World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article
 

CR Vasco da Gama

Vasco da Gama
Full name Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama
Nickname(s)

Gigante da Colina (Giant of the Hill)
Almirante (Admiral)
Cruzmaltino (Maltese Cross)

Trem Bala da Colina (Bullet Train of the Hill)
Founded August 21, 1898 (1898-08-21) (Rowing Club)
November 5, 1915 (1915-11-05) (Football Club)
Stadium Estádio Vasco da Gama (São Januário)
Rio de Janeiro, Brazil
Ground Capacity 15,311[1]
President Eurico Miranda
Football Manager Paulo Angioni
Head Coach Jorginho
League Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
2014 Série B, 3rd (promoted)
Website Club home page
CR Vasco da Gama at Estádio São Januário, September 2008.
Team photo from the 1934 season

Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama (Portuguese pronunciation: , Vasco da Gama Rowing Club), usually known as Vasco da Gama, is a famous and traditional Brazilian multisports club from Rio de Janeiro, Brazil. It was founded on August 21, 1898 (although the football department started on November 5, 1915),[2] by Portuguese immigrants, and it is still traditionally supported by the Portuguese community of Rio de Janeiro. It is one of the most popular clubs in Brazil, with more than 20 million supporters.[3]

Its statute defines the club as a "sportive, recreative, educational, assistant and philanthropic non-profit organization of public utility".[4]

Their home stadium is São Januário, with a capacity of 15,311,[1] the third biggest in Rio de Janeiro (after Maracanã and Engenhão), but some matches (especially the city derbies) are played at the Maracanã (capacity of about 80,000). They play in black shirts with a white diagonal sash that contains a Cross pattée (famously, though mistakenly, identified as a Maltese cross), black shorts and black socks.

The club is named after the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama.

Contents

  • History 1
    • Foundation 1.1
    • Fight and victory against racism 1.2
      • The Victory Express and the South American Club championship 1.2.1
      • 1969 Pelé's 1,000th Goal 1.2.2
      • 1998 Copa Libertadores 1.2.3
      • 1998 Toyota Intercontinental Cup 1.2.4
      • 2000 FIFA Club World Championship 1.2.5
      • Copa Mercosur 1.2.6
      • 2001 Copa João Havelange 1.2.7
      • 2008 Campeonato Brasileiro 1.2.8
      • 2009 Campeonato Brasileiro 1.2.9
      • 2011: the Redemption Year 1.2.10
  • Other sports 2
  • Players 3
    • Current squad 3.1
      • Reserve squad 3.1.1
      • Out of loan 3.1.2
  • Former head coaches 4
    • Honours 4.1
  • Statistics 5
  • Top scorers 6
  • Most goals in a season 7
  • Stadium 8
  • Rivals 9
  • Kit evolution 10
  • Logo and flag 11
  • Anthems 12
  • Supporters 13
  • Clubs named after Vasco 14
  • References 15
  • External links 16

History

Foundation

In the late 19th century rowing was the most important sport in Rio de Janeiro. At this time, four young men – Henrique Ferreira Monteiro, Luís Antônio Rodrigues, José Alexandre d'Avelar Rodrigues and Manuel Teixeira de Souza Júnior – who did not want to travel to Niterói to row with the boats of Gragoatá Club decided to found a rowing club.

On August 21, 1898 in a room of the Sons of Talma Dramatic Society, with 62 members (mostly Portuguese immigrants), the Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama (Vasco da Gama Rowing Club) was born.

Inspired by the celebrations of the 4th centenary of the first sail from Europe to India, the founders chose the name of the Portuguese explorer Vasco da Gama to baptise the new club.

Football was included only with the fusion with Lusitania Clube, other mostly Portuguese immigrants club.[5] Beginning in the smaller leagues, Vasco became champion of the league B in 1922 and ascended to league A. In its first championship in League A – in 1923, Vasco became champion with a team formed by whites, blacks and "mulattos" players of different social classes.

Fight and victory against racism

Football in Brazil back then was a sport for the elites, and Vasco da Gama's racially diverse squad didn't appease them. In 1924 Vasco da Gama was pressured by the Metropolitan League to ban some players that were not considered adequate to play in the aristocratic league, notably because they were black or mulato and/or poor. After Vasco refused to comply with such a ban, the other big teams, Fluminense, Flamengo and Botafogo, among others, created the Metropolitan Athletic Association and prohibited Vasco from participating unless it complied with the racist demands.

