Cagayan de oro city

This article is about a city in the Philippines. For other uses, see Cagayan (disambiguation).
Cagayan de Oro
Highly-urbanized city

(From top, left to right): Cagayan de Oro at sunset, Provincial Capitol, Limketkai Hotel and Resort in under construction, Heritage Monument of Misamis Oriental, St. Augustine Cathedral, Claro M. Recto Avenue—Velez St., Cagayan de Oro at day.

Nickname(s): City of Golden Friendship
Melting Pot of Mindanao
The New Adventure Capital of the Philippines
Motto: "Hapsay nga pang Gobyerno."
Misamis Oriental province showing the location of Cagayan de Oro.
Philippines showing the location of Cagayan de Oro.

Coordinates: 8°29′N 124°39′E / 8.483°N 124.650°E / 8.483; 124.650Coordinates: 8°29′N 124°39′E / 8.483°N 124.650°E / 8.483; 124.650

Country Philippines Philippines
Region Northern Mindanao (Region X)
Type Highly-urbanized
Province Misamis Oriental (capital)
Districts 1st to 2nd districts of Cagayan de Oro
Barangays 80
Settled 1871
Incorporated (city) June 15, 1950
 • Type Mayor–council
 • Mayor Oscar Moreno (LP)
 • Vice Mayor Ian Acenas (NP)
 • Total 488.86 km2 (188.75 sq mi)
Elevation 10.0 m (32.8 ft)
Population (2010)
 • Total 602,088
 • Density 945/km2 (2,450/sq mi)
 • Demonym Cagayanons, Kagay-anons
 • Languages Cebuano, Filipino, English
Time zone PST (UTC+8)
ZIP code 9000
Area codes 088, 08822
Abbreviations CdeO, CDO, CDOC, Cag. de Oro

Cagayan de Oro (Philippines.

Cagayan de Oro is famous for its whitewater rafting or kayaking adventures, that has been one of the tourism activity being promoted in the Cagayan de Oro River.[1][2][3]


The name Cagayan de Oro can be written traced back during the arrival of the Spanish Augustinian Recollect friars in 1622, the area around Himologan (now Huluga), was already known as "Cagayán". Early Spanish written documents in the 16th century already referred to the place as "Cagayán".

The area of Northern Mindanao region, which included Cagayan de Oro, was granted as Encomienda to a certain Don Juan Griego on January 25, 1571. It was then former Vice President of the Philippines Emmanuel Peláez who appended de Oro to Cagayan.

There are also other places in the Philippines with a Cagayan name. One must distinguish Cagayan de Oro from province of Cagayan in northern Luzon and the Cagayan islands in the Sulu Sea.


The area was first inhabited around 377 C.E. (the late Neolithic period), island natives lived in a settlement then known as Himologan[4] (now known as Huluga), eight kilometers from present-day Cagayan de Oro. The natives were polytheistic animists.

Spanish colonial period

In 1622, two Spanish Augustinian Recollect missionaries came in contact with the natives of Himologan and in 1626, Fray Agustín de San Pedro persuaded the chief of Himologan, Datu Salangsang, to transfer his settlement down river, to the present-day Gaston Park. De San Pedro later fortified the new settlement against Sultan Kudarat's raiders.

In 1738, Spanish dominance was felt in Cagayan de Oro. When Misamis gained status of province in 1818, one of its four districts was the Partidos de Cagayan. In 1871, the "Partidos" became a town and was made a permanent capital of Misamis.

On February 27, 1872, Governor-General Carlos María de La Torre issued a decree declaring Cagayan the permanent capital of Segundo Distrito de Misamis. During this era, the name of the town was known as Cagayan de Misamis.

In 1883, the town became a seat of the Spanish government in Mindanao for the provinces of Misamis Oriental, Misamis Occidental, Bukidnon and Lanao del Norte.

On January 10, 1899, Cagayan de Misamis joined the government of Emilio Aguinaldo and celebrated its independence from Spain. It was the second time the Aguinaldo government was declared and the new Philippine flag raised on the Mindanao island. By virtue of the 1898 Treaty of Paris, Spain ceded the Philippines to the United States; this caused friction and resulted in the Philippine–American War.

