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Islamic physics

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Title: Islamic physics  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Alhazen, Magnetism, Ottoman Empire, 11th century, Jābir ibn Hayyān, Avempace, Philosophy of space and time, Emission theory (vision), Ibn Sahl, History of scientific method
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Islamic physics

Physics in medieval Islam is the development of physics in the medieval Islamic world in the history of physics. In the course of the expansion of the Islamic world, Muslim scholars encountered the science, mathematics, and medicine of antiquity through the works of Aristotle, Archimedes, Galen, Ptolemy, Euclid, and others. These works and the important commentaries on them were the wellspring of science during the Medieval period. They were translated into Arabic, the lingua franca of this period. Islamic scholarship had inherited Aristotelian physics from the Greeks and during the Islamic Golden Age developed it further, especially placing emphasis on observation and a priori reasoning, formulating crude forms of the scientific method.

Fields of physics studied included optics and magnetism, mechanics (including statics, dynamics, kinematics and motion), and astronomy.


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