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Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal

Maria Antonia of Portugal
Titular Duchess of Parma
Tenure 14 January 1884 – 16 November 1907
Spouse Robert I, Duke of Parma
Princess Maria della Neve Adelaide
Prince Sixtus
Xavier, Duke of Parma
Princess Francesca
Zita, Empress of Austria
Prince Félix of Luxembourg
Prince René
Princess Maria Antonia
Princess Isabella
Prince Louis
Princess Henrietta Anna
Prince Thomas
Full name
Maria Antónia Adelaide Camila Carolina Eulália Leopoldina Sofia Inês Francisca de Assis e de Paula Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga Gregória Bernardina Benedita Andrea
House House of Braganza
Father Miguel I of Portugal
Mother Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg
Born (1862-11-28)28 November 1862
Bronnbach, Germany
Died 14 May 1959(1959-05-14) (aged 96)
Berg Castle, Luxembourg
Religion Roman Catholicism

Infanta Maria Antónia of Portugal (Maria Antónia Adelaide Camila Carolina Eulália Leopoldina Sofia Inês Francisca de Assis e de Paula Micaela Rafaela Gabriela Gonzaga Gregória Bernardina Benedita Andrea; 28 November 1862 – 14 May 1959) was a Portuguese infanta, the seventh and last child of Miguel I of Portugal and Adelaide of Löwenstein-Wertheim-Rosenberg.

Infanta of Portugal

She was born in exile in Germany as her father had been banished from Portugal by his brother Pedro after losing the Portuguese throne in the Liberal Wars.


On October 15, 1884 at Schloss Fischorn, Maria Antonia married Robert I, Duke of Parma as his second wife. She bore him twelve children. Maria Antonia was widowed when Robert died at Villa Pianore on November 16, 1907. Later on she resided with her daughter Zita while in exile. By 1940, Zita and her family, Maria Antonia and her daughter Isabella were living in reduced circumstances in Quebec. Eventually, after the War's end, Maria Antonia moved to Berg Castle, Luxembourg where she celebrated her 90th birthday. After lingering for many years, she died there in 1959 aged 96. Many of her children and grandchildren have also lived very long lives.

Titles, styles, honours and arms

Titles and styles

  • 28 November 1862 - 14 January 1884 Her Royal Highness Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal
  • 14 January 1884 - 16 November 1907 Her Royal Highness The Duchess of Parma
  • 16 November 1907 - 14 May 1959 Her Royal Highness The Dowager Duchess of Parma


Name Birth Death Notes
Princess Maria della Neve Adelaide August 5, 1885 February 6, 1959(1959-02-06) (aged 73) A Benedictine nun in the Monastery of Solesmes (France).
Prince Sixtus (Sisto, "Sixte") August 1, 1886 March 14, 1934(1934-03-14) (aged 47) Married Hedwige de La Rochefoucauld and had a daughter, Isabelle.
Prince Xavier, Duke of Parma May 25, 1889 May 7, 1977(1977-05-07) (aged 87) Married Madeleine de Bourbon-Busset and had issue. Head of the Ducal Family of Parma (1974–77). Carlist pretender to the throne of Spain.
Princess Francesca April 22, 1890 October 7, 1978(1978-10-07) (aged 88) A Benedictine nun at the Monastery of Solesmes.
Princess Zita May 9, 1892 March 14, 1989(1989-03-14) (aged 96) Married Emperor Karl of Austria.
Prince Felix October 28, 1893 April 8, 1970(1970-04-08) (aged 76) Married Grand Duchess Charlotte of Luxembourg, his first cousin (their mothers were sisters).
Prince René October 17, 1894 July 30, 1962(1962-07-30) (aged 67) Married Princess Margrethe of Denmark and has issue.
Princess Maria Antonia November 7, 1895 October 19, 1937(1937-10-19) (aged 41) A nun at the Benedictine Monastery of Solesmes (France).
Princess Isabella June 14, 1898 July 28, 1984(1984-07-28) (aged 86) Died unmarried, was a nun.
Prince Louis (Luigi) December 5, 1899 December 4, 1967(1967-12-04) (aged 67) Married Princess Maria Francesca of Savoy and had issue.
Princess Henrietta Anna March 8, 1903 June 13, 1987(1987-06-13) (aged 84) Died unmarried, was profoundly deaf.
Prince Gaetano June 11, 1905 March 9, 1958(1958-03-09) (aged 52) Married Princess Margherita della Torre e Tasso (1909–2006) daughter of Alessandro, 1st Duke of Castel Duino; they had a daughter, Diana, and later divorced.


See also

  • Descendants of Miguel I of Portugal
Infanta Maria Antonia of Portugal
Cadet branch of the Capetian dynasty
Born: 28 November 1862 Died: 14 May 1959
Titles in pretence
Preceded by
Princess Maria Pia of the Two Sicilies
Duchess of Parma
14 January 1884 – 16 November 1907
Reason for succession failure:
Annexed by Kingdom of Italy
Succeeded by
Madeleine de Bourbon
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