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GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development


GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development

GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development
ГУАМ Організація за демократію та економічний розвиток
(GUAM Organizatsiya za demokratiyu ta ekonomichny rozvytok)
Locations of GUAM member states (orange) and observers (green) in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus.
Locations of GUAM member states (orange) and observers (green) in Eastern Europe and the Caucasus.
Headquarters Kiev, Ukraine
Official and
working language
Member states
 -  Secretary General Valeri Chechelashvili
 -  Consultative forum 10 October 1997 
 -  GUUAM 1999 
 -  Charter signed June 2001 
 -  Total 810,506 km2
312,938 sq mi
 -  2014 estimate 62,140,327
GDP (PPP) 2004 estimate
 -  Total 456,173
 -  Per capita 7,154

The GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development (kraineU, Azerbaijan, and Moldova.


  • Overview 1
  • Members 2
  • Organizational structure 3
  • History 4
  • Issues 5
  • Secretary General 6
  • See also 7
  • References 8
  • External links 9


GUAM's charter was signed during a summit in Yalta on 6 to 7 June 2001 by the four current members and Uzbekistan, which later withdrew. According to the former Ukrainian President Viktor Yushchenko the charter set objectives for cooperation, such as promoting democratic values, ensuring stable development, enhancing international and regional security and stepping up European integration.[2] Moldova's 2000 elections were won by the Party of Communists of the Republic of Moldova who subsequently realigned their foreign policy towards Europe shortly before the parliamentary election held in March 2005.

In June 2007, GUAM nations agreed to form a 500-personnel joint peacekeeping force to battle separatism.[3]

Given the existence of the Russian-led Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS), GUAM is sometimes seen in Russia as a way of countering the Russian influence in the area and as part of a strategy backed by the United States.[4] However, GUAM leaders repeatedly and officially dismiss such claims and declare their strong willingness to develop close friendly relations with Russia. Moreover, Azerbaijan, the group's main energy power, has managed to avoid any conflicts with Russia in recent years.

Although the largest portion of GUAM population is Ukrainians (71.3% as of 2014), the

  • GUAM News (subscribers only)
  • Baku Today

External links

  1. ^
  2. ^
  3. ^ Russia suspicious of GUAM motives. ETH. 2007-06-20.
  4. ^
  5. ^
  6. ^
  7. ^
  8. ^
  9. ^
  10. ^ Lithuanian President's Office: President to Attend GUAM Summit in Baku
  11. ^ Embassy of Azerbaijan in the U.S.: Baku hosts GUAM Second Summit
  12. ^
  13. ^ [1]
  14. ^


See also

Secretary General

Another of the issues associated with GUAM is competition between two proposed transportation corridors to better link Europe with Asia. Russia, Azerbaijan, and Iran have already been through rounds of negotiation on their plan, the North-South Transportation Corridor (INSTC); neighbouring countries (formerly, but no longer with the exception of Armenia) have expressed enthusiasm as well. This corridor would travel along the border between Russia and the Baltic states of the European Union, then continue south through Ukraine.

On 21 April 2005, the GUAM countries formed a common front on several issues in the CIS Foreign Ministers Council that was held at that time in Moscow. Ukraine, Georgia and Moldova lodged complaints against restriction imposed by Russia against some of their national products. At the same time, the four GUAM countries made a proposal to discuss the "frozen conflicts" of Transnistria, Abkhazia, South Ossetia (in which the separatist forces are Russian-supported) and Nagorno-Karabakh (sometimes these regions are referred to by the acronym TAKO[13] ). Lastly the other three GUAM nations supported Ukraine's proposal to condemn the Holodomor, the 1930s famine in Ukraine, as a genocide.[14]

• •


Ukrainian Foreign Minister Pavlo Klimkin said on December 5, 2014 that at a session in Basel, Switzerland, he proposed that participants speak English instead of Russian, which was the main language used in official gatherings in the Soviet Union. He said that the other representatives agreed.[12]

On 19 June 2007, presidents of Lithuania, Poland and Romania joined the leaders of GUAM member states at the GUAM summit in BSEC), UNESCO, and heads of diplomatic missions accredited in Azerbaijan.[11]

On 30 May 2006 the Ukrainian Defense Ministry announced plans to establish GUAM peacekeeping forces.[9]

From 22 to 23 May 2006, Ukraine and Azerbaijan announced plans to further increase the GUAM member relations by renaming the organization GUAM Organization for Democracy and Economic Development and establishing its headquarters in the Ukrainian capital.[8] The other members said this was a remarkable step and development. The summit participants were also expected to adopt GUAM by-laws, a declaration and a communiqué.

[7] A summit of GUUAM took place in

Cooperation between Georgia, Ukraine, Azerbaijan, and Moldova started with the GUAM consultative forum, established on 10 October 1997, in old Georgian flag and listed Uzbekistan as a member.

70-kopeck Ukrainian postage stamp commemorating the GUAM Summit held in Kiev, 22–23 May 2006.


  • Council of heads of states (Summit)
    • Council of Ministers of Foreign Affairs
    • Council of National Coordinators
    • Council of Permanent Representatives
  • Parliamentary Assembly
  • Business Council
  • Secretariat
  • There are seven working groups and a ruling committee as well as an economical forum that responsible to the Summit and Secretariat:
    • transport;
    • trade and economics;
    • power engineering;
    • information science and telecommunications;
    • tourism;
    • culture, science and education;
    • the struggle against dissemination of drugs;
      • Virtual law enforcement center (GUAM - USA)
    • ruling committee on cooperation in trade and transportation.
      • Project on cooperation in trade and transportation (GUAM - USA)
  • Cooperation with other countries and international organizations, particularly
    • GUAM - USA
      • Virtual law enforcement center
      • Project on cooperation in trade and transportation
    • GUAM - Japan
    • GUAM - Poland
    • United Nations
    • OSCE
    • others

Organizational structure




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