World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Georgetown, Guyana

Article Id: WHEBN0000056702
Reproduction Date:

Title: Georgetown, Guyana  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject:
Collection: Capitals in South America, Georgetown, Guyana, History of Guyana, Populated Places Established in the 18Th Century, Populated Places in Guyana, Port Cities in South America
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Georgetown, Guyana

City of Georgetown
Georgetown
City

View of Georgetown from the Stabroek Market
City of Georgetown
Location in Guyana
Coordinates:
Country  Guyana
Region Demerara-Mahaica
Established 1781
Named 29 April 1812
Government
 • Type Mayor-Council
 • Mayor Hamilton Greene
Area
 • Water 10 sq mi (30 km2)
 • Urban 20 sq mi (50 km2)
 • Metro 57 sq mi (150 km2)
Elevation -6 ft (-2 m)
Population (2012)
 • City 235,017
Time zone UTC-4
Area code(s) 231, 233, 225, 226, 227

Georgetown is the

  • Outsourcing in Georgetown, Guyana from news publication, Nearshore Americas.
  • Site with photos and maps of Guyana and Georgetown
  • [1]
  • Georgetown Chamber of Commerce & Industry
  • Tour of Georgetown with images
  • Site about Georgetown with many images
  • Photo gallery
  • Photo gallery of Georgetown and Guyana
  • Photo gallery of Georgetown and Guyana
  • The Tramways of Georgetown, British Guiana
  • Article about the 1945 fire, with images
  • Article: Guyana's Capital, Tropical Victorian

External links

  1. ^ "Guyana: Well Positioned for Future Growth and Success". Nearshore Americas. Retrieved 18 March 2014. 
  2. ^ "Climatological Information for Georgetown, Guyana". Retrieved 30 December 2011. 
  3. ^ "Electricity Rates | GPL Inc". GPL Inc. 1 February 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  4. ^ "Impact of Increased Cost of Living in Guyana". Baiganchoka. 17 April 2008. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 
  5. ^ "Bureau of Statistics - Guyana". Statisticsguyana.gov.gy. Retrieved 30 April 2010. 

References

Georgetown has several sister cities, as designated by Sister Cities International:

Sister cities

  • Dr. Walter Rodney, world-renowned historian of Africa, born in Georgetown, Guyana.
  • Sudesh Fitzgerald, professional darts player, born in Georgetown.
  • C. C. H. Pounder, a Guyanese-American actress born in Georgetown.
  • Anthony Chinn, a supporting actor who appeared in over 50 films and television series throughout a career which spanned more than four decades.
  • Slovenian lyricist, considered as the greatest lyricist in Slovenian history of popular music. He wrote about 600 Slovenian lyrics in total for different artists. More than 25 of them are mega hits in Slovenia. One of this songs is "Dan ljubezni", a Slovenian (Yugoslavian) song, performed at Eurovision Song Contest 1975.

Notable people

  • Power is supplied by the state-owned and controlled Guyana Power and Light.
  • Water and solid waste disposal is handled by state-owned Guyana Water Incorporated.
  • Telephone and high-speed Internet access are supplied by U.S.-owned Guyana Telephone & Telegraph Company.
  • Cellular services are also provided by Digicel and U.S.-owned Guyana Telephone & Telegraph Company.
  • Satellite television services are offered by Sky Digital Networks (Guyana) Inc.
  • Satellite television services are offered by DirecTV Caribbean.
  • Wireless Internet and Communication services are provided by Java Technologies and Globespan Technology.

Utilities

There are many tourist attractions in Georgetown, including tourism. Also, there's a Zoo, Lighthouse, and even an Ameridian Huts.

Tourism

Georgetown is served by the Brazil, and once-daily connections to Paramaribo, Suriname via a ferry crossing on the Corentyne River. Transportation can be by bus, car, or boat. The Berbice River Bridge is also transfer to get to Georgetown or any where else.

