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AFC Asian Cup

AFC Asian Cup
Founded 1956
Region Asia (AFC)
Number of teams 16
Current champions  Japan
Most successful team(s)  Japan
(4 titles)
2015 AFC Asian Cup

The AFC Asian Cup is an international association football tournament run by the Asian Football Confederation (AFC). It is the second oldest continental football championship in the world after Copa América. The winning team becomes the champion of Asia and automatically qualifies for the FIFA Confederations Cup.

The Asian Cup was held once every four years from the 1956 edition in Hong Kong until the 2004 tournament in Mainland China. However, since the Summer Olympic Games and the European Football Championship were also scheduled in the same year as the Asian Cup, the AFC decided to move their championship to a less crowded cycle. After 2004, the tournament was next held in 2007 when it was co-hosted by four nations: Indonesia, Malaysia, Thailand and Vietnam. Thereafter, it has been held every four years.

The Asian Cup has generally been dominated by a small number of top teams. Initially successful teams included South Korea and Iran. Since 1984 Japan and Saudi Arabia have been the most successful teams, winning 7 of the previous 8 Finals. Other teams which have achieved success at times include Iraq, Israel and Kuwait.

Australia joined the Asian confederation in 2007, and will host the Asian Cup finals in 2015.[1] The 2019 tournament will be expanded from 16 teams to 24 teams, with the qualifying process doubling as part of the qualification for the 2018 FIFA World Cup.[2][3]

Contents

  • Results 1
    • Teams reaching the top four 1.1
    • Results of host nations 1.2
    • Results of defending champions 1.3
  • Awards 2
    • Player of the Tournament 2.1
    • Top scorers 2.2
    • Fair Play Awards 2.3
  • Records and statistics 3
    • Overall top goalscorers 3.1
      • Hat-tricks 3.1.1
    • Most tournaments appeared 3.2
    • AFC Asian Cup winning managers 3.3
    • Score 3.4
    • Attendance 3.5
  • Participating nations 4
  • Debut of teams 5
    • General Statistics 5.1
  • References and footnotes 6
  • External links 7

Results

Year Host Final Third Place Match Number of teams
Champions Score Runners-Up Third Place Score Fourth Place
1956
Details
 Hong Kong
South Korea

Israel

Hong Kong

South Vietnam
4
1960
Details
 South Korea
South Korea

Israel

Republic of China

South Vietnam
4
1964
Details
 Israel
Israel

India

South Korea

Hong Kong
4
1968
Details
 Iran
Iran

Burma

Israel

Republic of China
5
1972
Details
 Thailand
Iran
2–1 aet
South Korea

Thailand
2–2 aet
(5–3) pen

Khmer Republic
6
1976
Details
 Iran
Iran
1–0
Kuwait

China PR
1–0
Iraq
6
1980
Details
 Kuwait
Kuwait
3–0
South Korea

Iran
3–0
North Korea
10
1984
Details
 Singapore
Saudi Arabia
2–0
China PR

Kuwait
1–1
(5–3) pen

Iran
10
1988
Details
 Qatar
Saudi Arabia
0–0 aet
(4–3) pen

South Korea

Iran
3–0
China PR
10
1992
Details
 Japan
Japan
1–0
Saudi Arabia

China PR
1–1
(6–5) pen

United Arab Emirates
8
1996
Details
 UAE
Saudi Arabia
0–0 aet
(4–2) pen

United Arab Emirates

Iran
1–1
(3–2) pen

Kuwait
12
2000
Details
 Lebanon
Japan
1–0
Saudi Arabia

South Korea
1–0
China PR
12
2004
Details
 China
Japan
3–1
China PR

Iran
4–2
Bahrain
16
2007
Details
 Indonesia
 Malaysia
 Thailand
 Vietnam

Iraq
1–0
Saudi Arabia

South Korea
0–0 aet
(6–5) pen

Japan
16
2011
Details
 Qatar
Japan
1–0 aet
Australia

South Korea
3–2
Uzbekistan
16
  1. ^ Round-robin tournament.

