Iranian Georgians

Iranian Georgians
ირანის ქართველები
گرجی‌های ایران
George XI of Kartli
Prince Aleksandre of Georgia
Total population
100,000 + [1]
Regions with significant populations
Fereydan, Gilan, Mazandaran, Golestan, Isfahan, Fars, Khorasan, Tehran
Languages
Mazandarani
Religion
Shi'a Islam[1]
Related ethnic groups
people of Iran

Iranian Georgians (Iranian culture such as Persian language, and Twelver Shia Islam in order to survive in the society.[5][6][7]

Contents

  • History 1
    • Safavid era 1.1
    • Afsharid era 1.2
    • Qajar era 1.3
    • Modern Iran 1.4
  • Notable Georgians of Iran 2
  • Geographic distribution, language and culture 3
  • See also 4
  • External links 5
  • Footnotes 6
  • References 7

History

Safavid courtiers leading Georgian captives. A mid-16th century Persian textile panel from the Metropolitan Museum of Art.

Safavid era

Most likely, the first extant community of Georgians within Iran was formed following Qizilbash among the Safavid officials, alongside the Circassians and Armenians.

Georgia, from 1633-1658.

During his travels the Italian adventurer Persian "Gorji" which means Georgian). They call their language Kartuli (Georgian: ქართული). As Rezvani states, this is not surprising given that all other Georgina dialects in Iran are extinct.

The number of Georgians in Iran is estimated to be over 100,000. According to Encyclopaedia Georgiana (1986) some 12,000–14,000 lived in rural Fereydan c. 1896,[27] and a more recent estimation cited by Rezvani (published 2009, written in 2008) states that there may be more than 61,000 Georgians in Fereydan.[28] Modern-day estimations regarding the number of Iranian Georgians are that they compose over 100,000, but these numbers are obvious underestimations as it is believed that the modern Iranian Georgians are more than Georgians in Georgia. (3,500,000 +). They are also the largest Caucasus-derived group in the nation, ahead of the Circassians.[29]

See also

External links

  • Pierre Oberling, Georgian communities in Persia. Encyclopædia Iranica
  • (Georgian) Little GeorgiaFereydan -
  • (Georgian) Georgian Radio of Iran
  • Ali Attār, Georgians in Iran, in Persian, Jadid Online, 2008, [4].
    A Slide Show of Georgians in Iran by Ali Attār, Jadid Online, 2008, [5] (5 min 31 sec).

Footnotes

  1. ^ a b c Rezvani, Babak (Winter 2009). "The Fereydani Georgian Representation". Anthropology of the Middle East 4 (2): 52–74.  
  2. ^ Matthee, Rudolph P. (1999), The Politics of Trade in Safavid Iran: Silk for Silver, 1600-1730.
  3. ^ Roger Savory. Iran Under the Safavids Cambridge University Press, 24 sep. 2007. ISBN 0521042518 p 184
  4. ^ "Caucasus Survey". Retrieved 3 May 2015. 
  5. ^ Muliani, S. (2001) Jaygah-e Gorjiha dar Tarikh va Farhang va Tammadon-e Iran. Esfahan: Yekta [The Georgians’ position in the Iranian history and civilization]
  6. ^ Rahimi, M.M. (2001) Gorjiha-ye Iran; Fereydunshahr. Esfahan: Yekta [The Georgians of Iran; Fereydunshahr]
  7. ^ Sepiani, M. (1980) Iranian-e Gorji. Esfahan: Arash [Georgian Iranians]
  8. ^ Hamilton Alexander Rosskeen Gibb, Bernard Lewis, Johannes Hendrik Kramers, Charles Pellat, Joseph Schacht. The Encyclopaedia of Islam, parts 163-178 (Volume 10). Original from the University of Michigan. p 109
  9. ^ "ṬAHMĀSP I". Retrieved 29 October 2015. 
  10. ^ Slaves of the Shah:New Elites of Safavid Iran. 2004. Retrieved 1 April 2014. 
  11. ^ "Georgians in Safavid Iran". Retrieved 26 April 2014. 
  12. ^ a b c d e f g Isfahan-Safavid Period VII
  13. ^ a b c d Babak Rezvani. Iranian Georgians
  14. ^ Svetlana Savranskaya and Vladislav Zubok (editors), Cold War International History Project Bulletin, I issue, 14/15 – Conference Reports, Research Notes and Archival Updates, p. 401. Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars. Accessed on September 16, 2007.
  15. ^ Sanikidze, George. Walker, Edward W. Islam and Islamic Practices in Georgia Publication Date; 08-01-2004. p 19
  16. ^ http://www.iran-newspaper.com/1383/830420/html/internal.htm
  17. ^ Aptin Khanbaghi (2006)The Fire, the Star and the Cross: Minority Religions in Medieval and Early. London & New YorkIB Tauris. ISBN 1-84511-056-0, pp. 130-1.
  18. ^ Savory, Roger, Iran Under the Safavids, (Cambridge University Press, 2007), 68.
  19. ^ Juan de Persia, Don Juan of Persia, (Routledge, 2004), 129.
  20. ^ Khaleghi-Motlagh, DJ (1984). "Aḵtar, Aḥmad Beg Gorjī". Encyclopædia Iranica, Vol. I, Fasc. 7. pp. 730–731. Retrieved 15 February 2015. 
  21. ^ Bayat, Mangol (1982). Mysticism and Dissent: Socioreligious Thought in Qajar Iran. Syracuse University Press. p. 95.  
  22. ^ Patrick Clawson. Eternal Iran. Palgrave. 2005. Coauthored with Michael Rubin. ISBN 1-4039-6276-6 p.168
  23. ^ "The Life and Times of the Shah". Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  24. ^ "The Pahlavi Dynasty: An Entry from Encyclopaedia of the World of Islam". Retrieved 22 April 2015. 
  25. ^ http://www.latrobe.edu.au/health/about/staff/profile?uname=LKarimi
  26. ^ Encyclopædia Iranica on Gorjestan
  27. ^ Encyclopaedia Georgiana (1986), vol. 10, Tbilisi: p. 263.
  28. ^ Rezvani, Babak. The Fereydani Georgian Representation of Identity and Narration of History 2009 Journal; Anthropology of the Middle East. Berghahn Journals. Vol 4. No 2. p 52
  29. ^ Encyclopedia of the Peoples of Africa and the Middle East Facts On File, Incorporated ISBN 143812676X p 141

