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Interior ministry

An interior ministry (sometimes ministry of internal affairs or ministry of home affairs) is a government ministry typically responsible for policing, emergency management, national security, supervision of local governments, conduct of elections, public administration and immigration matters. The ministry is often headed by a minister of the interior or a minister of home affairs. In some countries, matters relating to the maintenance of law and order and the administration of justice are the responsibility of a separate justice ministry.

In some countries, policing and national security belong to a separate ministry (often titled "ministry of public order", "ministry of security" etc.), with the interior ministry being limited to control over local governments, public administration, elections etc. Notable examples include Greece (ministry of citizen protection) and Israel (ministry of public security).

In countries with a federal constitution, an interior minister will often be found at both the federal and sub-national levels. Similarly, autonomous entities and dependent territories may also have interior ministers.

In certain jurisdictions, similarly named government departments may have other responsibilities. In the United States, the Department of the Interior has radically different functions—primarily the management and conservation of natural resources, and programs and policies dealing with indigenous peoples of the U.S. The functions that fall under what most other countries call an "interior ministry" are under other government departments—mostly the Department of Homeland Security, with some others falling under the Department of Justice.

In Canada the Interior Minister's post existed from 1873 to 1936, replacing previous role of the Secretary of State for the Provinces. The current position is held by the newer Minister of Public Safety since 2003.

In Hong Kong, the Secretary for Home Affairs is responsible for matters relating to communities, culture, sports and local governance. Policing and related matters are the responsibilities of the Secretary for Security.

In India, the Ministry of Home Affairs (MHA) is responsible for internal security, demographics, promotes the official language.[1] It tasks specialized functions by virtue of its departments, namely Department of Border Management, Department of Internal Security, Department of Jammu & Kashmir Affairs, Department of Home, Department of Official Language and Department of States. As such it heads such functions as the internal intelligence, and police and Civil Services of India as also protocol, freedom fighter pensions and manning of the courts.[2]

In Japan, law enforcement is decentralised with the National Public Safety Commission coordinating between the National Police Agency and the government through its chairman, who is a cabinet member. National security and immigration matters fall under the Ministry of Justice, whilst the Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications handles the administrative system, local government, elections, telecommunication and post matters.

In Vietnam, The Ministry of Public Security is responsible for policing, national security, and immigration matters.

List of interior ministries

Country Ministry Head
Afghanistan Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Albania Ministry of Interior Affairs Minister of Interior
Algeria Ministry of Interior and Local Collectivities Minister of Interior and Local Collectivities
Angola Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Argentina Ministry of the Interior and Transport Minister of Interior & Transportation
Australia Attorney-General's Department Attorney-General
Austria Federal Ministry of the Interior Federal Minister of the Interior
Azerbaijan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
 Bahamas Ministry of National Security
Ministry of Immigration
Minister of National Security
Minister of Immigration
Bahrain Ministry of the Interior Minister of Interior
Bangladesh Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
 Belgium FPS Interior Belgium Federal Minister of the Interior
Bosnia and Herzegovina Ministry of Security (State level) Ministry of Internal Affairs (FBiH) Ministry of Internal Affairs (RS) Minister of Security (State level)

Minister of Internal Affairs (FBiH)

Minister of Internal Affairs (RS)

