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International Federation of Football History and Statistics

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International Federation of Football History and Statistics

The International Federation of Football History & Statistics (IFFHS) is an organization that chronicles the history and records of association football.[1][2][3] It was founded on 27 March 1984 in Leipzig by Dr. Alfredo Pöge with the blessings of general secretary of the FIFA at the time, Dr. Helmut Käser.[1] The IFFHS was based at Al-Muroor Street 147, Abu Dhabi for some time but, in 2010, relocated to Bonn, Germany.[4]

During its early stages, and until 2002, the IFFHS concentrated on publishing the quarterly magazines Fußball-Weltzeitschrift, Libero spezial deutsch and Libero international.[5] When these had to be discontinued for reasons which were not officially told, the organization published its material in a series of multi-lingual books in co-operation with sponsors.[6] The statistical organization has now confined its publishing activities to its website, receiving support from FIFA,[6] organization that recognise the IFFHS and its work[3][6] although the latter has no affiliation with the football's governing body.[7]

Club World Ranking

Since 1991, the entity has produced a monthly Club World Ranking.

The ranking takes into consideration the results of twelve months of continental and intercontinental competitions, national league matches (including play-offs) and the most important national cup (excluding points won before the round of 16).

All countries are rated at four levels based upon the national league performance—clubs in the highest level leagues receive 4 points for each match won, 2 for a draw and 0 for a defeat. Level 2 is assigned 3 pts. (win), 1.5 (draw) and 0 (lost), and so on with the next lower levels.

In continental competitions, all clubs receive the same number of points at all stages regardless of the performance level of their leagues. However, the UEFA Champions League and the Copa Libertadores yield more points than UEFA Europa League and Copa Sudamericana, respectively. The point assignment system is still lower for the AFC, CAF, CONCACAF and OFC continental tournaments. Competitions between two continents are evaluated depending upon their importance. Competitions not organized by a continental confederation, or any intercontinental events not recognized by FIFA, are not taken into consideration.

Criteria

Criteria for national competitions:[8]
Competition Points for a win Points for a draw
National Leagues in Level 4 4.00 2.00
National Leagues in Level 3 3.00 1.50
National Leagues in Level 2 2.00 1.00
National Leagues in Level 1 1.00 0.50
Criteria for international competitions:[8]
Competition Points for a win Points for a draw
UEFA Champions League 14.0 7.0
UEFA Europa League 12.0 6.0
Copa Libertadores 14.0 7.0
Copa Sudamericana 12.0 6.0
CAF Champions League 9.0 4.5
CAF Cup 7.0 3.5
AFC Champions League 9.0 4.5
AFC Cup 7.0 3.5
CONCACAF Champions League 9.0 4.5
OFC Champions League 5.0 2.5
FIFA Club World Cup (semi-finals) 14.0 7.0
FIFA Club World Cup (final)[9] 21.0 10.5

Current ranking

Top 40
(1 March 2012 - 28 February 2013)
Position Team Confederation Points
1 England Chelsea UEFA 307.0
2 Spain Atletico Madrid UEFA 304.0
3 Germany Bayern Munich UEFA 292.0
4 Brazil Corinthians CONMEBOL 287.0
5 Spain Barcelona UEFA 283.0
6 Argentina Boca Juniors CONMEBOL 281.0
7 Spain Real Madrid UEFA 277.0
8 Italy Juventus UEFA 241.0
9 Italy Inter Milan UEFA 234.0
10 Brazil São Paulo CONMEBOL 230.0
11 Chile Universidad de Chile CONMEBOL 223.0
12 Brazil Fluminense CONMEBOL 222.0
13 Switzerland Basel UEFA 220.0
14 Turkey Fenerbahçe UEFA 216.0
Italy Lazio UEFA 216.0
16 Germany Borussia Dortmund UEFA 215.0
17 France Lyon UEFA 214.0
18 France Paris Saint Germain UEFA 210.0
19 England Manchester United UEFA 205.0
Scotland Celtic UEFA 205.0
Paraguay Club Libertad CONMEBOL 205.0
22 Russia Anzhi Makhachkala UEFA 203.0
23 Brazil Gremio CONMEBOL 202.0
24 Brazil Santos CONMEBOL 201.0
25 England Liverpool UEFA 200.0
26 Czech Republic SK Viktoria Plzeň UEFA 193.5
27 Spain Valencia UEFA 193.0
28 Germany Hannover 96 UEFA 192.0
29 Romania CFR Cluj UEFA 191.5
30 France Bordeaux UEFA 190.0
Spain Málaga UEFA 190.0
South Korea Ulsan Hyundai AFC 190.0
Belgium Genk UEFA 190.0
34 Ecuador Sociedad Deportivo CONMEBOL 189.5
35 Argentina Vélez Sarsfield CONMEBOL 189.0
36 Romania FC Steaua Bucureşti UEFA 187.0
37 England Tottenham UEFA 186.0
38 Argentina Tigre CONMEBOL 182.0
39 Ecuador Club Sport Emelec CONMEBOL 179.5
40 Italy Milan UEFA 179.0
Belgium Anderlecht UEFA 179.0

