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European Cup and Champions League finals

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European Cup and Champions League finals

List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League finals
European Cup/Champions League trophy
Founded 1955
Region Europe (UEFA)
Number of teams 32 (group stage)
2 (finalists)
Current champions Real Madrid (10th title)
Most successful club(s) Real Madrid (10 titles)
2014–15 UEFA Champions League

The UEFA Champions League is a seasonal association football competition established in 1955.[1] The UEFA Champions League is open to the league champions of all UEFA (Union of European Football Associations) member associations (except Liechtenstein, which has no league competition), as well as to the clubs finishing from second to fourth position in the strongest leagues.[2] Prior to the 1992–93 season, the tournament was named the European Cup.[1] Originally, only the champions of their respective national league and the defending champion of the competition were allowed to participate. However, this was changed in 1997 to allow the runners-up of the stronger leagues to compete as well.[3] The defending champion of the competition did not automatically qualify until the rules were changed in 2005 to allow title holders Liverpool to enter the competition.[4]

Prior to 2009, if a team won the UEFA Champions League three times in a row, or five times overall, they were allowed to keep the European Champion Clubs' Cup and a new one was commissioned.[5] Five teams earned this privilege; Real Madrid, Ajax, Bayern Munich, Milan and Liverpool.[6] However, since 2009, the original trophy, which is presented to the winners on their victory, is retained by UEFA, with a full-size replica produced for that season's champions.[7]

A total of 22 clubs have won the Champions League/European Cup. Real Madrid hold the record for the most victories, having won the competition ten times, including the inaugural competition. They have also won the competition the most times in a row, winning it five times from 1956 to 1960. Benfica, Juventus and Bayern Munich have been runners-up the most times, each losing five finals whilst Stade de Reims, Valencia and Atlético Madrid are the only clubs to have finished runners up twice but never won it. Spain has provided the most champions, with fourteen wins from two clubs.[8] Italy have produced 12 winners from three clubs and England have produced 12 winners from five clubs. English teams were banned from the competition for five years following the Heysel disaster in 1985.[9] The current champions are Real Madrid, who beat Atlético Madrid at the Estádio da Luz in 2014.

