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Grdeša

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Grdeša

Grd / Grdeša
The tombstone of Grd
Born ca. 1120
Died 1178 or ca. 1180
Occupation Nobility, military leader
Title župan
Religion Eastern Christianity
Military career
Allegiance Kingdom of Hungary, Serbian Grand Principality
Years of service fl. 1150–1151
Battles/wars

  • Battle of Tara (1150)

Grd or Grdeša (Bosnian: Grdeša, Croatian: Grdeša, Serbian: Грд, Грдеша, Latin: Gerdessa, Gurdeses; ca. 1120 – 1180) was the provincial lord (župan) of Trebinje (Travunia) (r. ca. 1145 – 1162) and a military commander in the service of Uroš II Vukanović of the Serbian Grand Principality.

Life

It is believed that Grdeša was born around 1120. In 1150 he was one of the military commanders in the army of Uroš II that fought the Byzantine Empire; the combined Serbo-Hungarian army suffered defeat at the Battle of Tara, where Grd and fellow Duke Vučina where captured.[1] It is assumed the prisoners were taken to Sredets (Sofia), but were released in 1151.[2] The death of Grd is placed in 1178 or around 1180.[2] He had a son, župan Pribilša, who "died in the time of Vladislav".[3]

His tomb (Stećak) was found at the local community of Police in Trebinje.[4] The tablet mentions him "in the days of Grand Prince Mihailo" (Mihailo III of Duklja) as the župan of Trebinje, and also his brother župan Radomir, and his family.[3][4] The stećak is the oldest found and is currently held at the Museum of Herzegovina in Trebinje.[5] A spur of his is in the collection of the National Museum in Sarajevo.

A charter was found, claiming to be dating to 1151, where Desa, the younger brother of Uroš II, gifted the island of Mljet to the monastery of Saint Mary in Apulia, of which witnesses were "iupanus Gerdessa, Desimir, setnicus Rastessa, iupanos Grubessa, Petrus comes Raguseorum...", however, this was proven to be a falsification dating from the 13th century.[6][7]


Notes

References

  • Joannes Cinnamus (1976), ISBN 978-0-231-04080-8
  • Konstantin Jireček, Vatroslav Jagić (1912), Staat und Gesellschaft im mittelalterlichen Serbien: Studien zur Kulturgeschichte des 13.-15. Jahrhunderts, Volumes 1-4, Zentralantiquariat der Deutschen Demokratischen Republik (German)
  • Rade Mihaljčić (1982), ISBN 978-3-515-03873-7 (German)
  • Vizantološki institut SANU (2007), „Vizantijski izvori za istoriju naroda Jugoslavije IV“ (fototipsko izdanje originala iz 1971), Beograd. ISBN 978-86-83883-10-3 (Serbian)
  • Vizantološki institut SANU (1963), "Zbornik radova, Book 8, Part 1", Naučno delo (Serbian)
  • Radojičić Đorđe, Sp. (1931) Grdeša trebinjski župan XII veka. Prilozi za KJIF (Serbian)
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