- Last updated: 14 May 2013 - Current Standings

The World's Club Team of the Year

The following table shows the clubs that finished top of the ranking for each year since 1991:[10]

IFFHS recognised these clubs as The World's Club Team of the Year and were awarded with a golden trophy and a certificate during the World Football Gala.[10]

The World's Club Team of the Month

In the same case of the The World's Club Team of the Year, since January 2000 IFFHS recognizes those teams that have the greatest performance in the world during a month as The World's Club Team for the Month.[32]

All-Time Club World Ranking

The All-time Club World Ranking is determined by taking into account all the results of the national championships, the national cup competitions, the club competitions of the six continental confederations and the Intercontinental Cup (defunct), which was replaced by the FIFA Club World Cup. It is therefore only possible to determine an All-time Club World Ranking from 1 January 1991, when the Club World Ranking began taking all these details into consideration.

The All-time Club World Rankings are updated annually. For this ranking the IFFHS takes into consideration the "Top 50 Clubs" on the Club World Ranking at 31 December of each year, and awards them points from 50 points for the top club down to 1 point for the club in the 50th place. Adding the points from individual years for each club provides the All-time Club World Ranking.

Top 25
(1 January 1991 - 31 December 2009)
Position Team Points
1 Spain Barcelona 807
2 England Manchester United 726
3 Italy Juventus 633
Spain Real Madrid 633
5 Italy Milan 620
6 Italy Internazionale 605
7 Germany Bayern Munich 599
8 England Arsenal 594
9 Argentina River Plate 503
10 England Chelsea 491
11 England Liverpool 455
12 Portugal Porto 447
13 Italy Roma 445
14 Netherlands Ajax 421
15 Argentina Boca Juniors 420
16 Spain Valencia 398
17 Italy Parma 373
18 Brazil São Paulo 368
19 Scotland Rangers 364
20 Italy Lazio 342
21 France Lyon 339
22 Spain Atlético Madrid 319
23 Germany Werder Bremen 317
24 Germany Borussia Dortmund 285
25 France Paris Saint-Germain 284

Last updated 31 December 2009 - Current Standings

Continental Clubs of the 20th Century

In 2009, the IFFHS released the results of a statistical study which determined the best continental clubs of the 20th Century.[33] The ranking did not consider the performance of the teams in national football tournaments (except in the Oceania's club ranking due to limited editions held under OFC club competitions), the performance in the intercontinental or world-wide club competitions or those submitted in the IFFHS Club World Ranking, available since 1991.[34]

Based on this statistical study series, the below six clubs were named as "continental clubs of the century" by the IFFHS between 10 September and 13 October 2009. These clubs were awarded with a golden trophy and a certificate during the World Football Gala celebrated at Fulham, London on 11 May 2010.[35][36]

Region Team
Europe Spain Real Madrid
South America Uruguay Peñarol
Africa Ghana Asante Kotoko
Asia Saudi Arabia Al-Hilal
Central and North America Costa Rica Saprissa
Oceania Australia South Melbourne

Strongest National League in the World

Rankings 1991–2012

Year Pos. League Points
1991 1 Italy Serie A 1,382.5
2 Spain La Liga 1,069.0
3 England Premier League 1,059.0
1992 1 Italy Serie A 1,342.5
2 Spain La Liga 1,145.5
3 Netherlands Eredivisie 941.5
1993 1 Italy Serie A 1,577.5
2 Spain La Liga 1,171.0
3 Germany Bundesliga 1,046.5
1995 1 Italy Serie A 1,345.0
2 France Division 1 1,067.5
3 Spain La Liga 1,030.0
1996 1 Italy Serie A 1,119.0
2 Spain La Liga 1,037.0
3 France Division 1 1,008.0
1997 1 Germany Bundesliga 1,209.0
2 Italy Serie A 1,181.0
3 Spain La Liga 1,120.0
1998 1 Italy Serie A 1,276.0
2 Brazil Série A 1,198.0
3 Spain La Liga 1,096.0
1999 1 Italy Serie A 1,163.0
2 Spain La Liga 1,145.0
3 England Premier League 1,134.0
2000 1 Spain La Liga 1,215.0
2 England Premier League 1,116.0
3 Italy Serie A 1,051.0
2001 1 Spain La Liga 1,267.0
2 England Premier League 1,176.0
3 Italy Serie A 1,013.0
2002 1 Spain La Liga 1,209.0
2 England Premier League 1,183.0
3 Italy Serie A 1,119.0
2003 1 Italy Serie A 1,180.0
2 Spain La Liga 1,107.0
3 England Premier League 1,052.0
2004 1 Spain La Liga 1,189.0
2 England Premier League 1,184.0
3 Italy Serie A