Teams reaching the top four

Team Winners Runners-up Third-place Fourth-place
 Japan 4 (1992*, 2000, 2011) 1 (2004) 1 (2007)
 Saudi Arabia 3 (1984, 1988, 1996) 3 (1992, 2000, 2007)
 Iran 3 (1968*, 1972, 1976*) 4 (1980, 1988, 1996, 2004) 1 (1984)
 South Korea 2 (1956, 1960*) 3 (1972, 1980, 1988) 4 (1964,2000, 2007, 2011)
 Israel1 1 (1964*) 2 (1956, 1960) 1 (1968)
 Kuwait 1 (1980*) 1 (1976) 1 (1984) 1 (1996)
 Iraq 1 (2007) 1 (1976)
 China PR - 2 (1984, 2004) 2 (1976, 1992) 2 (1988, 2000)
 United Arab Emirates 1 (1996*) 1 (1992)
 India 1 (1964)
 Myanmar 1 (1968)
 Australia - 1 (2011)
 Hong Kong 1 (1956*) 1 (1964)
 Taiwan 1 (1960) 1 (1968)
 Thailand 1 (1972*)
 South Vietnam 2 (1956, 1960)
 Cambodia 1 (1972)
 North Korea 1 (1980)
 Bahrain 1 (2004)
 Uzbekistan 1 (2011)
* hosts
1 Israel was expelled from the AFC in the early 1970s and eventually became a member of UEFA.[4]

Results of host nations

Year Host nation Finish
1956  Hong Kong Third Place
1960  South Korea Champions
1964  Israel Champions
1968  Iran Champions
1972  Thailand Third Place
1976  Iran Champions
1980  Kuwait Champions
1984  Singapore Group Stage
1988  Qatar Group Stage
1992  Japan Champions
1996  United Arab Emirates Runners-up
2000  Lebanon Group Stage
2004  China PR Runners-up
2007  Vietnam Quarter-Final
 Indonesia Group Stage
 Thailand Group Stage
 Malaysia Group Stage
2011  Qatar Quarter-Final
2015  Australia TBD

Results of defending champions

Year Defending champions Finish
1960  South Korea Champions
1964  South Korea Third Place
1968  Israel Third Place
1972  Iran Champions
1976  Iran Champions
1980  Iran Third Place
1984  Kuwait Third Place
1988  Saudi Arabia Champions
1992  Saudi Arabia Runners-up
1996  Japan Quarter-Final
2000  Saudi Arabia Runners-up
2004  Japan Champions
2007  Japan Fourth Place
2011  Iraq Quarter-Final
2015  Japan TBD

Awards

Player of the Tournament

Year Player
1972 Ebrahim Ashtiani
1976 Ali Parvin
1980 No Award
1984 Jia Xiuquan
1988 Kim Joo-Sung
1992 Kazuyoshi Miura
1996 Khodadad Azizi
2000 Hiroshi Nanami
2004 Shunsuke Nakamura
2007 Younis Mahmoud
2011 Keisuke Honda

Top scorers

Year Player Goals
1956 Nahum Stelmach 4
1960 Cho Yoon-Ok 4
1964 Inder Singh
Mordechai Spiegler
2
1968 Homayoun Behzadi
Moshe Romano
Giora Spiegel
4
1972 Hossein Kalani 5
1976 Gholam Hossein Mazloumi
Nasser Nouraei
Fatehi Kamil
3
1980 Behtash Fariba
Choi Soon-Ho
7
1984 Jia Xiuquan
Shahrokh Bayani
Nasser Mohammadkhani
3
1988 Lee Tae-Ho 3
1992 Fahad Al-Bishi 3
1996 Ali Daei 8
2000 Lee Dong-Gook 6
2004 A'ala Hubail
Ali Karimi
5
2007 Younis Mahmoud
Naohiro Takahara
Yasser Al-Qahtani
4
2011 Koo Ja-Cheol 5