List of finals

Key
Match was won during extra time
* Match was won on a penalty shoot-out
& Match was won after a replay
  • The "Season" column refers to the season the competition was held, and s to the article about that season.
  • The NC note by the winner means that the team was not the champion of its domestic league the previous season (since the 1997–98 season).
  • The wikilinks in the "Score" column point to the article about that season's final game.
List of European Cup and UEFA Champions League finals
Season Nation Winners Score Runners-up Nation Venue Attendance[10]
1955–56 Spain Real Madrid 4–3 Stade de Reims France Parc des Princes, Paris 38,239
1956–57 Spain Real Madrid 2–0 Fiorentina Italy Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid 124,000
1957–58 Spain Real Madrid Milan Italy Heysel Stadium, Brussels 67,000
1958–59 Spain Real Madrid 2–0 Stade de Reims France Neckarstadion, Stuttgart 72,000
1959–60 Spain Real Madrid 7–3 Eintracht Frankfurt West Germany Hampden Park, Glasgow 127,621
1960–61 Portugal Benfica 3–2 Barcelona Spain Wankdorf Stadium, Bern 26,732
1961–62 Portugal Benfica 5–3 Real Madrid Spain Olympisch Stadion, Amsterdam 61,257
1962–63 Italy Milan 2–1 Benfica Portugal Wembley Stadium, London 45,715
1963–64 Italy Internazionale 3–1 Real Madrid Spain Prater Stadium, Vienna 71,333
1964–65 Italy Internazionale 1–0 Benfica Portugal San Siro, Milan 89,000
1965–66 Spain Real Madrid 2–1 Partizan Yugoslavia Heysel Stadium, Brussels 46,745
1966–67 Scotland Celtic 2–1 Internazionale Italy Estádio Nacional, Lisbon 45,000
1967–68 England Manchester United Benfica Portugal Wembley Stadium, London 92,225
1968–69 Italy Milan 4–1 Ajax Netherlands Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid 31,782
1969–70 Netherlands Feyenoord Celtic Scotland San Siro, Milan 53,187
1970–71 Netherlands Ajax 2–0 Panathinaikos Greece Wembley Stadium, London 83,179
1971–72 Netherlands Ajax 2–0 Internazionale Italy De Kuip, Rotterdam 61,354
1972–73 Netherlands Ajax 1–0 Juventus Italy Red Star Stadium, Belgrade 89,484
1973–74 West Germany Bayern Munich 4–0&[A] Atlético Madrid Spain Heysel Stadium, Brussels 72,047
1974–75 West Germany Bayern Munich 2–0 Leeds United England Parc des Princes, Paris 48,374
1975–76 West Germany Bayern Munich 1–0 Saint-Étienne France Hampden Park, Glasgow 54,864
1976–77 England Liverpool 3–1 Borussia Mönchengladbach West Germany Stadio Olimpico, Rome 52,078
1977–78 England Liverpool 1–0 Club Brugge Belgium Wembley Stadium, London 92,500
1978–79 England Nottingham Forest 1–0 Malmö FF Sweden Olympiastadion, Munich 57,500
1979–80 England Nottingham Forest 1–0 Hamburg West Germany Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid 51,000
1980–81 England Liverpool 1–0 Real Madrid Spain Parc des Princes, Paris 48,360
1981–82 England Aston Villa 1–0 Bayern Munich West Germany De Kuip, Rotterdam 46,000
1982–83 West Germany Hamburg 1–0 Juventus Italy Olympic Stadium, Athens 73,500
1983–84 England Liverpool 1–1*[B] Roma Italy Stadio Olimpico, Rome 69,693
1984–85 Italy Juventus 1–0 Liverpool England Heysel Stadium, Brussels 58,000
1985–86 Romania Steaua București 0–0*[C] Barcelona Spain Estadio Ramón Sánchez Pizjuán, Seville 70,000
1986–87 Portugal Porto 2–1 Bayern Munich West Germany Prater Stadium, Vienna 57,500
1987–88 Netherlands PSV Eindhoven 0–0*[D] Benfica Portugal Neckarstadion, Stuttgart 68,000
1988–89 Italy Milan 4–0 Steaua București Romania Camp Nou, Barcelona 97,000
1989–90 Italy Milan 1–0 Benfica Portugal Prater Stadium, Vienna 57,500
1990–91 Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 0–0*[E] Marseille France Stadio San Nicola, Bari 56,000
1991–92 Spain Barcelona Sampdoria Italy Wembley Stadium, London 70,827
1992–93 France Marseille 1–0 Milan Italy Olympiastadion, Munich 64,400
1993–94 Italy Milan 4–0 Barcelona Spain Olympic Stadium, Athens 70,000
1994–95 Netherlands Ajax 1–0 Milan Italy Ernst-Happel-Stadion, Vienna 49,730
1995–96 Italy Juventus 1–1*[F] Ajax Netherlands Stadio Olimpico, Rome 70,000
1996–97 Germany Borussia Dortmund 3–1 Juventus Italy Olympiastadion, Munich 59,000
1997–98 Spain Real Madrid 1–0 Juventus Italy Amsterdam Arena, Amsterdam 48,500
1998–99 England Manchester United (NC) 2–1 Bayern Munich Germany Camp Nou, Barcelona 90,245
1999–2000 Spain Real Madrid (NC) 3–0 Valencia Spain Stade de France, Saint-Denis 80,000
2000–01 Germany Bayern Munich 1–1*[G] Valencia Spain San Siro, Milan 79,000
2001–02 Spain Real Madrid 2–1 Bayer Leverkusen Germany Hampden Park, Glasgow 50,499
2002–03 Italy Milan (NC) 0–0*[H] Juventus Italy Old Trafford, Manchester 62,315
2003–04 Portugal Porto 3–0 AS Monaco France Arena AufSchalke, Gelsenkirchen 53,053
2004–05 England Liverpool (NC) 3–3*[I] Milan Italy Atatürk Olympic Stadium, Istanbul 69,000
2005–06 Spain Barcelona 2–1 Arsenal England Stade de France, Saint-Denis 79,610
2006–07 Italy Milan (NC) 2–1 Liverpool England Olympic Stadium, Athens 63,000
2007–08 England Manchester United 1–1*[J] Chelsea England Luzhniki Stadium, Moscow 67,310
2008–09 Spain Barcelona (NC) 2–0 Manchester United England Stadio Olimpico, Rome 62,467
2009–10 Italy Internazionale 2–0 Bayern Munich Germany Santiago Bernabéu Stadium, Madrid 73,490
2010–11 Spain Barcelona 3–1 Manchester United England Wembley Stadium, London 87,695
2011–12 England Chelsea (NC) 1–1*[K] Bayern Munich Germany Allianz Arena, Munich 62,500
2012–13 Germany Bayern Munich (NC) 2–1 Borussia Dortmund Germany Wembley Stadium, London 86,298
2013–14 Spain Real Madrid (NC) Atlético Madrid Spain Estádio da Luz, Lisbon 60,976