American colonial period

On March 31, 1900, Americans occupied the town of Cagayan de Misamis and on April 7, 1900, battle erupted in the town center led by General Nicolas Capistrano[5] and Filipino resistance fighters. This would later be known as the Battle of Cagayan de Misamis. The Americans won the war, and about forty years later, gave the Philippines its independence July 4, 1946.[6] The war years in Cagayan de Oro were prompted by the presence of the Americans in 1898. The Americans were initially and successfully repulsed by the Kagay-anons forces led by Mayor Don Apolinar Vélez at the historic Battle of Makahambus on June 4, 1900.

After the troubled years, peace finally brought back the economic activities to normalcy under the guidance of the United States. Consequently, from a purely farming-fishing area, Cagayan de Oro emerged into a booming commerce and trade center.

In 1948, the barrios of El Salvador and Molugan with their sitios known as Sala, Sambulawan, Sinaloc, Lagtang, Talaba, Kalabaylabay and Hinigdaan were separated from Cagayan de Oro to form the town of El Salvador.[7]

In 1950, the barrios of Opol, Igpit, and lower Iponan were separated from Cagayan de Oro to form the town of Opol.[8]


On June 15, 1950, then former President Elpidio Quirino signed Republic Act No. 521, which granted the status of a chartered city to the Municipality of Cagayan de Misamis.[9] This was made possible through the efforts of then Cagayan de Oro Congressman Emmanuel Pelaez.[10]

Cagayan de Oro was then declared a highly-urbanized city by the Ministry of Local Government on November 22, 1983.

On December 16, 2011, Tropical Storm Sendong caused widespread flash floods in Northern Mindanao. In Cagayan de Oro, hundreds living near the banks of the Cagayan de Oro River were killed, with hundreds are still missing. The total death toll in Northern Mindanao (including Iligan City and nearby regions) is estimated to be at least 500.[11][12]

Officials said that despite government warning, some people did not evacuate. Five people were killed in a landslide, but all others died in the flash floods. The flash flooding occurred overnight, following 10 hours of rain, compounded by overflowing rivers and tributaries. Most of the victims had been sleeping.

In some areas, up to 20 centimeters of rain fell in 24 hours. More than 2,000 have been rescued, according to the Armed Forces of the Philippines (AFP), and at least 20,000 people are staying in 10 evacuation centers in Cagayan de Oro. Officials are also investigating reports that an entire village was swept away.[13]


Cagayan de Oro is located along the central coast of Northern Mindanao region. It is situated in Mindanao island, the second giant of the archipelago of all the landmass of the Philippines.

The southern portion of the city is bordered by the provinces of Bukidnon and Lanao del Norte. The municipality of Opol borders the city on the west and Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental to the east. To the north lies Macajalar Bay facing Bohol Sea.

It's total land area is 488.86 km² representing 13.9 percent of the entire Misamis Oriental province. It includes 25 kilometers of coastline and a harbor, Macajalar Bay. 44.7 percent of the surface of Cagayan de Oro is classified as agricultural land and 38.4 percent is classified as open spaces.[14]

The city is frequently categorized and referenced according to geographic factors: 1st district (west area) are consist of 24 barangays which mostly are suburban, and 2nd district (east area) are consist of 17 barangays, including city proper barangays from 1 to 40.


Under the Köppen climate classification system, Cagayan de Oro has a tropical climate with an annual average temperature of 28 °C. In June 1998, the city recorded its highest temperature to date of 39 °C.

Cagayan de Oro does not receive an even amount of rainfall throughout the year. The driest months are March and April while August and September are the wettest months. The rainy or wet season lasts from June until November with the relatively drier seasons lasting from December until May. The city lies outside the typhoon belt but is affected by the Inter-Tropical Convergence Zone.

Crime and law enforcement

Cagayan de Oro is the base of major military and police camps in the Northern Mindanao region. Camp Vicente Alagar, located in barangay Lapasan, is the headquarters of the Philippine National Police in the city. It has jurisdiction over the entire region.

Camp Edilberto Evangelista, located in barangay Patag is the largest military camp in Mindanao with an area of 129 hectares. It is home to the 4th infantry division of the Philippine Army. Camp Evangelista's external jurisdiction covers the Northern Mindanao and Caraga regions. Minor military camps are also located in barangay Lumbia and upper Puerto.