Fair Play Awards

Year Nations
1984  China PR
1996  Iran
2000  Saudi Arabia
2004  China PR
2007  Japan
2011  South Korea

Records and statistics

Overall top goalscorers

Goals Scorers
14 Ali Daei
10 Lee Dong-Gook
9 Naohiro Takahara
8 Jassem Al-Houwaidi
7 Behtash Fariba, Hossein Kalani, Choi Soon-Ho, Faisal Al-Dakhil
6 Younis Mahmoud, Yasser Al-Qahtani, Alexander Geynrikh
5 A'ala Hubail, Ismael Abdullatif, Ali Karimi, Ali Jabbari, Akinori Nishizawa, Woo Sang-Kwon, Hwang Sun-Hong, Koo Ja-Cheol, Nahum Stelmach, Shao Jiayi

Hat-tricks

A hat-trick is achieved when the same player scores three or more goals in one match. Listed in chronological order.

Sequence
Player No. of
goals
Time of goals Representing Final
score
Opponent Tournament Round
1. Kalani, HosseinHossein Kalani 3 34', 70', 78'  Iran 3–0  Iraq 1972 Group stage
2. Jabbari, AliAli Jabbari 3 80', 86', 88'  Iran 3–2  Thailand 1972 Group stage
3. Mazloumi, Gholam HosseinGholam Hossein Mazloumi 3 63', 74', 80'  Iran 8–0  South Yemen 1976 Group stage
4. Fariba, BehtashBehtash Fariba 4 11', 34', 80', 82'  Iran 7–0  Bangladesh 1980 Group stage
5. Soon-Ho, ChoiChoi Soon-Ho 3 26', 53', 78'(P)  South Korea 4–1  United Arab Emirates 1980 Group stage
6. Xiangfu, ShenShen Xiangfu 3  China PR 6–0  Bangladesh 1980 Group stage
7. Yonglai, XuXu Yonglai 3  China PR 6–0  Bangladesh 1980 Group stage
8. Daei, AliAli Daei 4 66', 76', 83', 89'(P)  Iran 6–2  South Korea 1996 Quarter-finals
9. Nishizawa, AkinoriAkinori Nishizawa 3 14', 25', 49'  Japan 8–1  Uzbekistan 2000 Group stage
10. Takahara, NaohiroNaohiro Takahara 3 18', 20', 57'  Japan 8–1  Uzbekistan 2000 Group stage
11. Dong-Gook, LeeLee Dong-Gook 3 30', 76', 90+1'  South Korea 3–0  Indonesia 2000 Group stage
12. Al-Shalhoub, MohammadMohammad Al-Shalhoub 3 35', 78', 86'  Saudi Arabia 5–0  Uzbekistan 2000 Group stage
13. Karimi, AliAli Karimi 3 10', 20', 77'  Iran 4–3  South Korea 2004 Quarter-finals
14. Abdullatif, IsmaeelIsmaeel Abdullatif 4 16', 19', 35', 77'  Bahrain 5–2  India 2011 Group stage
15. Okazaki, ShinjiShinji Okazaki 3 8', 13', 80'  Japan 5–0  Saudi Arabia 2011 Group stage

Most tournaments appeared

The tabulated below is the players who had appeared more than three times in the history of tournament

Played Name Tournaments
4 Mehdi Mahdavikia 1996, 2000, 2004, 2007
4 Li Ming 1992, 1996, 2000, 2004
4 Adnan Al-Talyani 1984, 1988, 1992, 1996

AFC Asian Cup winning managers

Year Head coach Champions
1956 Lee Yoo-Hyung  South Korea
1960 Wui Hye-deok  South Korea
1964 Yosef Merimovich  Israel
1968 Mahmoud Bayati  Iran
1972 Mohammad Ranjbar  Iran
1976 Heshmat Mohajerani  Iran
1980 Carlos Alberto Parreira  Kuwait
1984 Khalil Al-Zayani  Saudi Arabia
1988 Carlos Alberto Parreira  Saudi Arabia
1992 Hans Ooft  Japan
1996 Nelo Vingada  Saudi Arabia
2000 Philippe Troussier  Japan
2004 Zico  Japan
2007 Jorvan Vieira  Iraq
2011 Alberto Zaccheroni  Japan

