World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Butler Institute of American Art

Article Id: WHEBN0002697166
Reproduction Date:

Title: Butler Institute of American Art  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Don Gummer, Reginald Case, Harry Shoulberg, Dan Christensen, Huc-Mazelet Luquiens
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia

Butler Institute of American Art

Butler Institute of American Art
Established 1919
Location 524 Wick Avenue, Youngstown, Ohio, 44502
Type American art
Curator Dr. Louis A. Zona

Butler Institute Of American Art
Butler Institute of American Art is located in Ohio
Butler Institute of American Art
Location 524 Wick Ave., Youngstown, Ohio
Area less than one acre
Built 1919
Architect McKim,Mead & White
Architectural style Second Renaissance Revival
Governing body Private
NRHP Reference #


Added to NRHP October 29, 1974

The Butler Institute of American Art,[2] located on Wick Avenue in Youngstown, Ohio, United States, was the first museum dedicated exclusively to American art.[3] Established by local industrialist and philanthropist Joseph G. Butler, Jr., the museum has been operating pro bono since 1919.[4] Dedicated in 1919, the original structure is a McKim, Mead and White architectural masterpiece listed on the National Register of Historic Places .[5]

Among the most celebrated works in the Butler's permanent collection is Winslow Homer's Snap the Whip, a famed tribute to the era of the one-room schoolhouse. Winslow; however, painted two versions of Snap the Whip, with the other version residing in the Metropolitan Museum of Art. The two paintings differ, with the Butler's version of Snap the Whip[6] having mountains in the background, while the Metropolitan's does not. In 2007, the museum acquired the Norman Rockwell painting Lincoln the Railsplitter for $1.6 million. The previous owner of the 84.5 by 44.5 inch painting was businessman and former presidential candidate Ross Perot. Other aspects of the nation's past are captured in a unique collection of paintings featuring southwestern Native Americans, which were once part of Joseph Butler's personal collection.

Additional highlights include an iconic depiction of William Gropper's celebrated Youngstown Strike, an interpretation of the area's violent 1937 Little Steel Strike, and Albert Bierstadt's The Oregon Trail, 1869.

Meanwhile, the gallery of modern art features a striking, life-sized painting by Alfred Leslie titled, Americans: Youngstown, Ohio, which depicts personalities connected with the Butler as they appeared in the 1970s. The museum also holds a significant collection of works by the Abstract Expressionist painter Robert Motherwell.

Butler Institute of American Art's Andrews Pavilion

In recent years, the Butler has expanded significantly. A 19,000-square-foot (1,800 m2) south wing, the Beecher Center, was constructed in conjunction with Youngstown State University in 2000 with a focus of uniting technology and art. Two years later, the 3,400-square-foot (320 m2) Andrews Pavilion, featuring a sculpture atrium, gift shop, and café, was added to the rear of the facility. In 2006, the Butler purchased the neighboring First Christian Church facility and converted it into an education and performing arts center. In October 2007, the museum had its first auction in fifteen years. Pieces of art were donated from around the country and up to 125 art enthusiasts and museum supporters gathered to view and buy the pieces of art. All of the money raised from the auction went to the hiring of scholars to produce an updated catalog of all the pieces of art in the museum and[7] its cost of publication.


  1. ^ "National Register Information System". National Register of Historic Places.  
  2. ^ ART. The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures: New England. 2004. 
  3. ^ "Art Institute Gets Bulk of $1,5000,000 J. G. Butler Estate". The Youngstown Daily Vindicator. December 29, 1927. 
  4. ^ "Summer Refresher". Time. July 28, 1958. 
  5. ^ "Butler Institute of American Art: About". ARTINFO. 2008. Retrieved 2008-07-28. 
  6. ^ ART. The Greenwood Encyclopedia of American Regional Cultures: New England. 2004. 
  7. ^ SCHMITT, ANGIE. "Couple is sold on Butler art auction". Retrieved 28 Sep 2012. 

External links

  • Butler Institute of American Art
This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.

Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.