Travel

  • Republic Park
  • Nandy Park
  • Providence
  • Felicity
  • Bel Air
  • Vreed en Hoop
  • Kingston
  • Subryanville
  • Lamaha Gardens

Suburban Georgetown consists of Greater Georgetown and Uptown Georgetown and contains the following suburbs of the city :

The International Conference Centre
Providence Stadium hosted several 2007 Cricket World Cup, replacing Bourda as the national stadium and test venue

Suburbs

Of the 134,497 people accounted for by the 2002 Guyanese Census, about 70,962 (53%) listed themselves as East Indian; 31,902 (24%) as mixed; 26,542 (20%) as Black/African; 1,441 (1.1%) as Amerindian; 1075 (0.4%) as Portuguese; 475 (0.35%) as Chinese; 2,265 (1.7%) as "don't know/not stated"; 196 (0.15%) as white not of Portuguese descent; 35 as "other".[5]

Demographics

  • Sheriff Street - Guyana's main entertainment area; contains most of the city's clubs, bars and restaurants.
  • Regent Street - Georgetown's premier shopping district.

West of Stabroek Market is the Port of Georgetown, the largest and busiest shipping point in Guyana. Stabroek Market itself contains the Ministry of Labour as well as the Ministry of Human Services and Social Security. It is also the host facility for the equally famous Stabroek markets.

North of Georgetown lies Main Street, where the Head of State's official residence can be found along with several other important Government buildings including the Ministry of Finance. East of Georgetown stretches towards the Avenue of the Republic where Georgetown's City Hall building is located as well as the St. George's Cathedral. Also on the East side is Brickdam which is the single most concentrated area of Executive departments and agencies. The Ministries of Health, Education, Home Affairs, Housing and Water are all located on Brickdam.

Known for its historic importance, Georgetown remains the administrative centre for the central Government.

Colonial residence in Georgetown

City neighbourhoods

South Georgetown - incorporated communities of neighbourhoods along the eastern bank of the Demerara River such as Sophia, Roxanne Burnham Gardens, Albouystown, and Agricola. Those are well known and highly regarded poor areas of the city. Some areas such as Houston Estates, Ruimvelt and Thirst Park have retained high levels of affluence.

  • The University of Guyana (Headquarters)
  • The Cyril Potter College of Education
  • The Caribbean Community Secretariat (Headquarters of CARICOM)
  • The Guyana International Conference Centre
  • Ocean View International Hotel
  • Guyana Sugar Corporation (Headquarters of the country's largest corporation)
  • Ogle Airport (Guyana's local air transport facility)

Greater Georgetown contains some notable places such as:

Greater Georgetown - contains some of the most expensive and luxurious metropolitan neighbourhoods. Bel Air Park, Bel Air Gardens, Lamaha Gardens and Bel Air Springs are well known ultimately as places for the rich and powerful. Most residents here are high ranking executives or government officials. These close gated neighbourhoods of the city are mostly concentrated in the northeastern part towards Greater Georgetown and the Atlantic.

Georgetown - referring to Central Georgetown includes the Business district as well as the seat of the national Government.

Georgetown has expanded dramatically through the years and may be divided into three Geographical regions:

Regions of Georgetown

Georgetown is the seat of the University of Guyana and the Caribbean Community (CARICOM) Secretariat which are both located at Turkeyen, on the city's outskirts.

The City is protected from the Atlantic Ocean by the Georgetown Seawall.

The northern area of the city near the Atlantic coast contains Georgetown Lighhouse is a famous landmark.

To the south of this region is where the neo-St. Andrew's Kirk (1818) and Independence Arch.

The Georgetown Cenotaph, at Main and Church Streets, was built in 1923. It is the site of Remembrance Day (Remembrance Sunday) services in November each year.

St. George's Anglican Cathedral

Most of the main buildings are centred around the western region of the town. Around the western-central area is Independence Square and Promenade Gardens, the mandirs in Georgetown.

Georgetown is laid out in a north-south, east-west grid, interlaced with canals protected by kokers, or sluices, built by the Dutch and later the British that provide drainage to a city that lies 0.91 metres (3 ft) below high-tide level. A long sea wall helps prevent flooding. The city has numerous boulevards and contains many wooden colonial buildings and markets.

Points of interest

Georgetown's theatre scene is dominantly concentrated on the stages of the National Cultural Centre. Plays are also staged at the theatre guild of Guyana. This is the oldest theatrical performance facility in Guyana. It was opened in 1957 and restored in 2007.

