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FC Zenit Saint Petersburg

Zenit
Full name Футбольный клуб Зенит
(Football Club Zenit)
Nickname(s) Sine-Belo-Golubye (The Blue-White-Sky Blues)
Zenitchiki (The Anti-aircraft Gunners)
Bomzhi (The 'hobos')
Founded 30 May 1925 (1925-05-30)
Ground Petrovsky Stadium
Ground Capacity 21,405
Owner Gasprom
Chairman Aleksandr Dyukov
Manager André Villas-Boas
League Russian Premier League
2014–15 1st
Website Club home page

Football Club Zenit (Russian: Футбо́льный клуб «Зени́т» , Zenith), also known as Zenit Saint Petersburg, is a Russian football club from the city of Saint Petersburg. Founded in 1925 (or in 1914, according to some Russian sources), the club plays in the Russian Premier League. Zenit were the 2007, 2010, 2011–12 and 2014–15 champions of the Russian Premier League and the winners of both the 2007–08 UEFA Cup and the 2008 UEFA Super Cup.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Before Zenit 1.1
    • Formation of Zenit 1.2
    • Zenit in the Soviet League 1.3
    • Zenit in the Russian League 1.4
    • Spalletti era 1.5
    • Villas-Boas Era 1.6
  • Stadiums 2
  • Achievements 3
    • Domestic competitions 3.1
    • International competitions 3.2
    • Other 3.3
  • League and cup history 4
    • Soviet Union 4.1
    • Russia 4.2
  • League results 5
  • Players 6
    • Current squad 6.1
    • Out on loan 6.2
    • Youth team and Zenit-2 squad 6.3
    • Reserve squad 6.4
    • Team captains 6.5
  • Club officials 7
    • Board of directors 7.1
    • Management 7.2
  • Kit makers 8
  • Presidents 9
  • Head coaches 10
  • UEFA ranking 11
  • Notable players 12
  • Partnership 13
    • Other football clubs 13.1
    • Corporations 13.2
  • Notes 14
  • References 15
  • External links 16

History

Before Zenit

Zenit's history is tightly connected with the political history of Saint Petersburg, Russia (also called "Petrograd" and "Leningrad" at times in its history). In 1897, the first football match in Russia was held in Saint Petersburg on Vasilievsky Island, an unofficial game between the local English team "Ostrov" and the local Russian team "Petrograd," which the English team won, 6–0. The players of those local teams were amateurs and loosely associated with each other. At the same time, several formal football clubs were founded in Saint Petersburg, mainly around large industrial companies. Players' membership was unofficial and very loose, however, sometimes allowing the same players to play for several different teams during the same season.

Formation of Zenit

The original team Zenit stemmed from several football teams, which changed names and owners many times during the Soviet era after the Revolution of 1917. Powerful political forces manipulated the careers of individual players as well as the fate of the whole team. The club was renamed several times, and its owners and leaders were under political pressure for many decades. The origins of Zenit date back to the beginning of the 20th century, to several predecessor teams in Saint Petersburg that were playing locally. The oldest documented predecessor of Zenit was team "Murzinka," founded in 1914, which played in the same Obukhovsky stadium from 1914 until 1924, when the team became to be called "Bolshevik" (the new name for Obukhovsky industry and its stadium). The team and stadium survived the drama of World War I, the Bolshevik revolution of 1917, and the Russian Civil War of 1918 to 1922.

In 1925, another predecessor team of Zenit was formed, of workers from the Leningradsky Metallichesky Zavod (Leningrad Metal Plant); they were called the "Stalinets" in the 1930s. (Stalinets translates literally to English as "Stalinists"; however, in Russian, the name is a play on words as stal means "steel" in that language.) Historians documented that both predecessor teams of Zenit were playing independently until their official merger at the end of 1939. The Stalinets were not the same team named Zenit that took part in the 1938 USSR championship. The current name of FC Zenit was registered in 1936, as Bolshevik became part of the Zenit sports society and was renamed, three years before the Stalinets merged with it. In 1939, during the rule of Joseph Stalin, Leningradsky Metallichesky Zavod became part of the military industry and its sports teams, players, and managers were transferred to the Zenit sports society. FC Zenit was ordered to take in members of the "Stalinets" metallurgical workers' team after the end of the 1939 season.

