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Jacques Ancel

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Title: Jacques Ancel  
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Subject: List of geographers, List of Légion d'honneur recipients by name, Lycée Chaptal, French geographers, Geopoliticians
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Jacques Ancel

Jacques Ancel (July 22, 1879, Parmain, Val-d'Oise  – 1943) was a French geographer and geopolitician. He is author of several books, including Peoples and Nations of Balkans: political geography (1926) and Geopolitics (1936).

After studying history and geography and professing as a teacher, Ancel was drafted to fight in World War I. Wounded three times, he was detached to the Headquarters of the French Army's Oriental Corps (fighting in the Ottoman Empire and the Balkans). After the war, he helped mediate the tense relations between Yugoslavia and Bulgaria. In 1930, Ancel obtained his doctorate with the thesis La Macédoine, étude de colonisation contemporaine ("Macedonia, a study in contemporary colonization").

He taught at the University of Paris' Institute of Higher International Studies, and was a corresponding member of the Romanian Academy and of other scientific forums. He was a knight of the Légion d'honneur.


  • 1901, Une page inédite de Saint-Simon
  • 1902, La Formation de la colonie du Congo Français (1843–1882), Paris, Bulletin du Comité de l'Afrique Française
  • 1919, L'unité de la politique bulgare, 1870–1919, Editions Bossard
  • 1921, Les Travaux et les jours de l'Armée d'Orient. 1915–1918
  • 1923, Manuel historique de la question d'Orient (1792–1923), Delagrave
  • 1926, Peuples et nations des Balkans (réédité par CTHS en 1992)
  • 1929, Histoire contemporaine depuis le milieu du XIXe siècle (avec la collaboration d'Henri Calvet). Manuel de politique européenne, histoire diplomatique de l'Europe (1871–1914), PUF
  • 1930, La Macédoine, étude de colonisation contemporaine
  • 1936, Géopolitique, Paris, Delagrave
  • 1938, Géographie des frontières, préface d'André Siegfried, Paris, Gallimard
  • 1940, Manuel Géographique de politique européenne. 2. L'Allemagne, Paris, Delagrave
  • 1945, Slaves et Germains, Paris, Librairie Armand Colin, 1945.

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