Scheduled finals

List of scheduled European Cup and UEFA Champions League finals
Season Nation Home team v Away team Nation Venue
2014–15 v Olympic Stadium, Berlin
2015–16 v San Siro, Milan

Performances

By club

Performance in the European Cup/UEFA Champions League by club
Club
Winners Runners-up Years won Years runner-up
Real Madrid 10 3 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, 1960, 1966, 1998, 2000, 2002, 2014 1962, 1964, 1981
Milan 7 4 1963, 1969, 1989, 1990, 1994, 2003, 2007 1958, 1993, 1995, 2005
Bayern Munich 5 5 1974, 1975, 1976, 2001, 2013 1982, 1987, 1999, 2010, 2012
Liverpool 5 2 1977, 1978, 1981, 1984, 2005 1985, 2007
Barcelona 4 3 1992, 2006, 2009, 2011 1961, 1986, 1994
Ajax 4 2 1971, 1972, 1973, 1995 1969, 1996
Internazionale 3 2 1964, 1965, 2010 1967, 1972
Manchester United 3 2 1968, 1999, 2008 2009, 2011
Benfica 2 5 1961, 1962 1963, 1965, 1968, 1988, 1990
Juventus 2 5 1985, 1996 1973, 1983, 1997, 1998, 2003
Nottingham Forest 2 0 1979, 1980 &
Porto 2 0 1987, 2004 &
Celtic 1 1 1967 1970
Hamburg 1 1 1983 1980
Steaua București 1 1 1986 1989
Marseille 1 1 1993 1991
Borussia Dortmund 1 1 1997 2013
Chelsea 1 1 2012 2008
Feyenoord 1 0 1970 &
Aston Villa 1 0 1982 &
PSV Eindhoven 1 0 1988 &
Red Star Belgrade 1 0 1991 &
Stade de Reims 0 2 &
1956, 1959
Atlético Madrid 0 2 &
1974, 2014
Valencia 0 2 &
2000, 2001
Fiorentina 0 1 &
1957
Eintracht Frankfurt 0 1 &
1960
Partizan 0 1 &
1966
Panathinaikos 0 1 &
1971
Leeds United 0 1 &
1975
Saint-Étienne 0 1 &
1976
Borussia Mönchengladbach 0 1 &
1977
Club Brugge 0 1 &
1978
Malmö FF 0 1 &
1979
Roma 0 1 &
1984
Sampdoria 0 1 &
1992
Bayer Leverkusen 0 1 &
2002
AS Monaco 0 1 &
2004
Arsenal 0 1 &
2006

By nation

Performance by nation
Nation Winners Runners-up
Spain 14 10
Italy 12 14
England 12 7
Germany 7 10
Netherlands 6 2
Portugal 4 5
France 1 5
Scotland 1 1
Romania 1 1
Yugoslavia 1 1
Greece 0 1
Belgium 0 1
Sweden 0 1