As of the 2010 Philippines.

About 44 percent of the household population in Cagayan de Oro classified themselves as Visayan (Binisaya or bisaya), 22.15 percent as Cebuano, 4.38 percent as Boholano, while 28.07 percent as other ethnic groups (2000 Census).[15]


Cebuano is the city's lingua franca, due to the influx of Cebuano speakers from the Visayas. English is mainly used for business and in the academe. Most of the local population in the city is also fluent in Filipino.

Culture and arts

There are several notable events in the city. Each barangays or barrios has its own feast locally known as Fiesta literally as festivals honoring their patron saints after achieving recognition in their own rights.

The Kagay-an Festival, is a week-long festival in celebration of Cagayan de Oro's patron saint Señor San Agustin, held every month of August. The word "Kagay-an" thus means a river.

Highlights of the Kagay-an Festival are the Kahimuan Trade Fair that features the native products of the city and province particularly on agriculture products, Miss Cagayan de Oro, Folkloric Street Dancing Competition which features colorful attires and cultural dances of the Higaonon tribes, Golden Float Parade, Halad sa Lambagohan, PE Rhythmic Dance Competition, Kalo Festival and Kumbira that started on 1996 by Kagay-anons hoteliers and restaurants. A culinary show and exhibit, it has been evolved over the years and it now hosts a culinary competition among students and professionals all over Mindanao.[16]

The competition is divided into students and professionals where Hotel and Restaurant Management schools and professional chefs compete against each other in their respective categories. There are also cultural shows, competitions and celebrity concerts.

Charter Day is the city's celebration of its cityhood established on June 15, 1950. It is a non-working holiday and a roster of special activities is lined up annually to mark this special occasion.


Roman Catholicism is the city's dominant religion, represented by almost 87 percent of the population. Other religious affiliations include the Seventh Day Adventist Church, Iglesia ni Cristo, Philippine Independent Church, United Church of Christ in the Philippines, Christ's Commission Fellowship, Jesus Miracle Crusade, Islam, and others.

The archdiocese of Cagayan de Oro is an archdiocese of the Roman Catholic Church in the Philippines. This archdiocese comprises three civil provinces of Misamis Oriental, Bukidnon and Camiguin. It is a metropolitan seat in the island of Mindanao.

The current archbishop in Cagayan de Oro is Most Reverend Antonio J. Ledesma, S.J., D.D. , who was installed on March 4, 2006, and its seat is located at St. Augustine Metropolitan Cathedral.

Recently, the Basilica of the Black Nazarene in Quiapo Church has also decided to move the replica statue of the Black Nazarene to Jesus Nazareno Parish Church in Cagayan de Oro along Claro M. Recto Avenue, so that the Black Nazarene devotees from Mindanao may not have to travel to Quiapo in Manila for their annual pilgrimage.

In recent decades, Protestants abound in the city. One of the known Protestant groups in the city is Pentecostalism, which dramatically increased forth with 2.8 percent total population, about 20 churches have been settling in the metropolitan area. Celebration International Church has one of the highest member attendances with a record of 735 members. In addition, three main Pentecostal mother churches are situated in the suburban area and few in the metropolitan areas.

Also, Adventists, Mormons, and Methodists are surged in the suburban areas and few in the city. Although, many Protestants are sourced from foreign countries such as South Korea, Australia, and the United States and other countries with Protestant populations.


Cagayan de Oro food cultures include a variety of world cuisines influenced by the city's immigrant history. Western and Austronesian immigrants have made the city famous for pastel bread, chicharrón and Hamon de Cagayan. Numerous of Chinese and Korean restaurants are also present in the city. Some mobile food vendors licensed by the city sell street food like kwek-kwek, fish balls, tempura, proven and grilled meat.