The former President of Vasco, José Augusto Prestes answered with a letter that became known as the Historic Answer (resposta histórica),[6] which revolutionized the practice of sports in Brazil. After a few years, the racism barriers fell. Vasco da Gama had led the move toward a more inclusive soccer culture, forward-thinking not employed by leaders from Fluminense, Flamengo and Botafogo.

Even though the club was not the first to field black players, it was the first one to win a league with them, which led to an outcry to ban "blue-collar workers" from playing in the league - a move that in practice meant barring blacks from playing.

In 1925 Vasco was readmitted into the "elite" league, with its black and mulatto players. By 1933, when football became professional in Brazil, most of the big clubs had black players in them.

The Victory Express and the South American Club championship

Between 1947 and 1952, the club was nicknamed Expresso da Vitória (Victory Express), as Vasco won several competitions in that period, such as the Rio de Janeiro championship in 1945, 1947, 1949, 1950, and 1952, and the South American Club Championship in 1948. Players such as Ademir, Moacyr Barbosa, Bellini and Ipojucan defended Vasco's colors during that period.

1969 Pelé's 1,000th Goal

Pelé scored his 1,000th professional goal against CR Vasco on 19 November 1969, in front of 65,157 spectators.[7] The goal, popularly named O Milésimo (The Thousandth), occurred in a match against Vasco, when Pelé scored from a penalty kick, at the Maracanã Stadium.[8]

1998 Copa Libertadores

After winning the Campeonato Brasileiro in 1997, beating Palmeiras in the final, Vasco started its Projeto Tóquio, and invested US$10 million to win the 1998 Copa Libertadores. Vasco won the Copa Libertadores, beating Barcelona of Ecuador in the final.

1998 Toyota Intercontinental Cup

By winning 1998 Copa Libertadores, Vasco da Gama challenged the UEFA Champions League champion Real Madrid at 1998 Intercontinental Cup, in Tokyo, Japan. They lost the game 2–1.

2000 FIFA Club World Championship

By winning the 1998 Copa Libertadores, Vasco entered the inaugral 2000 FIFA Club World Championship held in Brazil. They beat Manchester United, Necaxa and South Melbourne in the group stage to reach the final, it finished 0–0 after extra time in an all-Brazilian clash with Corinthians but lost 3–4 in the penalty shootout.

Copa Mercosur

Also in 2000, Vasco won the Copa Mercosur against Palmeiras in a historical match. Losing 0–3 in the end of first-time, with Palmeiras scoring 2 goals in less than a minute. Vasco managed to score 3 goals and drew the game, 3–3. In the 93" Romário scored a decisive goal and Vasco won the match (4-3).[9] Still today the match is considered the best game played in Brazil in decades.[10]

2001 Copa João Havelange

Vasco won the Clube dos 13 rather than CBF, Vasco challenged São Caetano drawing the game by 1–1 when a disaster happened in São Januário Stadium. It won the second game beating São Caetano by 3–1.

Vasco shirt

2008 Campeonato Brasileiro

The team finished the championship in a disastrous 18th place and was relegated to the second division of the championship for the first time since its foundation, 110 years before. Up until the relegation, it was one of the only six clubs to have never been removed from the first division, along with Internacional, Cruzeiro, Flamengo, Santos and São Paulo,[11] though the last two (even they never played any of the lower divisions), didn't participate in the 1979 Brazilian Championship's 1st division,[11] in order to avoid conflicts with Paulista Championship schedule.

2009 Campeonato Brasileiro

After almost one year out of the first division, Vasco played the second division and on November 7, was promoted to the first division after a victory against Juventude in Maracanã stadium by the score of 2–1.

2011: the Redemption Year

After failing to win the Copa do Brasil, Vasco da Gama found success in 2011, lifting that year's trophy. Victory came against Coritiba in the 2011 Copa do Brasil final. Vasco came second in the 2011 Brazilian Série A, enjoying an excellent campaign. The club also ended the year as semifinalists in the Copa Sudamericana, a competition that saw the club defeat Palmeiras, Aurora and Universitario in historic fashion before being eliminated by Universidad de Chile, the other top two team in South America at the time. The season was dubbed the "Redemption Year of Vasco da Gama", with many lauding Vasco as one of Brazilian football's elite teams once again.

