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Imola

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Subject: Sacmi, Cincinnato Baruzzi, Girolamo Riario, Manuel Lacunza, Alice Balducci
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Imola

Imola
Jômla • Jemula • Iommla
Comune
Comune di Imola
Rocca Sforzesca.
Rocca Sforzesca.
Imola is located in Italy
Imola
Location of Imola in Italy
Coordinates:
Country Italy
Region Emilia-Romagna
Province Bologna (BO)
Frazioni Cantalupo, Càsola Canina, Chiusura, Fabbrica, Giardino, Linaro, Montecatone, Piratello, Ponticelli, San Prospero, Sasso Morelli, Selva, Sesto Imolese, Spazzate Sassatelli, Zello
Government
 • Mayor Daniele Manca (PD)
Area
 • Total 204.96 km2 (79.14 sq mi)
Elevation 47 m (154 ft)
Population (December 31, 2012)
 • Total 68,974
 • Density 340/km2 (870/sq mi)
Demonym(s) Imolesi
Time zone CET (UTC+1)
 • Summer (DST) CEST (UTC+2)
Postal code 40026
Dialing code 0542
Patron saint St. Cassian
Saint day August 13
Website Official website
The Cathedral of Imola, the seat of the Bishopric of Imola.

Imola (Emilian: Iommla, Romagnol: Jômla/Jemula) is a town and comune in the province of Bologna, located on the Santerno River, in the Emilia-Romagna region of north-central Italy. The town is traditionally considered the western entrance to the historical region Romagna.

The city is most noted as the home of the Autodromo Enzo e Dino Ferrari who formerly hosted the Formula One San Marino Grand Prix, (the race was named after the nearby independent republic of San Marino, as Monza already hosted the Italian Grand Prix), and the deaths of Formula One drivers Ayrton Senna (Brazilian) and Roland Ratzenberger (Austrian) at the circuit during the 1994 San Marino Grand Prix.

Contents

  • History 1
  • Main sights 2
  • Notable people 3
  • Medals and awards 4
  • International relations 5
  • Green Areas 6
    • Parco Acque Minerali 6.1
    • Parco Tozzoni 6.2
  • See also 7
  • Sources 8
  • External links 9

History

The city was anciently called Forum Cornelii, after the Roman dictator L. Cornelius Sulla, who founded it about 82 BC. The town was an agricultural and trade center, famous for its ceramics.

The name Imola was first used in the 7th century by the Lombards, who applied it to the fortress (the present Castellaccio, the construction of which is attributed to the Lombard Clefi), whence the name passed to the city itself. According to Paul the Deacon, Imola was in 412 the scene of the marriage of Ataulf, King of the Visigoths, to Galla Placidia, daughter of Emperor Theodosius the Great. In the Gothic War (535–552), and after the Lombard invasion, it was held alternately by the Byzantines and barbarians.

With the exarchate of Ravenna it passed under papal authority. In the ninth century it was bravely defended against the Saracens and Hungarians by Fausto Alidosi. In the tenth century Troilo Nordiglio acquired great power. This and the following centuries witnessed incessant wars against the Ravennatese, the Faentines and the Bolognese, as well as the internecine struggles of the Castrimolesi (from Castro Imolese, "castle of Imola") and the Sancassianesi (from San Cassiano). Amid these conflicts was formed the republican constitution of the city. In the contest between pope and emperor, Imola was generally Ghibelline, though it often returned to the popes (e.g. in 1248). Several times, powerful lords attempted to obtain the mastery of the city (Alidosi, 1292; Maghinardo Pagano, 1295). Pope Benedict XII turned the city and its territory over to Lippo II Alidosi with the title of pontifical vicar, the power remaining in the family Alidosi until 1424, when the condottiero Angelo della Pergola, "capitano" for Filippo Maria Visconti, gained the supremacy (see also Wars in Lombardy). In 1426 the city was restored to the Holy See, and the legate (later Cardinal) Capranica inaugurated a new regime in public affairs.

It was later ruled by various Julius II. The last trace of these contests was a bitter enmity between the Vaini and Sassatelli families.

Leonardo da Vinci's very accurate map of Imola, created for Cesare Borgia.

In 1797 the revolutionary French forces established a provisional government at Imola; in 1799 it was occupied by the Austrians; in 1800 it was united to the Cisalpine Republic. After that it shared the fortunes of the Romagna region.

Main sights

  • Rocca Sforzesca (Sforza Castle), built under the reign of Girolamo Riario and Caterina Sforza. Now houses a Cinema d'Estate which shows films in July and August. It also is the location of the world-famous International Piano Academy "Incontri col Maestro", founded in 1989 by Franco Scala.
  • Palazzo Tozzoni (Tozzoni's Mansion), built between 1726 and 1738 by the architect Domenico Trifogli, civic art museum since 1981.
  • Duomo (cathedral), dedicated to San Cassiano. Erected from 1187 to 1271, it was repeatedly restored in the following centuries, until a large renovation was held in 1765–1781. The façade dates to 1850.
  • Convento dell'Osservanza, including the church of San Michele from 1472, to which later a convent with two cloisters was added. It houses a sarcophagus of Lucrezia Landriani (1496), mother of Caterina Sforza. The interior has a nave and an aisles, finished in 1942; it houses a fresco attributed to Guidaccio da Imola (1472). In the apse is a Byzantine-style crucifix from the 15th century. The first cloister, dating to 1590, had originally 35 frescoes of stories of St. Francis, 15 of which went lost. In the garden annexed to the church is a precious Pietà in terracotta of late-15th century Bolognese or Faenza school.

Noteworthy are also the Farsetti and the Communal palaces. In the latter is a fresco representing Clement VII and Charles V (1535) passing through the city. The public library was established in 1747 by the Conventual Padre Setti. In the 16th century, the Accademia degli Industriosi flourished.

Notable people

Medals and awards

  • On 12 June 1984, Imola was awarded the Medaglia d'Oro al Valor Militare (Gold Purple Heart) for the role of the city in the Italian resistance movement
  • On 2 June 1971, the city was awarded the Medaglia d'oro ai benemeriti della scuola della cultura e dell'arte (Gold Merit Badge of the Art and Culture School).

International relations

Imola is twinned with:

Green Areas

Parco Acque Minerali

The Acque Minerali Park is located next to Sauterne river, on the hills of the city. The park was created in the beginning of XX century, but the discovery go the Mineral water was antecedent, on 1830, by Gioacchino Cerhiari.

Parco Tozzoni

The Tozzoni Park is located on a big hilly area on the side of the city. The park is public since April 1ˢᵀ, 1978. The Tozzoni family bought the park in 1882 and used it as a hunting reserve, naming it "Parco del Monte" [lit. Park of the mountain].

See also

Sources

  1. ^ "Međunarodna suradnja Grada Pule". Grad Pula (in Croatian and Italian). Archived from the original on 2012-05-05. Retrieved 2013-07-28. 
  2. ^ Francis, Valerie. "Twin Town News - Colchester, Avignon, Imola and Wetzlar" (PDF). The Colchester Twinning Society. Retrieved 2013-07-22. 
  •  

External links

  • Accademia Pianistica Internazionale
  • WorldStatesmen- Italian early states A-N, listing the lords
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