Score

Attendance

Year Host nation Mpd Total Att. Avg Att.
1992  Japan 16 316,496 19,781
1996  United Arab Emirates 26 398,008 15,308
2000  Lebanon 26 230,490 8,865
2004  China PR 32 1,020,050 31,877
2007  Vietnam
 Indonesia
 Thailand
 Malaysia
32 724,222 22,632
2011  Qatar 32 405,361 12,668

Participating nations

Team
1956

1960

1964

1968

1972

1976

1980

1984

1988

1992

1996

2000

2004




2007

2011

2015
Years
 Australia QF 2nd q 3
 Bahrain GS 4th GS GS q 5
 Bangladesh GS 1
 Cambodia 4th 1
 China PR 3rd GS 2nd 4th 3rd QF 4th 2nd GS GS q 11
 Chinese Taipei 3rd 4th 2
 Hong Kong 3rd 4th 5th 3
 India 2nd GS GS 3
 Indonesia GS GS GS GS 4
 Iran 1st 1st 1st 3rd 4th 3rd GS 3rd QF 3rd QF QF q 13
 Iraq GS 4th QF QF QF 1st QF q 8
 Israel 2nd 2nd 1st 3rd 4
 Japan GS 1st QF 1st 1st 4th 1st q 8
 Jordan QF QF q 3
 Kuwait GS 2nd 1st 3rd GS 4th QF GS GS q 10
 Lebanon GS 1
 Malaysia GS GS GS 3
 Myanmar 2nd 1
 North Korea 4th GS GS q 4
 Oman GS GS q 3
 Palestine q 1
 Qatar GS GS GS GS QF GS GS QF q 9
 Saudi Arabia 1st 1st 2nd 1st 2nd GS 2nd GS q 9
 Singapore GS 1
 South Korea 1st 1st 3rd 2nd 2nd GS 2nd QF 3rd QF 3rd 3rd q 13
 South Vietnam 4th 4th 2
 South Yemen GS 1
 Syria GS GS GS GS GS 5
 Thailand 3rd GS GS GS GS GS 6
 Turkmenistan GS 1
 United Arab Emirates GS GS GS 4th 2nd GS GS GS q 9
 Uzbekistan GS GS QF QF 4th q 6
 Vietnam QF 1
Total 4 4 4 5 6 6 10 10 10 8 12 12 16 16 16 16
Legend
  • 1st – Champions
  • 2nd – Runners-up
  • 3rd – Third place
  • 4th – Fourth place
  • QF – Quarter Finals
  • GS – Group stage
  • q – Qualified
  •     — Hosts
Map of best results

Debut of teams

Year Debutants Total
1956  South Korea
 Hong Kong
 South Vietnam
 Israel
4
1960  Chinese Taipei 1
1964  India 1
1968  Iran
 Myanmar
2
1972  Cambodia
 Iraq
 Kuwait
 Thailand
4
1976  South Yemen
 China PR
3
1980  Bangladesh
 Malaysia
 North Korea
 Qatar
 Syria
 United Arab Emirates
6
1984  Saudi Arabia
 Singapore
2
1988  Bahrain
 Japan
2
1992 None 0
1996  Indonesia
 Uzbekistan
2
2000  Lebanon 1
2004  Jordan
 Oman
 Turkmenistan
3
2007  Australia
 Vietnam
2
2011 None 0
2015  Palestine 1