Other sports

Although best known as a football, rowing and swimming club, Vasco da Gama is actually a comprehensive sports club. Its basketball section, CR Vasco da Gama Basquete (twice Brazilian champion and twice South-American champion) produced current NBA player Nenê. The club is also the first Brazilian club to play against a NBA team. In 1999, the club played the McDonald's Championship final against San Antonio Spurs. Its rowing team is one of the best of Brazil. Its swimmers regularly represent Brazil in international competitions. And Vasco da Gama is present in many other sports.

Players

Current squad

As of 25 September 2015, according to combined sources on the official website.[12]
Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
GK Charles
GK Jordi
GK Martín Silva
DF Aislan
DF Anderson Salles
DF Bruno
DF Bruno Teles
DF Christianno (on loan from Bangu)
DF Henrique
DF João Carlos
DF Jomar
DF Júlio César
DF Luan
DF Rodrigo
DF Mádson
DF Nei
MF Andrezinho
MF Emanuel Biancucchi
MF Bruno Gallo
No. Position Player
MF Diguinho
MF Julio dos Santos
MF Pablo Guiñazú (captain)
MF Jean Patrick (on loan from Luverdense)
MF Jéferson
MF Lucas (on loan from Friburguense)
MF Serginho (on loan from Atlético Mineiro)
MF Felipe Seymour (on loan from Cruzeiro)
FW Dagoberto (on loan from Cruzeiro)
FW Éder Luís
FW Germán Herrera
FW Jorge Henrique
FW Leandrão
FW Nenê
FW Rafael Silva
FW Renato Kayser (youth player)
FW Duvier Riascos (on loan from Cruzeiro)
FW Romarinho
FW Thalles (youth player)

Reserve squad

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
GK Alessandro
GK Diogo Silva
DF Lorran (youth player)
DF Rafael Vaz
No. Position Player
MF Guilherme
MF Índio (youth player)
MF Matheus Batista
MF Sandro Silva

Out of loan

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.
No. Position Player
GK Rafael Copetti (on loan to Bragantino)
DF Erick (on loan to XV de Piracicaba)
DF Marlon (on loan to Macaé)
DF Max (on loan to Macaé)
DF Nikolas Mariano (on loan to Oliveirense)
MF Eduardo Aranda (on loan to Olimpia)
MF Bernardo (on loan to Ceará)
No. Position Player
MF Santiago Montoya (on loan to Vitória de Guimarães)
MF Paulista (on loan to Boa)
MF Victor Bolt (on loan to Portuguesa)
FW Erick Luis (on loan to Boa)
FW William Barbio (on loan to Chapecoense)
FW Yago (on loan to Minnesota United)

Former head coaches

Honours

Unbeaten Champions

INTERCONTINENTAL
Competition Títles Seasons
Torneio Octogonal Rivadavia Corrêa Meyer 1 1953

Organized by CBD, authorized FIFA,[13] successor of[14] Copa Rio.[15][16][17][18][19][20]

