World Library  
Flag as Inappropriate
Email this Article

Mscramm

Article Id: WHEBN0010081505
Reproduction Date:

Title: Mscramm  
Author: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Language: English
Subject: Coagulase, Tefibazumab, Fibronectin binding protein A
Collection:
Publisher: World Heritage Encyclopedia
Publication
Date:
 

Mscramm

MSCRAMM (acronym for "microbial surface components recognizing adhesive matrix molecules") adhesin proteins mediate the initial attachment of bacteria to host tissue, providing a critical step to establish infection.

Examples include protein A, clumping factor A (ClfA), fibronectin binding protein A (FnbpA) from Staphylococcus aureus, SdrG from Staphylococcus epidermidis, M protein from Streptococcus pyogenes, and protein G in other Streptococcus species. All of these MSCRAMMs bind to fibrinogen except protein A, that binds IgG, but also other targets for MSCRAMMs are known, such as fibronectin. Protein M binds to the Fc region of certain antibodies.

The MSCRAMMs have mainly been studied in Gram positive pathogens and are promising drug targets.

The monoclonal antibody tefibazumab targets ClfA and has been tested in a phase II trial.

Staphylococcus aureus An example for MSCRAMMs is S. aureus. On its surface, protein A is expressed, which binds to the Fc region of IgG antibodies (the default antibody type, dealing with bacterial and viral infections). This has an antiphagocytic effect, i.e. macrophages cannot "see" these bacteria as easily as if they were correctly opsonised by antigen. Also, S. aureus expresses fibronectin-binding proteins, which promote binding to mucosal cells and tissue matrices. This protein is also referred to as clumping factor.

This article was sourced from Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License; additional terms may apply. World Heritage Encyclopedia content is assembled from numerous content providers, Open Access Publishing, and in compliance with The Fair Access to Science and Technology Research Act (FASTR), Wikimedia Foundation, Inc., Public Library of Science, The Encyclopedia of Life, Open Book Publishers (OBP), PubMed, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Center for Biotechnology Information, U.S. National Library of Medicine, National Institutes of Health (NIH), U.S. Department of Health & Human Services, and USA.gov, which sources content from all federal, state, local, tribal, and territorial government publication portals (.gov, .mil, .edu). Funding for USA.gov and content contributors is made possible from the U.S. Congress, E-Government Act of 2002.
 
Crowd sourced content that is contributed to World Heritage Encyclopedia is peer reviewed and edited by our editorial staff to ensure quality scholarly research articles.
 
By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. World Heritage Encyclopedia™ is a registered trademark of the World Public Library Association, a non-profit organization.
 



Copyright © World Library Foundation. All rights reserved. eBooks from World Library are sponsored by the World Library Foundation,
a 501c(4) Member's Support Non-Profit Organization, and is NOT affiliated with any governmental agency or department.