Zenit in the Soviet League

FC Zenit won their first honours in 1944, claiming the war-time USSR Cup after defeating CSKA in the well-attended final. The club was always adored in Leningrad, but was not able to make much of a significant impact in the Soviet League. In 1967, Zenit finished last but were saved from relegation because the Soviet leadership decided it would not be prudent to relegate a Leningrad team during the 50th anniversary of the October Revolution, which occurred in the city. Composer Dmitry Shostakovich and film star Kirill Lavrov were well known as ardent supporters of Zenit, a passion that is reflected in their attendance of many games. FC Zenit won the bronze medal in 1980, also reaching the Soviet Cup Final and winning the Soviet League title in 1984. In 1985, Zenit beat the Soviet Cup holder in the Soviet Super Cup (also called the Season Cup).

Zenit in the Russian League

The LOMO optical plant took up the ownership of the team after the war. In 1990, FC Zenit were re-registered as an independent city-owned professional club. After being relegated in the first year of the Russian League (1992), Zenit returned to the top flight in 1996 and has been decent since. They claimed the 1999 Russian Cup, finished third in the League in 2001, made the Cup final in 2002, became the runners-up in the Premier League and won the Russian Premier League Cup in 2003.

In December 2005, Gazprom took a controlling stake in the club.[1] The deal was announced by Valentina Matviyenko, the Saint Petersburg governor. Gazprom bought the majority of the club and invested over $100 million, buying new players and building the new stadium.

Andrey Arshavin, one of the best players in Zenit history.

Although Zenit reached the quarterfinal of the UEFA Cup in 2006, a mediocre start to the league season led to the summer replacement of coach Vlastimil Petržela. In July 2006, Dick Advocaat [2] took over as Zenit's manager. Advocaat worked together with his assistant manager, former Netherlands National Youth Team coach Cor Pot. Zenit won the 2007 Russian Premier League—their best league achievement since winning the USSR Championship in 1984—allowing them to compete in the group stage of the Champions League 2008–09.

In 2008, Zenit won the Russian Super Cup and reached the quarter-final of the UEFA Cup for the second time in their history. In the first leg of the quarter-final away game against German side Bayer Leverkusen, the team achieved a 4–1 victory. They qualified for the semi-finals of the competition for the first time in their history, despite a 1–0 home loss to Leverkusen in the second leg, and were drawn to play further German opposition in the semi-final, Bayern Munich, considered the top team remaining.[3] A battling performance in the first leg of the semi-final earned Zenit a 1–1 draw away against Bayern Munich. In the second leg at home, Zenit won 4–0, defeating Bayern 5–1 on aggregate and going through to the UEFA Cup Final for the first time in club history, where they met Scottish side Rangers at the City of Manchester Stadium in Manchester on 14 May. Zenit won 2–0, with goals from Igor Denisov in the 72nd minute and Konstantin Zyryanov in stoppage time, to lift the club's first ever UEFA Cup. Andrey Arshavin was named man of the match.[4]

On 29 August 2008, at the Stade Louis II in Monaco, Zenit then defeated Manchester United 2–1 in the 2008 UEFA Super Cup, becoming the first Russian side to win the trophy. Pavel Pogrebnyak scored the first goal and Danny scored the second, the latter being named man of the match in his debut for Zenit.[5] In the 2008–09 Champions League Group Stage, Zenit was grouped with Real Madrid, Juventus and BATE Borisov in Group H, which by some was marked as the "group of death." Zenit ultimately finished in third place in the Group, behind Juventus and Real Madrid, and was thus unable to progress to the knockout phase of the competition. This position, however, was good enough to earn the club a place in the 2008–09 UEFA Cup last 32, where the team faced VfB Stuttgart for a place in the last 16 of the competition. After defeating Stuttgart on away goals, Zenit went on to lose 2–1 over two legs against Italian club Udinese.