References

  • Muliani, S. (2001) Jâygâhe Gorjihâ dar Târix va Farhang va Tamaddone Irân (The Georgians’ Position in Iranian History and Civilization). Esfahan: Yekta Publication. ISBN 978-964-7016-26-1. (Persian)
  • Rahimi, M. M. (2001) Gorjihâye Irân: Fereydunšahr (The Georgians of Iran; Fereydunshahr). Esfahan: Yekta Publication. ISBN 978-964-7016-11-7. (Persian)
  • Sepiani, M. (1980) Irâniyâne Gorji (Georgian Iranians). Esfahan: Arash Publication. (Persian)
  • Rezvani, B. (2008) "The Islamization and Ethnogenesis of the Fereydani Georgians". Nationalities Papers 36 (4): 593-623. doi:10.1080/00905990802230597
  • Oberling, Pierre (1963). "Georgians and Circassians in Iran". Studia Caucasica (1): 127-143
  • Saakashvili visited Fereydunshahr and put flowers on the graves of the Iranian Georgian martyrs' graves, showing respect towards this community [6] (Persian)


The local self-designation of Georgians in Iran, like the rest of the Georgians over the world is

There were other compact settlements in Nowruz.

The Fereydunshahr, a small city, 150 km to the west of Isfahan in the area historically known as Fereydan. In this area there are 10 Georgian towns and villages around Fereydunshahr. In this region the old Georgian identity is retained the best compared to other places in Iran, and most people speak and understand the Georgian language there.

A pastry shop in Fereydunshahr with Georgian signage.

Geographic distribution, language and culture

For a more lengthy discussion on Georgians and Persia refer to.[26]

The names of actors Mahan Esfahani.

were other famous Iranian Georgians. Bahram Aryana and General Manucheher Khan Motamed-od-Dowleh [22]

Báb, the founder of Bábism religious movement.[21]

[19] Many direct and indirect members of the

Shah Suleiman I and his courtiers, Isfahan, 1670. Painter is Georgian letters at the top left.

Notable Georgians of Iran

In June 2004, the new Georgian president, Iran–Iraq War.[16]

In the aftermath of Joseph Stalin realized that his plans to obtain influence in northern Iran foiled by both Iranian stubbornness and United States pressure.[14]

Despite their isolation from Georgia, many Georgians have preserved their language and some traditions, but embraced Islam. The ethnographer Lado Aghniashvili was first from Georgia to visit this community in 1890.

Modern Iran

During the Battle of Krtsanisi in 1795.

Qajar era

During the [13]

Afsharid era

In total, the Persian sources mention that during the Safavid era 225,000 Georgians were transplanted to mainland Iran during the first two centuries, while the Georgian souces keep this number at 245,000.[13]

During the last days of the Fereydunshahr. In the latter battle they brought a humiliating defeat to the Afghan army.

[12]

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