Cagayan de Oro is the home of "Cagayan de Oro Stars" and "Cagayan de Oro Rapids" basketball teams. This major teams of the city is member community of Mindanao Visayas Basketball Association, an amateur commercial basketball league in southern Philippines sanctioned by the country's National Sports Association for basketball, the Samahang Basketbol ng Pilipinas (SBP). Also, it is the home of "Holcim MoneyGram-Misamis Oriental" and "Holcim Pryce Pharma", which commencing the Misamis Oriental province. Aside from the basketball, Cagayan de Oro also to be known for its oldest lawn tennis clubs like the "Golden Friendship Tennis Club". In addition, the city is ornamented with amateur volleyball teams like the Xavier University Volleyball Team.

The city was known to its leading sport, chess, one of the most common recreations by continuing championships in Mindanao since 1990’s. Also, the white water rafting and Kayaking has its annual sport events through the Cagayan River.

Also, designate a number of sports venues, including one of the biggest sports complex in Mindanao the Pelaez Memorial Sports Center, Xavier University-Ateneo de Cagayan Gymnasium, Liceo Civic Center and others, a sports and entertainment complex that also hosts concerts. The Pelaez Memorial Sports Center serves as the home complex of Misamis Oriental sports teams.


Cagayan de Oro is the melting pot of Mindanao because of its accessibility, business growth, attractions and most of its entire warm and hospitable people. It is also a regional center and business hubs of Northern Mindanao region, considered as one of the most progressive and competitive cities in the Philippines.[17]

The city's economy is largely based on industry, commerce, trade, service and tourism. Investment in Cagayan de Oro City for the first six months of 2012 has reached 7.4 billion pesos outpacing the local government's expectation of to nearly 100 percent. Investments in the city are dominated by malls, high-rise hotels and condominiums and convention centers. The net income for 2012 pegged at 2,041,036,807.89 billion pesos.

Car industry

Cagayan de Oro City has been dubbed as the auto-hub in Mindanao after hosting several world-renowned car brands like Toyota, Honda, Mitsubishi, Suzuki, Ford, Kia, Foton, Mazda, Chevrolet, BMW, Peugeot, Hyundai and Subaru. Most of the car showrooms are located in one avenue along Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor.



As the gateway to Northern Mindanao region, Cagayan de Oro is very accessible via land, air and water transportations.


Port of Cagayan de Oro in Macabalan area is located near the estuary of Cagayan de Oro River. It has an anchorage depth of 18 meters and is around 400 meters from the shoreline. It has two authorized cargo-handling operators. With the recent completion of the P250 million rehabilitation project, the port is now the biggest international and domestic seaport in Mindanao.[19]

The Port of Cagayan de Oro (Macabalan Port) serves regular cities trips to and from Metro Manila, Cebu City, Tagbilaran, Bacolod, Dumaguete, Iloilo City and Jagna, Bohol.

General Milling and Del Monte Philippines also operate their own port facilities within Cagayan de Oro. The $85 million Mindanao International Container Port is located in Tagoloan, Misamis Oriental 17 kilometers from Cagayan de Oro serves the PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate.

Laguindingan Airport

The new airport of Cagayan de Oro called Laguindingan International Airport caters domestic flights to and from Manila, Bacolod, Cebu City, Iloilo City, Davao City and Zamboanga City, located in the Municipality of Laguindingan, some 46 kilometers southwest of Cagayan de Oro. It officially opened on June 15, 2013. The new Laguindingan International Airport, which replaced Lumbia Airport sits on a 4.17 square kilometer site in Barangay Moog, Laguindingan, Misamis Oriental[20] and located 46 kilometers from the defunct Lumbia Airport. It was inaugurated on January 11, 2006, with groundbreaking ceremonies presided by former President Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo, who advocated the idea of an international airport in the Cagayan de Oro-Iligan Corridor.[21] Laguindingan Airport, one of the national government's flagship projects to boast the nation's tourism industry, is destined to become an international airport serving the entire region of Northern Mindanao and Lanao del Sur.

Bus terminals

Several means of public transportation are also available within the city. A number of companies also operate taxi services. There are also a couple of river taxis that operates ply down to the Cagayan de Oro River for both locals and tourists.

The Eastbound Integrated Bus Terminal (Agora) offers a regular land trips to and from eastern municipalities of Misamis Oriental, Bukidnon including Malaybalay and Valencia City, Gingoog City, Kabacan, Cotabato, Butuan City, Surigao City in the Caraga region, Davao City, Tagum City, Tacurong City and the latest is General Santos City and Balingoan, Misamis Oriental (ferry going for Camiguin).

