, for the first time in its history, that the Austrian Empire could be treated on equal terms with the Ottoman Empire.

The last of the Köprülü rulers fell from power when Mustafa II (r. 1695-1703) was forced by rebellious Janissaries to abdicate. Under Ahmet III (r. 1703-30), effective control of the government passed to the military leaders. Ahmet III's reign is referred to as the "Tulip Era" because of the popularity of tulip cultivation in Istanbul during those years.

See also

References

  1. ^ Stephen Schwartz, The other Islam: Sufism and the road to global harmony, Doubleday 2008 ISBN 978-0-385-51819-2 page 100.
  2. ^ Ivo Banac: The national question in Yugoslavia: origins, history, politics, ISBN 0-8014-1675-2, ISBN 0-8014-9493-1, Cornell University 1988, page 292.
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.