Brazil Ministry of Justice Minister of Justice
Bulgaria Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Cambodia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Canada Department of Public Safety Minister of Public Safety
 People's Republic of China Ministry of Public Security
Ministry of Supervision
Minister of Public Security
Minister of Supervision
Hong Kong, People's Republic of China Home Affairs Bureau
Security Bureau
Secretary for Home Affairs
Secretary for Security
Macau, People's Republic of China Secretariat for Security Secretary for Security
Chile Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Colombia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Croatia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Cyprus Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Czech Republic Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Denmark Ministry for the Interior and Health Minister for the Interior and Health
Djibouti Ministry of Interior and Decentralization Minister of Interior and Decentralization
Dominican Republic Ministry of Interior and Police Minister of Interior and Police
Egypt Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Estonia Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
European Union Directorate-General for Home Affairs Commissioner for Home Affairs
Finland Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
France Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior and Overseas Territories
Georgia Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Germany Federal Ministry of the Interior Federal Minister of the Interior
Greece Ministry of Interior and Public Order Minister for the Interior and Public Order
Hungary Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
Iceland Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
India Ministry of Home Affairs Union Minister of Home Affairs
Indonesia Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs In Indonesia, Police is not under the MHA. Police is a separate institution under the President of Indonesia
Iran Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Israel Ministry of Interior
Ministry of Justice
Minister of Interior
Minister of Justice
Iraq Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Isle of Man Department of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
Italy Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Japan National Public Safety Commission
Ministry of Internal Affairs and Communications
Ministry of Justice
Chairman of the National Public Safety Commission
Minister for Internal Affairs and Communications
Minister of Justice
Jamaica Ministry of National Security
Ministry of Justice
Ministry of Local Government and Community Development
Minister of National Security
Minister of Justice
Minister of Local Government and Community Development
Kenya Ministry for Internal Security and Provincial Administration Minister for Internal Security and Provincial Administration
Kosovo Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Kazakhstan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Kuwait Ministry of Interior Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Interior
Lithuania Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Lebanon Ministry of Interior and Municipalities Minister of Interior and Municipalities
Macedonia Ministry of Interior Affairs Minister of Interior
Malaysia Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
Malta Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
Mauritania Ministry of the Interior
Mauritius Ministry of Home Affairs Prime Minister's Office
Mexico Secretariat of Governance Secretary of Governance
Moldova Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Mongolia Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs Ministry of Justice and Home Affairs
Montenegro Ministry of Interior Affairs and Public Administration Minister of Internal Affairs and Public Administration
Morocco Minister of Interior Minister of Interior
Mozambique Interior Ministry Minister of Interior
Netherlands Ministry of the Interior and Kingdom Relations Minister of the Interior and Kingdom Relations
New Zealand Department of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Pakistan Ministry of Interior Interior Minister
Peru Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
 Philippines Department of the Interior and Local Government
Department of Justice
Interior Secretary or DILG Secretary
Justice Secretary
Poland Ministry of Interior Minister of Internal Affairs
Portugal Ministry of Internal Administration Minister of Internal Administration
Romania Ministry of Administration and Interior Minister of Administration and Interior
Russia Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Saudi Arabia Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Senegal Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Serbia Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Slovenia Ministry of Internal Affairs
Singapore Ministry of Home Affairs Minister for Home Affairs
Slovakia Ministry of Interior Minister of Interior
Somalia Ministry of Interior and Security Minister of Interior and Security
South Africa Department of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs
South Korea Ministry of Government Administration and Home Affairs Minister of Government Administration and Home Affairs
South Sudan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Spain Ministry of the Interior Minister of Interior
Sri Lanka Ministry of Home Affairs and Public Administration Minister of Home Affairs and Public Administration
Sudan Ministry of Interior Affairs Minister of the Interior
Switzerland Federal Department of Home Affairs Member of the Swiss Federal Council
Syria Ministry of Interior
 Republic of China (Taiwan) Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Thailand Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
Tunisia Ministry of the Interior
Turkey Ministry of the Interior Minister of the Interior
Turkmenistan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Tajikistan Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
Ukraine Ministry of Internal Affairs Minister of Internal Affairs
United Arab Emirates UAE Ministry of Interior The Interior Minister
United Kingdom Home Office
Ministry of Justice
Attorney General's Office
Department for Communities and Local Government
Secretary of State for the Home Department ( Home Secretary )
Lord Chancellor/Secretary of State for Justice
Attorney General for England and Wales
Secretary of State for Communities and Local Government
United States Department of Homeland Security
Department of Justice
Secretary of Homeland Security
Attorney General
Uruguay Ministry of Interior Minister of the Interior
Venezuela Ministry of Interior and Justice Minister of Interior and Justice
Vietnam Ministry of Public Security
Ministry of Home Affairs
Minister of Public Security
Minister of Home Affairs
Zimbabwe Ministry of Home Affairs Minister of Home Affairs

See also

References

  1. ^ MHA, India. "Ministry of Home Affairs, India". Union Government of India. Govt of India, National Informatics Centre. Retrieved 31 March 2014. 
  2. ^ MHA, Govt of India. "Pink Book" (PDF). http://mha.nic.in/. Retrieved 24 June 2014. 
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