Westbound Integrated Bus and Jeepney Terminal is also offering a regular land trips to and from western municipalities of Misamis Oriental including Laguindingan and El Salvador City, Iligan City, Marawi, Oroquieta, Ozamiz City, Dipolog, Pagadian, Zamboanga City and some parts of western Mindanao.

Utilities and services

  • There are five major land based phone companies MisOrTel, PLDT-PhilCom, Smart Broadband (formerly CruzTelCo), BayanTel and ItalTel serving the city.
  • Mobile phone services are provided by Globe Telecom, Smart Communications and Sun Cellular.
  • There are several internet companies operating in the city offering dial up, broadband, Wi-Fi and cable services. Pueblo de Oro Business IT Park located in Upper Carmen is the first PEZA-registered IT park in Mindanao. The IT Park currently houses one of Cagayan de Oro's call centers.
  • Water services are provided by the Cagayan de Oro Water District (COWD), it was the first water district established in the entire Philippines.
  • Electricity is provided by the Cagayan Electric Power and Light Company (CEPALCO). CEPALCO, which began operations in 1952 that covers Cagayan de Oro and the Municipalities of Tagoloan, Villanueva and Jasaan, all in the Province of Misamis Oriental, including the 3,000-hectare PHIVIDEC Industrial Estate and caters to more than 100,000 consumers. The company's distribution system network now includes 138KV, 69KV, 34.5KV and 13.8KV systems. CEPALCO is also operating the developing world's first and largest (at the time of its inauguration in 2004) on-grid Solar Photovoltaic power plant. The 1-megawatt polycrystalline silicon-based Photovoltaic (PV) plant in Barangay Indahag of this city is connected with the distribution network of CEPALCO. It is the biggest solar power plant connected to the power grid in Southeast Asia.[22]

Medical facilities

Cagayan de Oro has a hospital bed to population ratio of 1:474 as of 2003. There are 12 major private and government-run hospitals including 50 Barangay Health Centers and 20 Family Planning Centers. The Justiniano R. Borja Memorial Medical Hospital (formerly City Hospital) and Northern Mindanao Medical Center (formerly Provincial Hospital) are the 2 main government-run hospitals, while the Polymedic Medical Plaza, Maria Reyna–Xavier University Hospital Capitol University Medical City, and Cagayan de Oro Medical Center, are privately owned.

Shopping centers

There are many shopping malls located in the city. Notable ones are national retail giants namely SM City Cagayan de Oro, Ayala's Centrio Mall and Robinsons Cagayan de Oro. Homegrown malls are Limketkai Mall, Gaisano City Mall, Gaisano Bulua, and Ororama Supercenter. Under construction malls are Gaisano Puerto, Paseo Mall under Zealep Company and Vista Mall called Gran Europa Village Center under Vista Land Company. Soon to rise is another SM mall in the city's downtown and another Ororama mall in barangay Agusan.

There are three market malls (a hybrid of shopping mall and market) in the city namely Market City that houses SM Savemore as supermarket, Ororama department store and other tenants. 858-Cogon Market and Carmen Market complexes house Unitop supermarkets and department stores, stalls and botiques.

Hypermarkets such as Rustan's Shopwise and Puregold are slated to open before 2013 ends.

The city has three Gaisano superstores and one Ororama superstore. Big supermarkets are SM Savemore Kauswagan, SM Savemore Capistrano, Robinsons Supermarket Gusa-branch, Gaisano Suki Club and Palana Store. There are many department stores and large groceries owned by local and foreign Chinese, Taiwanese and Korean businessmen in the city.


The city has three major private universities: the Capitol University, Liceo de Cagayan University, and Xavier University – Ateneo de Cagayan. The Mindanao University of Science and Technology is the only state university in the city. Other higher education institutions include Lourdes College, Southern Philippines College, Pilgrim Christian College, Cagayan de Oro College – PHINMA Education Network, Lourdes College and St. Mary's Academy of Carmen run by the RVM Sisters, and STI College - Cagayan de Oro with a secondary education program in Barangay Kauswagan. There are also a number of foreign schools in the city with study programs.