CONTINENTALS
Competition Títles Seasons
Campeonato Sul-Americano de Campeões[21] 1 1948
Copa Libertadores da América 1 1998
Copa Mercosul 1 2000
NATIONAL
Competition Títles Seasons
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A 4 1974, 1989, 1997 e 2000
Copa do Brasil 1 2011
Campeonato Brasileiro Série B 1 2009
INTERSTATE
Competition Títles Seasons
Torneio Rio-São Paulo 3 1958, 1966¹ e 1999
(1) - Divided among Botafogo, Corinthians e Santos.
Copa dos Campeões Estaduais Rio-São Paulo 1 1937
Torneio João Havelange[22][23][24] 1 1993
STATE
Competition Títles Seasons
Campeonato Carioca 23 1923, 1924 , 1929, 1934, 1936, 1945 , 1947 , 1949 , 1950, 1952, 1956, 1958, 1970, 1977, 1982, 1987, 1988, 1992, 1993, 1994, 1998, 2003 and 2015
Taça Guanabara (edições disputadas como torneio independente do Campeonato Estadual) 1 1965
Copa Rio 2 1992 e 1993
Torneio Início 10 1926, 1929, 1930, 1931, 1932, 1942, 1944, 1945, 1948 e 1958
Taça Guanabara (edições disputadas como turnos do Campeonato Estadual) 10 1976, 1977, 1986, 1987, 1990 , 1992 , 1994 , 1998, 2000 e 2003
Taça Rio (segundo turno do Campeonato Estadual) 9 1984, 1988, 1992 , 1993, 1998, 1999 , 2001 , 2003 e 2004
Turnos do Campeonato Estadual disputados com outros nomes 9 1972, 1973, 1974, 1975, 1977, 1980, 1981, 1988 e 1997
Campeonato Carioca - Série B 1 1922
Campeonatos Cariocas de Aspirantes/Reservas ou Amadores[25][26] 15 1924, 1928, 1937, 1941, 1942, 1943, 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, 1960, 1961, 1964, 1966 e 1967
MUNICIPAIS
Competition Titles Season
Torneio Municipal do Rio de Janeiro 4 1944, 1945 , 1946 e 1947
Torneio Relâmpago do Rio de Janeiro 2 1944 e 1946
Torneio Extra[27] 2 1973 e 1990
ALGUNS DOS TORNEIOS INTERNACIONALS
Competition Títles Seasons
Torneio Luís Aranha 1 1940
Quadrangular Internacional do Rio de Janeiro 1 1953
Troféu IV Centenário da Cidade do Rio de Janeiro 1 1965
Torneio Triangular Internacional do Chile 1 1957
Torneio Internacional de Santiago 1 1953
Troféu Teresa Herrera 1 1957
Troféu Festa de Elche 1 1979
Troféu Colombino 1 1980
Troféu Ramón de Carranza 3 1987 , 1988 e 1989
Troféu Cidade de Barcelona 1 1993
Troféu Cidade de Palma de Mallorca 1 1995
Los Angeles Golden Cup 1 1987
Copa TAP 1 1987
Troféu Bortolotti 1 1997

Statistics

Explanation:
Campeonato Brasileiro Série A
Campeonato Brasileiro Série B

Top scorers

Player
Goals
1. Roberto Dinamite (1970–79), (1980–89), (1990), (1992–93) 702
2. Romário (1985–88), (1999–02), (2005–06), (2007–08) 324
3. Ademir (1942–45), (1948–56) 301
4. Pinga (1953–61) 250
5. Russinho (1924–34) 225
- Ipojucan (1944–54) 225
7. Sabará (1952–64) 165
8. Vavá (1951–64) 150
9. Lelé (1943–48) 147
10. Maneca (1947–55) 137
11. Edmundo (1991–92), (1996–97), (1999–00), (2003–04), (2008) 136
12. Valdir Bigode (1992–94), (2001–03) 135

Most goals in a season

  1. Romário – 70 goals in 2000
  2. Roberto Dinamite – 61 goals in 1981.

Stadium

Vasco da Gama's stadium is Estádio São Januário, inaugurated in 1927, with a maximum capacity of 35.000 people. The National Championship games have a maximum capacity of 15.311 people, for security reasons.[1]

Rivals

Vasco's biggest rivals are from the same city: Fluminense, Botafogo and Flamengo, with the latter being its biggest rival. The games between Vasco and Flamengo ("Millions Derby") are the most watched in Brazil. The matches are usually played in the Maracanã, and reunite two of the biggest crowds of Rio de Janeiro.[28]

Kit evolution

Vasco da Gama's kit evolution.

Vasco da Gama is one of the oldest Brazilian clubs and has had several different kits in its history. Vasco da Gama's first kit, used in rowing, was created in 1898, and was completely black, with a left diagonal sash.

Vasco da Gama's first football kit, created in 1916, was completely black, and was easily identified because of the presence of a white tie and a belt.

In 1929, the club's kit was changed. The tie and the belt were removed. However, the kit remained all-black.

In the 1930s, the home kit's color was changed again. The kit became black with a white right diagonal sash.