General Statistics

Team Part Pld W D L GF GA Dif Pts Avg GF Avg GA Avg Pts
 Iran 12 58 34 17 7 112 42 +70 119 9.33 3.41 9.92
 South Korea 12 56 27 16 13 92 60 +32 97 7.66 5.00 8.08
 Japan 7 37 21 11 5 72 37 +35 74 10.28 5.28 10.57
 Saudi Arabia 8 41 18 13 10 58 40 +18 67 7.25 5.00 8.37
 China PR 10 47 17 13 17 76 54 +22 64 7.60 5.40 6.40
 Kuwait 9 39 15 10 14 46 45 +1 55 5.11 5.00 6.11
 Iraq 7 29 11 6 12 30 33 -3 39 4.28 4.71 5.57
 United Arab Emirates 8 32 9 8 15 23 43 -20 35 2.87 5.37 4.37
 Uzbekistan 5 20 9 3 8 30 39 -9 30 6.00 7.80 6.00
 Qatar 8 29 6 11 12 31 39 -8 29 3.87 4.87 3.62
 Israel 4 13 9 0 4 28 15 +13 27 7.00 3.75 6.75
 Syria 5 18 7 2 9 15 23 -8 23 3.00 4.60 4.60
 Australia 2 10 5 3 2 20 7 +13 18 10.00 3.50 9.00
 Bahrain 4 16 3 5 8 23 29 -6 14 5.75 7.25 3.50
 Jordan 2 8 3 4 1 8 5 +3 13 3.00 3.00 6.50
 North Korea 3 12 3 2 7 12 19 -7 11 4.00 6.33 3.66
 Thailand 6 20 1 8 11 15 45 -30 11 2.50 7.50 1.83
 Indonesia 4 12 2 2 8 10 28 -18 8 2.50 7.00 2.00
 Myanmar 1 4 2 1 1 5 4 +1 7 5.00 4.00 7.00
 India 3 10 2 1 7 8 23 -15 7 2.66 7.66 2.33
 Oman 2 6 1 3 2 5 6 -1 6 2.50 3.00 3.00
 Malaysia 3 9 1 3 5 7 20 -13 6 2.33 6.67 2.00
 Chinese Taipei 2 7 1 2 4 5 12 -7 5 2.50 6.00 2.50
 Singapore 1 4 1 1 2 3 4 -1 4 3.00 4.00 4.00
 Vietnam 1 4 1 1 2 4 7 -3 4 4.00 7.00 4.00
 Cambodia 1 5 1 1 3 8 10 -2 4 8.00 10.00 4.00
 Hong Kong 3 10 0 3 7 9 23 -14 3 3.00 7.67 1.00
 Lebanon 1 3 0 2 1 3 7 -4 2 3.00 7.00 2.00
 Turkmenistan 1 3 0 1 2 4 6 -2 1 4.00 6.00 1.00
 South Vietnam 2 6 0 1 5 8 21 -13 1 4.00 10.50 0.50
 South Yemen 1 2 0 0 2 0 9 -9 0 0.00 9.00 0.00
 Bangladesh 1 4 0 0 4 2 17 -15 0 2.00 17.00 0.00
  • Iran holds most Asian Cup statistical records : most games played (58 followed by South Korea,56), most games won (34, followed by South Korea, 27), most goals scored (112, followed by South Korea, 92), best goal difference (+70, followed by Japan, +35). Japan holds records of most Asian Cup titles (4),Iran shares records most Asian Cup final competition participation (12) with South Korea.South Korea holds records of most semi final appearance (9) followed by Iran (8),while Saudi Arabia holds record of finals played (6 followed by South Korea 5, Japan 4 and Iran 3).

Unlike other confederation tournaments, the Asian Cup has often been rescheduled to another time of year to better suit the climate of the host nation.

References and footnotes

  1. ^ Australia competed in their first Asian Cup
  2. ^ "Revamp of AFC competitions". AFC. 25 January 2014. 
  3. ^ "AFC Asian Cup changes set for 2019". AFC Asian Cup. 26 January 2014. 
  4. ^ "About the IFA". The Israel Football Association. Retrieved 27 July 2014. 

External links

  • AFC Asian Cup Official Website
  • AFC Asian Cup, AFC.com
  • RSSSF archive
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