Notable public and private elementary and high schools include Cagayan de Oro National High School, Misamis Oriental General Comprehensive High School, Regional Science High School 10, City Central School, Corpus Christi School,Merry Child School, Nanuri International School, International School, Golden Heritage Polytechnic College, Vineyard International Polytechnic College, and Montessori de Oro. There are also schools in Cagayan de Oro that use the Accelerated Christian Education system. Two of these schools include Lapasan Baptist Christian Academy and Shekinah Glory Christian Academy. There are two Chinese schools in the city: Kong Hua School (Roman Catholic) and Oro Christian Grace School (Evangelical Christian).



Elected and appointed officials have administered Cagayan de Oro since June 15, 1950, with a strong mayor-council government. The city political government is composed of the Mayor, vice-mayor, two congressional districts representatives, sixteen councilors, one Sangguniang Kabataan (SK) Federation representative and an Association of Barangay Captains (ABC) representative. Each official is elected publicly to a three-year terms.

The following are the current city officials of Cagayan de Oro:[24]

Barangay and legislative districts

Main article: Legislative districts of Cagayan de Oro City

Cagayan de Oro is politically subdivided into 80 barangays. These are grouped into two congressional districts, 24 barangays in the 1st district (West) and 56 barangays in the 2nd district (East), with Cagayan de Oro River as the natural boundary. The city has a 57 urbanized barangays and 23 rural barangays all in all.

1st district

  • Census of Population in the Philippines).

2nd district

  • Census of Population in the Philippines).


Due to the national government's aggressive tourism campaign, local and foreign tourist arrivals in the city are on the rise. In 2004, the city registered a tourist arrival of 307,820; an increase from a previous of 232,257 in 2003.

Parks and resorts

  • Duaw Park
  • Gaston Park is located along the St. Augustine Cathedral. This park eventually became an execution ground for Spanish criminals turned later into a training ground for the local revolutionaries during the American occupation.
  • Plaza Divisoria (Golden Friendship Park) is located in the downtown area. It was built around 1900's as a town divider after a great fire that almost burned down the entire city. The park is dedicated to local and national heroes like former President Ramon Magsaysay, Andrés Bonifacio, Dr. José Rizal, and former Mayor Justiniano R. Borja. Most of the Kagay-anons soldiers who died during the Philippine-American War are buried beneath the monument and has survived the ravages of time including World War II.[2]
  • Vicente de Lara Park (McArthur Park) is a popular jogging area during the morning situated in front of the Provincial Capitol of Misamis Oriental building with age-old mahogany trees that provide a therapeutic canopy for the promenades. A Press Freedom Monument and the Heritage Monument of Misamis Oriental designed by national artist Eduardo Castrillo can also be found in this redevelopment park.
  • Gardens of Malasag Eco-Tourism Village is located in a reforested area in Malasag Hill. This 7 hectares village has replicas of tribal houses in the region and a panoramic view of Macajalar Bay. The tourism village is owned and managed by the Philippine Tourism Authority.[25]
  • Plaza de Los Heroes is a memorial park dedicated to the heroes of the Three Battles of Cagayan de Oro during the Philippine-American War located along Mastersons Avenue in upper Carmen.
  • Mapawa Nature Park is for horseback riding, biking, zip line and nature trekking adventures.
  • Monigue Cave is located in barangay Mambuaya this city; the cave entrance is flowing water from underground stream. The cave has a small opening that seems too narrow to be passable, it has a six inches airspace between ceiling and water that you have submerge yourselves one by one, equipped with a helmet and a water-proof cap lamp. It contains a beautiful sparkling formation, which is called the Calcium Carbonates (CaCO3) or Calcites. These stalactites and stalagmites, white and brown, are sign of oxidized materials that take 50 to 60 years to form an inch the cave is definitely spellbinding. There were formations of flowstone, gurpool-resembling, rice terraces, transparent crystals and picturesque speleothems, such as cathedral drapes and icons.
  • Catanico Falls is concealed by a huge boulders, the rapids, cascading falls and natural pool of barangay F.S. Catanico.
  • Palalan Falls is surrounded by boulders and stones dubbed by the city as "Oro" stone similar in characteristics with the Mangima stone.
  • Migtugsok Falls is located at barangay Cugman and it is composed of five beautiful cascading waters, where the beauty of nature could be experienced, unexploited by the carelessness of human search for progress and development.
  • Kagay-an Resort (Lawndale Spring Resort) is located in barangay Taguanao area, is usually packed with families and groups on weekends lounging in the cold springs.