National Cultural Centre auditorium

Performing arts

Politics

Many items used in daily life are imported with high transportation cost involved. Monopoly in some business sectors further raising the prices of common commodities. Electricity prices are about US$0.33 per unit.[3] A domestic gas bottle (or gas cylinder) is over US$20.[4] Rent for a two bedroom apartment is about US$175–200 per month in safe city center locations.

Cost of living

Most of West Coast, East Bank, East Coast and Berbice, Guyana are served by numerous private buses. Also taxis serve almost everywhere along the coast, primarily (in large numbers) Georgetown.

Mass transport

The Cheddi Jagan International Airport/Timehri acts as the air transportation hub of the city, which is located on the right bank of the Demerara River, 41 kilometres south of Georgetown.

The government is working to rehabilitate all roads in the country.

Closer to the city is the newly expanded Demerara Harbour Bridge and many newly constructed highways.

Georgetown is Guyana's largest urban centre, containing a large portion of its commerce. It is an important city for Guyana and the Caribbean. Within the metro area there is the Caribbean Airlines (the airline formerly known as BWIA or ""bwee""), LIAT, META, and Travel Span GT.

Economy

Georgetown is the seat of the central Government of Guyana. All Executive Departments are located in the city. State House (the official residence of the Head of State), as well as the offices and residence of the Head of Government, are both located in the city. Georgetown is the capital city as well as the main economic base of Guyana.

Law Courts
Parliament Georgetown Guyana

The capital city

Climate data for Georgetown
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Average high °C (°F) 28.6
(83.5)
28.9
(84)
29.2
(84.6)
29.5
(85.1)
29.4
(84.9)
29.2
(84.6)
29.6
(85.3)
30.2
(86.4)
30.8
(87.4)
30.8
(87.4)
30.2
(86.4)
29.1
(84.4)
29.63
(85.33)
Daily mean °C (°F) 26.1
(79)
26.4
(79.5)
26.7
(80.1)
27.0
(80.6)
26.8
(80.2)
26.5
(79.7)
26.6
(79.9)
27.0
(80.6)
27.5
(81.5)
27.6
(81.7)
27.2
(81)
26.4
(79.5)
26.82
(80.28)
Average low °C (°F) 23.6
(74.5)
23.9
(75)
24.2
(75.6)
24.4
(75.9)
24.3
(75.7)
23.8
(74.8)
23.5
(74.3)
23.8
(74.8)
24.2
(75.6)
24.4
(75.9)
24.2
(75.6)
23.8
(74.8)
24.01
(75.21)
Rainfall mm (inches) 185.2
(7.291)
88.5
(3.484)
111.0
(4.37)
140.5
(5.531)
285.5
(11.24)
327.7
(12.902)
268.0
(10.551)
201.4
(7.929)
97.5
(3.839)
107.2
(4.22)
185.9
(7.319)
261.9
(10.311)
2,260.3
(88.987)
Avg. rainy days (≥ 1.0 mm) 16 10 10 12 19 23 21 15 9 9 12 18 174
Mean monthly sunshine hours 201.5 211.8 220.1 198.0 179.8 156.0 201.5 232.5 231.0 235.6 210.0 186.0 2,463.8
Source: Hong Kong Observatory[2]

Georgetown has a year-round hot trade winds blowing in from the North Atlantic and rarely sees temperatures above 31 degrees Celsius.

Climate

Georgetown is located on Guyana's Atlantic coast on the east bank of Demerara River estuary. The terrain in this part of the country where the city is located is flat coastal plains. The city is surrounded by a blanket of cane fields along with marshy swamps, and savannah lands on its east and south. The Elevation of the land is one metre below the high tide level. This low elevation is protected by a retaining wall known as the seawall to keep the ocean out and an innovative network of canals with kokers to drain the city of excess water.

Geography

In 1945 a large fire (The Great Fire) broke out in the city causing widespread damage.

Bourda Street and the ward of Bourda were named after Joseph Bourda, Member of the Court of Policy and former owner of Pln. Vlissengen. It was laid out by the Commissioner of Vlissengen in 1879. The Bourda Cemetery holds the remains of many old citizens of Georgetown. Only those persons who owned family vaults or burial rights in the enclosed ground used it.