Since the start of the competition, there have been five single-nation finals: Spain in 2000 and 2014, Italy in 2003, England in 2008 and Germany in 2013.[11]

Notes

A. ^ The first final played two days earlier ended 1–1 after extra time.[12]

B. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Liverpool won the penalty-shootout 4–2.[13]

C. ^ Score was 0–0 after 90 minutes and extra time. Steaua București won the penalty-shootout 2–0.[14]

D. ^ Score was 0–0 after 90 minutes and extra time. PSV Eindhoven won the penalty-shootout 6–5.[15]

E. ^ Score was 0–0 after 90 minutes and extra time. Red Star Belgrade won the penalty-shootout 5–3.[16]

F. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Juventus won the penalty-shootout 4–2.[17]

G. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Bayern Munich won the penalty-shootout 5–4.[18]

H. ^ Score was 0–0 after 90 minutes and extra time. Milan won the penalty-shootout 3–2.[19]

I. ^ Score was 3–3 after 90 minutes and extra time. Liverpool won the penalty-shootout 3–2.[20]

J. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Manchester United won the penalty-shootout 6–5.[21]

K. ^ Score was 1–1 after 90 minutes and extra time. Chelsea won the penalty-shootout 4–3.[22]

References

General

  • "European Champions' Cup". Rec. Sport. Soccer Statistics Foundation (RSSSF). 31 May 2012. Retrieved 13 July 2012. 
  • "European Champion Clubs' Cup – History" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. p. 64. Retrieved 7 March 2013. 

Specific

  1. ^ a b "Football's top club competition". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 7 November 2014. 
  2. ^ "Competition format". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 18 June 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  3. ^ "1997/98: Seventh heaven for Madrid". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 30 April 2010. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  4. ^ "Liverpool get in Champions League". BBC Sport (British Broadcasting Corporation). 10 June 2005. Retrieved 8 July 2010. 
  5. ^ "Regulations of the UEFA Champions League 2007/08" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  6. ^ Vieli, André, ed. (October 2005). "A brand-new trophy" (PDF). UEFA Direct (Union of European Football Associations) (42): 8. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  7. ^ "Regulations of the UEFA Champions' League 2009/10" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 20 October 2012. 
  8. ^ Haslam, Andrew (27 May 2009). "Spain savour European pre-eminence". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. Retrieved 7 July 2010. 
  9. ^ "1985: English teams banned after Heysel". BBC News (British Broadcasting Corporation). 31 May 1985. Retrieved 8 August 2006. 
  10. ^ "UEFA Champions League – Statistics Handbook 2012/13" (PDF). UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. p. 141. Retrieved 22 September 2013. 
  11. ^ "Bayern humiliate Barca to set up Champions League final with Dortmund". IBN Live. 2 May 2013. Retrieved 2 May 2013. 
  12. ^ "1973/74: Muller ends Bayern wait". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 15 May 1974. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  13. ^ "1983/84: Kennedy spot on for Liverpool". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 30 May 1984. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  14. ^ "1985/86: Steaua stun Barcelona". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 7 May 1986. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  15. ^ "1987/88: PSV prosper from Oranje boom". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 25 May 1988. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  16. ^ "1990/91: Crvena Zvezda spot on". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 29 May 1991. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  17. ^ "1995/96: Juve hold their nerve". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 22 May 1996. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  18. ^ "2000/01: Kahn saves day for Bayern". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 23 May 2001. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  19. ^ "2002/03: Shevchenko spot on for Milan". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 28 May 2003. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  20. ^ "2004/05: Liverpool belief defies Milan". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 25 May 2005. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  21. ^ "2007/08: Fate favours triumphant United". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 21 May 2008. Retrieved 28 February 2012. 
  22. ^ "Shoot-out win ends Chelsea's long wait for glory". UEFA.com. Union of European Football Associations. 19 May 2012. Retrieved 19 May 2012. 
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