Spalletti era

Zenit against Bayern Munich in 2011.

Luciano Spalletti signed a contract with Zenit in December 2009, with Italian coaches Daniele Baldini, Marco Domenichini and Alberto Bartali also joining the Russian club. The Board of Zenit mandated him to return the Russian Premier League title to Zenit, win the Russian Cup and progress from the Group Stage of the Champions League in his first year.

Zenit won the Russian Cup on 16 May 2010 after beating Sibir Novosibirsk in the final (previously beating Volga Tver in the quarterfinal and Amkar Perm in the semifinal). After 16 games in the 2010 Premier League, with 12 wins and four draws, Zenit claimed 40 points, setting a new Russian Premier League record for most points won at that stage of the campaign. In the summer transfer window of 2010, Spalletti made his first signings, securing forward Aleksandr Bukharov and midfielder Sergei Semak from Rubin Kazan; defenders Aleksandar Luković from Udinese and Bruno Alves from FC Porto.

Hulk.

On 25 August 2010, Zenit lost its first game under Spalletti to French side AJ Auxerre and failed to advance to the Champions League Group Stage, instead participating in the UEFA Europa League. On 3 October, Zenit beat Spartak Nalchik to set another Russian Premier League record for most consecutive games going undefeated, with 21 games since the start of the league season. On 27 October, however, Zenit suffered its first defeat of the season at the hands of rival club Spartak Moscow, just seven games short of finishing the championship undefeated. On 14 November, Zenit defeated FC Rostov and two games prior to the end of the season won the championship title, the first in Spalletti's managerial career.

Zenit progressed through the knockout stage of the 2010–11 UEFA Europa League in first place, then beating BSC Young Boys in the Round of 16. On 6 March 2011, Zenit won against CSKA Moscow in the Russian Super Cup, the third Russian trophy won under Spalletti. On 17 March, however, Zenit were knocked out of the UEFA Europa League, losing to Dutch team FC Twente 2–3 on aggregate in the quarterfinals.

In the 2011–12 Champions League, Zenit began the Group Stage drawn into Group G alongside FC Porto, Shakhtar Donetsk and APOEL. On 6 December 2011, the team finished the Group Stage in second place and for the first time in club's history qualified for the spring knockout phase of Champions League. In the Round of 16, Zenit were drawn with Portuguese side Benfica, winning the first leg 3–2 at home through two goals from Roman Shirokov and one from Sergei Semak. In the second leg in Lisbon, however, Zenit lost 2–0 and were thus eliminated from the competition.

In April 2012, Zenit won their second-straight Russian Championship after beating Dynamo Moscow.[6]

Villas-Boas Era

After a series of disappointing results in both the Champions League and the Premier League, Spalletti was fired on 11 March 2014.[7] A week later, the club announced they had negotiated a two-year deal with André Villas-Boas, who himself had been released a few months prior after a disappointing stint as manager of English side Tottenham Hotspur.[8] In the 2014-15 UEFA Europa League, Zenit was out in the quarter finals by Sevilla. In May 2015, Zenit won the Russian championship, the first championship title under Villas-Boas and the team's fifth-ever on the eve of its 90th anniversary celebration. Zenit then defeated Lokomotiv Moscow in the 2015 Russian Super Cup 1–1 (4–2 on penalties). In the 2015–16 Champions League, Zenit began the competition in the Group Stage.

