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Hüma Hatun

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Hüma Hatun

Hüma Hatun
Born Hatice Âlime
c. 1410
Devrekani, Jandarid Principality
Died September 1449
Bursa, Ottoman Empire
Resting place Muradiye Mosque, Bursa
Residence Bursa
Ethnicity Undetermined
Religion Islam
Spouse(s) Murad II
Children Mehmed II

Hatice Âlime (Halime) Hüma Hatun (Ottoman Turkish: هما خاتون‎, c. 1410 - September 1449) was the fourth wife of Ottoman Sultan Murad II and mother of Mehmed II.

Contents

  • Origin 1
  • Life 2
  • See also 3
  • Further reading 4
  • References 5
  • External links 6

Origin

She was a slave girl.[1] Nothing is known of her family background, apart from the fact that an Ottoman inscription (vakfiye) describes her as Hātun binti Abdullah (Daughter of Abdullah); at that time, people who converted to Islam were given the name Abdullah meaning Servant of God,[2] this is evidence of her non-Muslim origin.[3] Her name, hüma, means "bird of paradise", after the Persian legend.[3] There are several theories on her origin.

  • She was an Italian named Stella.[3] Stella was a popular Jewish name, thus she may have been Jewish.

Life

She was married to Murad II in 1426.

She died in September 1449 in Bursa. Her tomb is located at the site known as "Hatuniye Kümbedi" (Hatuniye Tomb) to the east of Muradiye Mosque. The quarter where her tomb lies has been known thus far as Hüma Hatun Quarter.[7] Her name is not inscribed on the 1449 dated epitaph of the türbe, but she is praised as an excellent Muslim mother. In addition, her name is given as "Hüma Hatun", the mother of Mehmed II in Bursa Şer’iyye sicils (The notebooks number 31, 201 and 370).

Hüma Hatun should not be confused with Tacünnisa Hatun, daughter of Isfendiyar Bey, the seventh ruler of Isfendiyarids.

See also

Further reading

  • Peirce, Leslie P., The Imperial Harem: Women and Sovereignty in the Ottoman Empire, Oxford University Press, 1993, ISBN 0-19-508677-5 (paperback).
  • Yavuz Bahadıroğlu, Resimli Osmanlı Tarihi, Nesil Yayınları (Ottoman History with Illustrations, Nesil Publications), 15th Ed., 2009, ISBN 978-975-269-299-2 (Hardcover).

References

  1. ^ Doukas (1 January 1975). Decline and Fall of Byzantium to the Ottoman Turks. Wayne State University Press. p. 304.  
  2. ^ John Freely (2009). The Grand Turk: Sultan Mehmet II - Conqueror of Constantinople, Master of an Empire and Lord of Two Seas. I.B.Tauris.  
  3. ^ a b c Franz Babinger (1992). Mehmed the Conqueror and His Time. Princeton University Press. p. 11.  
  4. ^ Li Tang; Dietmar W. Winkler (2013). From the Oxus River to the Chinese Shores: Studies on East Syriac Christianity in China and Central Asia. LIT Verlag Münster. pp. 308–.  
  5. ^ "Turkey: The Imperial House of Osman". web.archive.org. Retrieved 6 February 2014. 
  6. ^ Steven Runciman (1990). Die Eroberung von Konstantinopel 1453. C.H.Beck. pp. 59–.  
  7. ^ Ahmed Akgündüz, Said Öztürk (2011). Ottoman History: Misperceptions and Truths. Oxford University Press.  

External links

  • Osmanlı Padişahlarının yabancı anneleri ve padişahların yabancılarla evlenme gerekçeleri. Cafrande Kültür Sanat ve Hayat. 13 March 2008. General Culture
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