Museums and historical places

  • City Archives Museum is a museum used to be an Old Water Tower built circa 1922 just across the cathedral and Gaston Park. Recently, it was been upgraded into a museum that houses antiquities, memorabilia of well-known families in the city and a gallery parade of Cagayan de Oro history.
  • Gen. McArthur Memorial Marker is a historical marker located at the edge of Port of Cagayan de Oro; the monument commemorates two historical events.
  • Museo de Oro is a museum located within the main campus of Xavier University - Ateneo de Cagayan. The museum exhibits artifacts dug from Huluga Caves and repertoire of Bukidnon, and the Maranao cultures that have survived the ravages of time.[2]
  • Museum of Three Cultures is a museum of Capitol University. It houses a gallery of Maranao antiquities from Tugaya, Lanao del Sur; a gallery of ethno history which shall display Cagayan de Oro history, Butuan archaeological artifacts, lumad arts and crafts from the Higaonon and Manobo cultures, and a treasure of Christians lowland artifacts of Northern Mindanao region; and finally an art gallery and coffee shop that promotes the local visual arts of Mindanao. It also has a research archives that will house Spanish era written documents, photographs, memorabilia of well-known personalities in Mindanao, which is open to all researchers and students of culture.
  • La Castilla is a museum of the Philippine household heirlooms and antiques. This is the Peláez family memorabilia administered by the Liceo de Cagayan University.
  • DXCC Museum is a museum of a well-known radio broadcasting station in the Philippines called RMN-DXCC located at Don Apolinar Velez street.
  • Executive Building (Old City Hall) is used to be known as Casa Real de Cagayán, a former Spanish Governors residence and seat of the present-day local government officials.
  • MOGCHS Administration Building was part of the 1907 Gabaldon initiatives to established and build public schools all over the Philippines under the Americans regime.
  • Casa del Chino Ygua (Balay na Bato) was built in 1882 by the Sia family; they are the first Chinese migrants in Cagayan de Oro. Most of the revolutionaries died and buried behind the house during the Philippine-American War.
  • Makahambus Cave and Adventure Park is an underground cave with a 130 foot (40 m) circular gorge. The ravine is thick with various species of plants and huge trees. It is the site of the historic Battle of Makahambus Hill between Kagay-anons and American soldiers during the Philippine-American War circa 1900's .[26]
  • Huluga Caves is an archaeological site in Sitio Taguanao, barangay Indahag. It is composed of an open site and two caves where skeletal remains of a child and woman were found. A fragment of the woman's skull was 377 A.D. by the Scripps Institution of Oceanography in La Jolla, California, United States. The open site is the venue of a prehistoric settlement.


Main article: List of newspapers in the Philippines

Notable media publications in the city are the Mindanao Gold Star Daily, SunStar Cagayan de Oro and Super Balita. Ang Katarungan is the city's major English-Cebuano language paper published since 1926.

There are seven television stations in the city that are owned and operated by broadcasting networks — ETC TV 5, ABS-CBN TV 2, GMA TV 12/35, RMN/BEAM/Jack City 8/33, TV5 Channel 21, Channel 45 Global News Network, GMA News TV Channel 43 and Studio 23 and the eight television station, is operated by the Cagayan de Oro College Broadcast Network. The Parasat Cable TV Incorporated   and Jade Cable TV are the two cable systems in the city.

There are two local newscasts programs in Cagayan de Oro: TV Patrol Northern Mindanao (ABS-CBN CDO) and Testigo Northern Mindanao (GMA CDO).

International relations

Twin towns or sister cities

Cagayan de Oro has sister cities worldwide including local, as classified by the city government.

See also

Philippines portal


External links

  • Official website of the city government of Cagayan de Oro
  • Cagayan de Oro development updates
  • LGU Performance Management System
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