Stadiums

Zenit's home ground is now the 21,500-capacity Petrovsky Stadium in Saint Petersburg.[9] In 2007, the club's former home base at the Kirov Stadium was demolished, to be replaced with a new stadium built for Zenit, Gazprom Arena. The new football stadium in Saint Petersburg is currently under construction. Once completed, it will host Zenit's home matches. The stadium will have a capacity of 64,287.[10]

Achievements

Domestic competitions

Champions (5): 1984, 2007, 2010, 2011–12, 2014–15
Runners-up (3): 2003, 2012–13, 2013–14
Champions (3): 1944, 1998–99, 2009–10
Runners-up (3): 1939, 1984, 2001–02
Champions (4): 1984, 2008, 2011, 2015
Runners-up (2): 2012, 2013
Champions: 2003
Runners-up: 1986
Champions: 1980

International competitions

Champions: 2007–08[13]
Champions: 2008[14]
Runner-up: 2000

Other

Winners: 2012
Runners-up (2): 2011, 2013

League and cup history

Soviet Union

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Domestic Cup Europe
1936 2nd 3 6 9 9 13
1936 2nd 6 7 6 13 12 Round of 16
1937 2nd 4 12 22 18 25 Round of 128
1938 1st 14 25 7 10 8 38 57 24 Round of 16
1939 1st 11 26 7 7 12 30 46 21 Runner-up
1940 1st 10 24 6 6 12 37 42 18
1944 Winner
1945 1st 6 8 7 7 35 31 23 Semi-final
1946 1st 9 22 5 5 12 22 45 15 Round of 16
1947 1st 6 24 10 2 12 35 49 22 Quarter-final
1948 1st 13 26 4 9 13 29 48 17 Round of 16
1949 1st 5 34 17 8 9 48 48 42 Quarter-final
1950 1st 6 36 19 5 12 70 59 43 Quarter-final
1951 1st 7 28 10 8 10 36 40 28 Round of 16
1952 1st 7 13 6 2 5 20 21 14 Quarter-final
1953 1st 5 20 11 1 8 25 21 23 Round of 16
1954 1st 7 24 8 7 9 27 26 23 Semi-final
1955 1st 8 22 5 8 9 23 36 18 Round of 16
1956 1st 9 22 4 11 7 27 43 19
1957 1st 10 22 4 7 11 23 41 15 Round of 16
1958 1st 4 22 9 8 5 41 32 26 Round of 16
1959 1st 8 22 8 4 10 29 38 20
1960 1st 15 30 14 5 11 47 37 33 Round of 32
1961 1st 13 32 12 8 12 50 52 32 Semi-final
1962 1st 11 32 11 7 14 53 42 29 Round of 32
1963 1st 6 38 14 17 7 45 32 45 Round of 32
1964 1st 11 32 9 9 14 30 35 27 Round of 16
1965 1st 9 32 10 12 10 32 32 32 Round of 32
1966 1st 16 36 10 8 18 35 54 28 Round of 16
1967 1st 19 36 6 9 21 28 63 21 Round of 32
1968 1st 11 38 10 14 14 35 49 34 Round of 32
1969 1st 9 26 6 9 11 21 34 21 Round of 16
1970 1st 14 32 10 7 15 30 40 27 Quarter-final
1971 1st 13 30 8 10 12 29 32 26 Quarter-final
1972 1st 7 30 11 11 8 44 30 33 Quarter-final
1973 1st 11 30 9 12 9 33 35 21 Round of 16
1974 1st 7 30 8 15 7 36 41 31 Round of 16
1975 1st 14 30 7 10 13 27 42 24 Round of 16
1976 1st 13 15 4 5 6 14 15 13
1976 1st 5 15 6 4 5 22 16 16 Round of 16
1977 1st 10 30 8 12 10 34 33 28 Semi-final
1978 1st 10 30 9 8 13 31 46 26 Quarter-final
1979 1st 10 34 11 9 14 41 45 30 Group stage
1980 1st 3 34 16 10 8 51 42 42 Group stage
1981 1st 15 34 9 10 15 33 43 28 Round of 16
1982 1st 7 34 12 9 13 44 41 33 Group stage UC First round
1983 1st 4 34 15 11 8 42 32 40 Semi-final
1984 1st 1 34 19 9 6 60 32 47 Runner-up
1985 1st 6 34 14 7 13 48 38 35 Semi-final
1986 1st 4 30 12 9 9 44 36 33 Semi-final ECC Second round
1987 1st 14 30 7 10 13 25 37 24 Round of 16
1988 1st 6 30 11 9 10 35 34 31 Round of 16 UC First round
1989 1st 16 30 5 9 16 24 48 19 Round of 16
1990 2nd 18 38 8 14 16 35 41 30 Round of 32 UC Second round
1991 2nd 18 42 11 14 17 44 50 36 Round of 32