In 1945, the kit's color was changed to white, and a black diagonal sash was introduced. The sash was introduced because the club's manager at the time, the Uruguayan Ondino Viera liked the sash used in his previous club's kit, River Plate, of Argentina, and adopted this pattern in Vasco da Gama's away kit. So, both kits had a right diagonal sash.[29]

In 1988, the sash located on the back of the shirt was removed.

In 1998, the kit design was changed again. This kit became very similar to the 1945 one. However, a thin red line was placed around the sash.

Vasco has currently three kits. The home shirt's main color is black, with a white sash. The short and the socks are black. The away kit is similar to the home kit, but the main color is white, the sash is black, and the shorts and socks are white. In 2009–10 the third kit was all white, with a red "cross of the Knights Templar". In 2010, the away kit changes to black in honor to the 1923's team, which gave up playing for having black players, which were not allowed to play with white players at that time. This was one of the most important steps in the club's history, the fight against racism and discrimination. The nowadays third kit brings the symbol of an open hand with "Respect & Equality" in the left chest, and "Democracy and Equality" in the shirt collar.[30]

Since July 2009, after breaking the partnership with Champs,[31] the official jerseys are produced by Penalty.[32]

Logo and flag

The eight stars on the badge and flag signify: 1- South American Championship of Champions: 1948; 2- Copa Libertadores: 1998; 3- Copa Mercosur: 2000; 4- Campeonato Brasileiro Série A: 1974; 5- 1989; 6- 1997; 7- 2000; 8- The Unbeaten Championship of Earth-and-sea of 1945.

Anthems

Vasco's official anthem was composed in 1918, by Joaquim Barros Ferreira da Silva, it was the club's first anthem.[33] There is another official anthem, created in the 1930s, called Meu Pavilhão (meaning My Pavilion), which lyrics were composed by João de Freitas and music by Hernani Correia. This anthem replaced the previous one. The club's most popular anthem, however, is an unofficial anthem composed by Lamartine Babo in 1942.

Supporters

Vasco da Gama is the second most supported football club in Rio de Janeiro, and varies between the third and fifth most supported in Brazil. The club's support is very diverse stretching across social class lines, however the core of most the Vasco da Gama support lies within the working class of the Northern Zone of Rio de Janeiro and Rio outskirt cities like Niterói. Vasco da Gama have significant support in other regions in Brazil notably the Northeastern and North regions as well as stongholds in southern Minas Gerais, Espirito Santo and in Santa Catarina (in South Region). Vasco also have a huge support in Distrito Federal.

Vasco da Gama have many celebrity supporters, including Fátima Bernardes (journalist – TV Globo), Rodrigo Santoro (actor), Eri Johnson (actor), Marcos Palmeira (actor), Juliana Paes (actress), Sérgio Loroza (actor), Paulinho da Viola (singer), Roberto Carlos (singer), Erasmo Carlos (singer), Martinho da Vila (singer), Fernanda Abreu (singer), Viviane Araújo (model), Renata Santos (model), Sergio Cabral Filho (Rio de Janeiro governor), Eduardo Paes (Rio de Janeiro mayor), Nelson Piquet (Formula 1 former champion), amongst others.

Vasco da Gama's Atlético Mineiro, Palmeiras, Grêmio and Bahia. This alliance, having the 25 year friendship of torcidas Força Jovem Vasco, Mancha Verde do Palmeiras and Galoucura do Atlético Mineiro, utilize the code name D.P.A. – Dedos Para o Alto.

  • Torcida Força Jovem Vasco
  • Guerreiros do Almirante
  • Torcida Organizada do Vasco
  • Kamikazes Vascaínos
  • Pequenos Vascaínos
  • Renovascão Vasco Campeão
  • ResenVasco
  • VasBoaVista
  • União Vascaína
  • Ira Jovem Vasco
  • Torcida Expresso da Vitória

Clubs named after Vasco

Due to Vasco's tradition, several clubs are named after it, including Associação Desportiva Vasco da Gama, of Acre state, founded in 1952, Vasco Esporte Clube, of Sergipe state, founded in 1931, Esporte Clube Vasco da Gama, of Americana, São Paulo state, founded in 1958, Vasco Sports Club, which is an Indian football club founded in 1951 and CR Vasco da Gama Football Club, which is a South African football club founded in 1980. Tomazinho Futebol Clube, from São João de Meriti, Rio de Janeiro state, founded in 1930, has a logo strongly inspired by Vasco's logo, and share the same colors.