Brazil Série A

1,010.0
2005 1 England Premier League 1,207.0
2 Italy Serie A 1,137.0
3 France Ligue 1 995.0
2006 1 Italy Serie A 1,182.0
2 Spain La Liga 1,168.0
3 England Premier League 1,125.0
2007 1 England Premier League 1,171.0
2 Spain La Liga 1,074.0
3 Italy Serie A 1,027.0
2008 1 England Premier League 1,192.0
2 Italy Serie A 1,031.0
3 Argentina Primera División 1,020.0
2009 1 England Premier League 1,187.0
2 Spain La Liga 1,077.0
3 Germany Bundesliga 1,031.0
2010 1 Spain La Liga 1,092.0
2 England Premier League 1,039.0
3 Italy Serie A 1,021.0
2011 1 Spain La Liga 1,194.0
2 England Premier League 1,103.0
3 Brazil Série A 889.0
2012 1 Spain La Liga 1,283.0
2 Brazil Série A 1,057.0
3 Germany Bundesliga 1,037.0

Last updated in 10 January 2013 - Current Ranking

Rankings

Top 40
(2012)
Position League Points
1 Spain La Liga 1283.0
2 Brazil Série A 1057.0
3 Germany Bundesliga 1037.0
4 Italy Serie A 1034.0
5 England Premier League 1007.0
6 Argentina Primera División 919.0
7 France Ligue 1 880.0
8 Netherlands Eredivisie 738.0
9 Paraguay Primera División 712.5
10 Chile Primera División 711.5
11 Ukraine Ukrainian Premier League 355.0
12 Belgium Belgian First Division 694.0
13 Ecuador Serie A 688.0
14 Romania Liga I 310.0
15 South Korea K. League 653.0
Turkey Süper Lig 653.0
17 Greece Superleague 645.5
18 Portugal Primeira Liga 633.5
19 Russia Premier League 626.0
20 Mexico Primera División 614.5
21 Colombia Categoría Primera A 589.0
Czech Republic Gambrinus liga 589.0
23 Switzerland Super League 560.0
24 Scotland Premier League 523.0
25 Uruguay Primera División 493.0
26 Denmark Superliga 487.5
27 Japan J. League 481.5
28 Saudi Arabia Professional League 475.5
29 Cyprus First Division 470.0
30 Norway Tippeligaen 456.0
31 Peru Primera División 445.5
32 Croatia Prva HNL 414.5
33 Sweden Allsvenskan 404.0
34 Moldova National Division 403.0
35 Sudan Premier League 401.0
36 Iran Pro League 393.5
37 United StatesCanada MLS 388.5
38 Bolivia La-Liga 387.0
39 Belarus Premier League 385.0
40 Slovenia PrvaLiga 385.0

Last updated 12 January 2013 -[37]

World's Most Popular Footballer

Year Name Club
2006 England Steven Gerrard England Liverpool
2007 Egypt Mohamed Aboutrika Egypt Al-Ahly
2008 Egypt Mohamed Aboutrika Egypt Al-Ahly
2009 Honduras Carlos Alberto Pavón Honduras Real España
2010 Iran Farhad Majidi Iran Esteghlal[38]
2011 Chile Eduardo Vargas Chile Club Universidad[39]
2012 Armenia Henrikh Mkhitaryan Ukraine Shakhtar Donetsk[40]
2013 Venezuela Juan Arango Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach[41]

Since 2006, the IFFHS has given an award to the world's most popular football player, which is selected based on online user votes, which are cast on the IFFHS website. Liverpool player Steven Gerrard was awarded the first title.[42]

In 2007, the IFFHS provided a list of 55 candidates from all six continents. A total of 2,946,740 votes were cast and the winner of the voting was Mohamed Aboutrika, who plays for Al-Ahly and the Egypt national football team.[43]

For 2008, the IFFHS drew up a list of 100 currently active players from 58 countries in all six football continents, from which votes were cast until 3 January 2009. After all the votes were counted, Mohamed Aboutrika was selected as the world's most popular football player for the second year in a row.[44]

On 19 October 2009, the IFFHS opened the voting for the 2009 award. The candidates consisted of 115 currently active players from 68 countries in all six football continents. Votes were cast at the IFFHS website until 2 January 2010 with Carlos Alberto Pavón being the winner.[45]

IFFHS World's Best Club Coach

Main article: IFFHS World's Best Club Coach

IFFHS World's Best Goalkeeper

Main article: IFFHS World's Best Goalkeeper

Criticism

The origin and the nature of the IFFHS have been widely criticised due to the fact that the organization was not created by a committee of national bodies linked to football, thus its appellation as "International Federation" has been considered misleading.[46] Karl Lennartz, a sports historian and professor at the University of Cologne, Germany, called the organization "obscure", describing it as a one man show of its chairman Alfredo Pöge.[47]

The IFFHS rankings and their significance have been a matter of criticism and the largest German news agency, Deutsche Presse-Agentur, refuse to publish them.[46][48] Furthermore, it has been stated that the rankings of the IFFHS are not official and the titles they bear serve merely for publicity.[47]

References

External links

  • Official site (German) (English) (French) (Spanish)
  • Annual Awards
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