Russia

Season Div. Pos. Pl. W D L GS GA P Cup Europe Top scorer
(league)
Head coach
1992 1st 16 30 10 8 12 39 45 28 Kulik – 13 Melnikov
1993 2nd,
"Centre"
2 38 25 8 5 87 33 58 Round of 32 Kulik – 36 Melnikov
1994 2nd 13 42 14 12 16 44 49 40 Round of 64 Kulik – 9 Melnikov
1995 3 42 24 5 13 68 42 77 Round of 32 Kulik – 19 Sadyrin
1996 1st 10 34 13 4 17 32 37 43 Round of 32 Kulik – 11 Sadyrin
1997 8 34 13 10 11 28 29 49 Semifinal Gorshkov – 5 Byshovets
1998 5 30 12 11 7 42 25 47 Round of 16 Panov – 8
Maksimyuk – 8
Byshovets
Davydov
1999 8 30 9 12 9 36 34 39 Winner Popovich – 7 Davydov
2000 7 30 13 8 9 38 26 47 Round of 32 UC
IC
1st round
Runner-up
Popovich – 10 Davydov
Morozov
2001 3 30 16 8 6 52 35 56 Round of 32 Popovich – 7 Morozov
2002 10 30 8 9 13 36 42 33 Runner-up Kerzhakov – 14 Morozov
Biryukov
Rappoport
2003 2 30 16 8 6 48 32 56 Round of 16 UC 1st round Kerzhakov – 13 Petržela
2004 4 30 17 5 8 55 37 56 Round of 16 Kerzhakov – 18 Petržela
2005 6 30 13 10 7 45 26 49 Semifinals UC Group stage Arshavin – 9 Petržela
2006 4 30 13 11 6 42 30 50 Semifinals UC Quarterfinals Arshavin – 7 Petržela
Borovička
Advocaat
2007 1 30 18 7 5 53 32 61 Quarterfinals Pogrebnyak – 11 Advocaat
2008 5 30 12 12 6 59 37 48 Quarterfinals UC Winner Tekke – 8 Advocaat
2009 3 30 15 9 6 48 27 54 Round of 32 UCL
UC
Group stage
Round of 16
Tekke – 8 Advocaat
Davydov
2010 1 30 20 8 2 61 21 68 Winner EL 1st round Kerzhakov – 13 Spalletti
2011–12 1 44 24 16 4 85 40 88 Quarterfinals UCL Round of 16 Kerzhakov – 23 Spalletti
2012–13 2 30 18 8 4 52 25 62 Semifinals UCL
EL
Group stage
Round of 16
Kerzhakov – 10 Spalletti
2013–14 2 30 19 6 5 63 32 63 Fifth Round UCL Round of 16 Hulk – 17 Spalletti
Semak
Villas-Boas
2014–15 1 29 19 7 3 57 17 59 Round of 16 UCL
EL
Round of 16
Quarterfinals
Hulk – 21 Villas-Boas

League results

Players

Current squad

As of 10 June 2015.[15]
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
1 GK Yury Lodygin
2 DF Aleksandr Anyukov (2nd vice-captain)
4 DF Domenico Criscito
5 MF Aleksandr Ryazantsev
6 DF Nicolas Lombaerts (1st vice-captain)
7 FW Hulk
10 MF Danny
13 DF Luís Neto
14 MF Artur Yusupov
16 GK Vyacheslav Malafeev
No. Position Player
17 MF Oleg Shatov
19 DF Igor Smolnikov
20 MF Viktor Fayzulin
21 MF Javi García
22 FW Artem Dzyuba
24 DF Ezequiel Garay
28 MF Axel Witsel
41 GK Mikhail Kerzhakov
71 GK Yegor Baburin
94 MF Aleksei Yevseyev

For recent transfers, see List of Russian football transfers summer 2015.