Lacytown was another leasehold portion of Plantation Vlissengen. L.M. Hill claims that it was named after General Sir De Lacy Evans, a Crimean war hero. However, James Rodway claims that it was named after George Lacy who bought part of the plantation from R.B. Daly, representative of Vlissengen. The owner of Vlissengen was Joseph Bourda, Member of the Court of Policy. After his son and heir disappeared at sea, the government claimed the property under the authority of the Vlissengen Ordinance of 1876. A new district of Bourda was laid out and Lacytown was improved by the Board of Vlissengen Commissioners.

Water Street was so called because it ran along the riverside and formed the original river dam. High Street formed the leading road from the East Bank to the East Coast of Demerara. The part of High Street that ran through Cummingsburg was called Main Street. Camp Street received its name because it was the road which led to the camp or garrison at the northern end of the city. Kingston got its name from King George of England. It was part of Pln. Eve Leary which was named after the wife or daughter of its owner, Cornelis Leary. Some of the streets of Kingston have military names because the garrison used to be located there, e.g. Parade Street, Barrack Street and Fort Street.

Cummingsburg was originally named Pln. La Bourgade by its first owner, Jacques Salignac. It was laid out in streets and building lots by its second proprietor, Thomas Cuming, a Scotsman, after whom it is named. He made a presentation of the Militia Parade Ground and Promenade Gardens to the town as a gift. It is noteworthy that Carmichael Street was named after General Hugh Lyle Carmichael who served as Governor from 1812 to 1813. He died in March 1813 and was buried in the Officers' Cemetery, Eve Leary.

The names of Georgetown's wards and streets reflect the influence of the Dutch, French and English who administered the town at different periods of history.

Georgetown gained official city status on 24 August 1842 during the reign of Queen Victoria.

The Board of Police was abolished when an ordinance was passed to establish a Mayor and Town Council.

It was, therefore, decided that individuals elected to the Board were bound to serve for two years, or suffer a penalty of 1,000 guilders.

The post of Commisary of Police was not regarded as important. People elected to the Board invariably declined to attend meetings and never gave reasons for their refusal.

The Board met monthly but what was discussed is not on the records between 1825 and 1837. Newspapers in the colony were prohibited by law from reporting public matters.

The governing body of Georgetown was once a Board of Police. The Board of Police was chosen by the governor and the Court of Policy. It came into existence as the result of disputes among various organisations which controlled the districts.

By 1806 the owner of Vlissingen asked to be exempted from the responsibility of maintaining the road which is now called Camp Street, but the Court refused the request. In 1810 the maintenance of the roads in the area called Georgetown cost 11,000 guilders per annum.

The ordinance provided that the various districts of Georgetown shall be known by their own names. The supervision of Georgetown was to be done by a committee chosen by the Governor and Court of Policy. Estimates of expenditure were to be prepared.

It was renamed Georgetown on 29 April 1812 in honour of King George III. On 5 May 1812 an ordinance was passed to the effect that the town formerly called Stabroek, with districts extending from La Penitence to the bridges in Kingston and entering upon the road to the military camps, shall be called Georgetown.

View of the Kingston section of Georgetown in the 19th century

It was the French who made it a capital city when they colonized it in 1782. The French called the capital Longchamps. When the town was restored to the Dutch in 1784, it was renamed Stabroek after Nicolaas Geelvinck, Lord of Stabroek, and President of the Dutch West India Company. Eventually the town expanded and covered the estates of Vlissengen, La Bourgade and Eve Leary to the North, and Werk-en-rust and La Repentir to the South.

The city of Georgetown began as a small town in the 18th century. Originally, the capital of the Demerara-Essequibo colony was located on Borselen Island in the Demerara River under the administration of the Dutch. When the colony was captured by the British in 1781, Lieutenant-Colonel Robert Kingston chose the mouth of the Demerara River for the establishment of a town which was situated between Plantations Werk-en-rust and Vlissengen.

History

Contents

  • History 1
  • Geography 2
  • Climate 3
  • The capital city 4
  • Economy 5
    • Transportation 5.1
    • Mass transport 5.2
    • Cost of living 5.3
  • Politics 6
  • Performing arts 7
  • Points of interest 8
  • Regions of Georgetown 9
  • City neighbourhoods 10
  • Demographics 11
  • Suburbs 12
  • Travel 13
  • Tourism 14
  • Utilities 15
  • Notable people 16
  • Sister cities 17
  • References 18
  • External links 19

inhabitants. [1]

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.