Emblem of Turkey


Turkey is one of the few countries that does not have an official coat of arms or national emblem. The symbol on the cover page of Turkish passports is simply the star and crescent as found in the flag of Turkey. Various governmental institutions in Turkey use their own specific emblems.

Red circle with white star and crescent

A circular section of the red Flag of Turkey containing the white star and crescent is used in the current emblems of a number of Turkish ministries and governmental institutions, in the emblem of the Grand National Assembly, and as the flag badge on the uniforms of Turkish national sports teams and athletes. It was also used on the old (non-digital) Turkish identity cards.[4]

Coat of arms of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs


The Turkish Ministry of Foreign Affairs often uses a red oval-shaped escutcheon, whose color is that of the Turkish flag and the shape echoes the oval shield at the center of the late 19th-century Ottoman coat of arms.[5] The escutcheon contains a gold-tone star and crescent which are vertically oriented (with the star on top) and surrounded by the gold-tone text T.C. Dışişleri Bakanlığı.[6] A variant of this oval escutcheon (containing the gold-tone text Türkiye Cumhuriyeti Büyükelçiliği) is used by the Turkish embassies.[7][8]

Presidential seal

The seal of the President of Turkey has a large 16-pointed star in the center, which is surrounded by 16 five-pointed stars, symbolizing "the 16 great Turkic states in history."[9] Its appearance is regulated by law.

Proposed coat of arms

In 1925, the Ministry of National Education held a contest for a national emblem. Namık İsmail, a painter, won the contest with his coat of arms depicting Asena, a mythological female wolf in the founding myth of the Ashina clan which ruled the Göktürk Empire. However, this symbol was never used.[10][11]

See also

References

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