Out on loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
8 MF Pavel Mogilevets (at Rostov until 30 June 2016)

Youth team and Zenit-2 squad

As of 22 October 2015.

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
11 FW Aleksandr Kerzhakov
18 MF Konstantin Zyryanov
31 MF Denis Tkachuk
32 DF Artyom Sumin
36 FW Stanislav Krapukhin
37 FW Artyom Ponikarov
39 FW Vasili Zapryagayev
42 MF Konstantin Kotov
43 FW Pavel Nazimov
45 DF Artyom Vodyannikov
46 MF Vitali Gorulyov
47 MF Valeri Yaroshenko
49 MF Dmitri Pletnyov
50 DF Maksim Karpov
51 GK Maksim Rudakov
52 DF Andrei Ivanov
53 DF Ivan Ivanidi
54 MF Daniil Zuyev
55 DF Konstantin Lobov
56 DF Danil Krugovoy
57 DF Nikolai Tarasov
58 DF Ilya Zuyev
59 DF Sergei Bugriyev
60 MF Maksim Paliyenko
61 MF Dmitri Kirillov
62 DF Stepan Rebenko
63 DF Daniil Maykov
64 DF Nikita Novopashin
No. Position Player
65 MF Danila Yashchuk
66 FW Vadim Romanov
67 MF Nikita Andreyev
68 MF Vyacheslav Zinkov
69 DF Vladislav Nikitin
70 FW Dmitri Bogayev
72 DF Stanislav Mareyev
73 MF Pavel Osipov
74 MF Sergei Ivanov
75 DF Andrei Vasilyev
76 FW Pavel Kireyenko
79 MF Konstantin Troyanov
80 GK Mikhail Mzhelskiy
81 GK Andrei Strozhevskiy
82 MF Igor Drykov
83 GK Igor Obukhov
84 DF Feliks Shalimov
87 DF Artyom Vyatkin
88 MF Artyom Popov
89 FW Yevgeni Markov
91 FW Yegor Denisov
92 FW Pavel Dolgov
93 GK Mikhail Kizeyev
95 GK Aleksandr Vasyutin
96 DF Ilya Kubyshkin
97 FW Ruslan Suanov
98 FW Yevgeni Reutov
99 MF Ivan Solovyov

Reserve squad

Zenit's reserve squad played professionally as Zenit-2 (Russian Second League in 1993, Russian Second Division from 1998 to 2000) and Zenit-d (Russian Third League from 1994 to 1997). Another team that was founded as Lokomotiv-Zenit-2 played as Zenit-2 in the Russian Second Division from 2001 to 2008. By 2008, there was no relation between that team and FC Zenit. Another farm club called FC Smena-Zenit debuted in the Russian Second Division in 2009, taking the spot of the former FC Zenit-2. FC Smena-Zenit was dissolved after the 2009 season because it did not fulfill Zenit's initial expectations. Zenit-2 reentered professional football in the 2013–14 season in the Russian Professional Football League.

Team captains

Name Years
Oleg Dmitriyev 1993–94
Vladimir Kulik 1995–96
Yuriy Vernydub 1997–2000
Andrey Kobelev 2000–01
Aleksei Igonin 2001–03
Vladislav Radimov 2003–07
Andrey Arshavin 2007
Erik Hagen 2007
Anatoliy Tymoshchuk 2007–09
Vyacheslav Malafeev 2009
Aleksandr Anyukov 2009–12
Vyacheslav Malafeev 2012
Danny 2012–13
Roman Shirokov 2013
Danny 2014–

Club officials

Board of directors

Position Name
President Alexander Dyukov
General Director Maxim Mitrofanov
Sporting Director Dietmar Beiersdorfer
Deputy General Directors Dmitri Mankin
Deputy General Directors Ilya Gerkus
Deputy General Directors Rosteslav Leontyev
Deputy General Directors Zhanna Dembo
Deputy General Directors Yury Andreevich
Director of the "Smena" study-practice complex Vasily Kostrovsky

Source: fc-zenit.ru

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