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Capital punishment in Portugal

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Capital punishment in Portugal

Portugal was a pioneer in the process of abolishment of the capital punishment. No executions have been carried away since 1846, with the formal abolishment of capital punishment for civil crimes occurring in 1867.

The method of capital punishment used in Portugal was by hanging. Portugal was the first country in the world to begin the process to abolish the death penalty,[1] abolishing it in stages - for political crimes in 1852, for all crimes except the military in 1867, and for all crimes in 1911. In 1916 Portugal entered in World War I and it was re-established only for military crimes in war time with a foreign country and only in the theater of war.[2] With the new Constitution in 1976, it was again abolished for all crimes.[3][4][5]

The last execution in Portugal took place in Lagos in 1846. A possible execution of a soldier of the Portuguese Expeditionary Corps carried out in France during World War One remains poorly documented.[6][7]

In the 2008 European Values Study (EVS), 51.6% of respondents in Portugal said the death penalty can never be justified, while only 1.5% said it can be always justified.[8]

References

  1. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK
  2. ^
  3. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK
  4. ^ "Document - Death Penalty Statistics 2006", Amnesty International
  5. ^
  6. ^ "The end of capital punishment in Europe", Capital Punishment UK
  7. ^ "Document - Death Penalty Statistics 2006", Amnesty International
  8. ^ http://zacat.gesis.org/webview/index.jsp?study=http%3A%2F%2F193.175.238.79%3A80%2Fobj%2FfStudy%2FZA4783&variable=http%3A%2F%2F193.175.238.79%3A80%2Fobj%2FfVariable%2FZA4783_V252&mode=documentation&submode=variable&top=yes&language=en
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