References

  • Enciclopédia do Futebol Brasileiro, Volume 1 – Lance, Rio de Janeiro: Aretê Editorial S/A, 2001.
  1. ^ a b c "Volta para casa: Eurico confirma jogo contra o Corinthians em São Januário". globoesporte.globo.com (in Português). Retrieved October 22, 2015. 
  2. ^ "Vasco da Gama's official site – The History of CR Vasco da Gama". Archived from the original on January 31, 2009. Retrieved March 26, 2008. 
  3. ^ "Flamengo e Corinthians lideram levantamento de torcidas no país – UOL Esporte". Retrieved March 27, 2008. 
  4. ^ UNZELTE, Celso – O Livro de Ouro do Futebol; page 689 (Editora Ediouro, 2002) – ISBN 85-00-01036-3
  5. ^ História 1898–1923 NetVasco.com
  6. ^ "Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  7. ^ [Book Almanaque do Santos]
  8. ^ Pelé Eterno [Documentary film]. Brazil: Anima Produções Audiovisuais Ltda. https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=HcitzjlbQZw
  9. ^ "oglobo1". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  10. ^ Melhor Jogo da História - Vasco 4x3 Palmeiras. YouTube. October 7, 2006. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  11. ^ a b "Campeonato Brasileiro" (in Português). Retrieved November 13, 2010. 
  12. ^ Vasco da Gama official website (Portuguese) (Italian) (Spanish) (French)
  13. ^ "O Estado de S. Paulo - Acervo Estadão". Acervo. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  14. ^ "Approval for Refereeing Assistance Programme and upper altitude limit for FIFA competitions". FIFA.com. December 15, 2007. Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  15. ^ "BBC - A Sporting Nation - Hibernian reach the first European Cup semi-finals 1956". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  16. ^ "BBC - A Sporting Nation - Hibernian reach the first European Cup semi-finals 1956". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  17. ^ "Hibernian Historical Trust - Football - Hibs History - Hibernian Historical Trust - UK". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  18. ^ "Firsts Section". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  19. ^ Fundação Mário Soares. "Fundação Mário Soares - DRR - Documentos Ruella Ramos - 06337.058.13703". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  20. ^ Fundação Mário Soares. "Fundação Mário Soares - DRR - Documentos Ruella Ramos - 06337.058.13703". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  21. ^ Reconhecido pela Conmebol como antecedente da Copa Libertadores da América. História da Copa Libertadores no site da Conmebol. Acesso em 07/06/2013.
  22. ^ Segundo O Estado de S. Paulo de 18 de agosto de 1993, página 23, o Torneio João Havelange de 1993 foi organizado pela CBF, como comprovado pelo Vasco ter chegado à final após a CBF ter mudado o regulamento do torneio.
  23. ^ RSSSF: Torneio João Havelange 1993
  24. ^ Não confundir com Copa João Havelange de 2000, o Campeonato Brasileiro realizado no ano 2000.
  25. ^ RSSSF: Sobre o Campeonato Carioca de Aspirantes/Reservas
  26. ^ RSSSF: Sobre o Campeonato Carioca de Amadores
  27. ^ RSSSF: Torneio Extra do Rio de Janeiro
  28. ^ "Vasco e Flamengo iniciam a decisão no Rio". Gazeta Esportiva. Retrieved January 31, 2008. 
  29. ^ "Símbolos" (in Português). Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama official website. Archived from the original on April 19, 2008. Retrieved May 19, 2008. 
  30. ^ "Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 
  31. ^ "Vasco rescinde contrato com a Champs" (in Português). GloboEsporte.com. Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  32. ^ "Clube acerta com a Penalty e vai receber R$ 64 milhões em cinco anos" (in Português). GloboEsporte.com. Retrieved December 9, 2009. 
  33. ^ "Club de Regatas Vasco da Gama". Retrieved July 21, 2015. 

External links

  • Official Site
  • Torcida Força Jovem Vasco
  • Unofficial Home Page
  • Vasco da Gama Unofficial Home Page
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.