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Ancient settlements in Turkey

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Ancient settlements in Turkey

Below is the list of ancient settlements in Turkey. There are innumerable ruins of ancient settlements spread all over the country. While some ruins date back to Neolithic times, most of them were settlements of Hittites, Phrygians, Lydians, Ionians, Urartians etc.

List of settlements

In the table below, only the settlements which have articles in this encyclopaedia are shown, with the exception of the following:

  • A few ancient settlements are still in use (Adana, Amasya, Ankara, İstanbul, Tarsus etc.) These settlements are not included in the list unless separate articles for the ancient sites exist.
  • Some ancient settlements which were well documented are known by name, but so far they have not been unearthed and their exact locations are obscure.( For example; Washukanni, the capital of Mittani.)
Name of the settlement Province Notes
Aegospotami Çanakkale
Aigai Manisa
Aizanoi Kütahya
Alabanda Aydın
Alacahöyük Çorum
Alalakh Hatay
Alexandria Troas Çanakkale
Alinda Aydın
Alişar Hüyük Yozgat
Allianoi İzmir
Altıntepe Erzincan
Amorium Afyon
Amyzon Aydın
Anazarbus Adana
Ani Kars
Antigonia Hatay
Antioch Hatay
Antioch on the Maeander Aydın
Antioch, Pisidia Isparta
Antiochia ad Taurum Gaziantep
Antiochia Lamotis Mersin
Antiochia ad Cragum Antalya
Antiochia ad Pyramum Adana
Antiochia, Şanlıurfa Şanlıurfa
Apamea on Euphrates Şanlıurfa
Apamea, Phrygia Afyon
Apamea Myrlea Bursa
Aphrodisias Aydın
Aphrodisias of Cilicia Mersin
Apollonia İzmir
Apollonia ad Rhyndacum Bursa
Apros Tekirdağ
Ariassos Antalya
Arsinoe Mersin
Arycanda Antalya
Aspendos Antalya
Assos Çanakkale
Atarneus İzmir
Beycesultan Denizli
Binbirkilise Karaman
Carchemish Gaziantep Capital of Neo Hittite confederation
Cardia Çanakkale
Caryanda Muğla
Çatalhöyük Konya
Çayönü Diyarbakır
Cebrene Çanakkale
Celaenae Afyon
Ceramus Muğla
Chalcedon İstanbul
Charax Yalova
Cius (modern town Gemlik) Bursa
Colophon İzmir
Comana Adana Capital of Kizzuwatna
Comana Pontica Tokat
Corycus Mersin
Cremna Burdur
Cyme İzmir
Cyrrus Kilis
Cyzicus Balıkesir
Dara Mardin
Derbe Konya
Didyma Aydın
Docimium Afyon
Domuztepe Kahramanmaraş
Dorylaeum Eskişehir
Drusipara Kırklareli
Edessa Şanlıurfa
Elaiussa Sebaste Mersin
Emirzeli Mersin
Ephesus[1] İzmir was home to the ancient wonder Temple of Artemis at Ephesus
Epiphania Mersin
Erythrae İzmir
Euchaita Çorum
Euromus Muğla
Faustinopolis Niğde
Gambrion İzmir
Germanicopolis Bursa
Gordium Ankara Capital of Phrygia
Göbeklitepe Şanlıurfa
Gözlükule (modern city Tarsus) Mersin
Gryneion İzmir
Hacilar Burdur
Halicarnassus (modern town Bodrum) Muğla was home to the ancient wonder Mausoleum of Halicarnassus
Harran Şanlıurfa
Hattusa Çorum Capital of Hittite Empire
Heraclea Cybistra Konya
Hierapolis Denizli
Hüseyindede Tepe Çorum
Iasos Muğla
Ibora Tokat
Irenopolis Karaman (?)
Issus Hatay
Kalehöyük Kırşehir
Kandyba Antalya
Kanesh (Kültepe) Kayseri
Karatepe Osmaniye
Kaunos Muğla
Kayaköy Muğla
Kerkenes Yozgat
Kibyra Burdur
Lamponeia Çanakkale
Kirshu (Meydancık Castle) Mersin
Klazomenai İzmir
Knidos Konya
Küstülü-Üçayak Mersin
Labraunda Muğla
Laodicea Combusta Konya
Laodicea on the Lycus Denizli
Laodicea Pontica Samsun
Latmus Aydın
Lebedus İzmir
Limantepe İzmir
Lysimachia Çanakkale
Magnesia on the Maeander Aydın
Mallus Adana
Melid Malatya
Mamure Castle Mersin
Marpessos Çanakkale
Metropolis İzmir
Mezgitkale Mersin
Miletus Aydın Leading city of Ionian League
Mokissos Kırşehir
Mopsuestia Adana
Myndus Muğla
Myra (modern town Demre) Antalya
Myriandrus Hatay
Myus Aydın
Neandreia Çanakkale
Nevalı Çori Şanlıurfa
Nicomedia (modern city İzmit) Kocaeli Capital of Bithynia
Nicopolis Sivas
Niksar Tokat
Notion Aydın
Nysa Aydın
Nyssa Aksaray
Oenoanda Muğla
Olba Mersin
Orestias Edirne
Patara Antalya
Pepuza Uşak
Perga Antalya
Pergamon İzmir
Perperene İzmir
Pessinus Eskişehir
Phaselis Antalya
Phocaea İzmir
Pinara Muğla
Pitane İzmir
Pompeiopolis Kastamonu
Priene Aydın
Purushanda Aksaray
Rhosus Hatay
Sagalassos Antalya
Sakçagözü Gaziantep
Samal Gaziantep
Samosata Adıyaman Capital of Commagene
Sapinuwa Çorum
Sardis Manisa Capital of Lydia
Seleucia (Pamphylia) Antalya
Seleucia Pieria Hatay
Seleucia Sidera Isparta
Selge Antalya
Sestos Çanakkale
Side Antalya
Sigeion Çanakkale
Sillyon Antalya
Skepsis Çanakkale
Smyrna İzmir
Soli Mersin
Stratonicea Manisa
Stratonicea Muğla
Sultantepe Şanlıurfa
Tapureli Mersin
Tavium Yozgat
Tell Tayinat Hatay
Telmessos (modern town Fethiye) Muğla
Temnos İzmir
Teos İzmir
Termessos Antalya
Tille Adıyaman
Tlos Antalya
Tokmar Castle Mersin
Tripolis Giresun
Troy (Hisarlik)[2] Çanakkale Capital of Wilusa
Tushhan Diyarbakır
Tushpa Van Capital of Urartu
Tyana Niğde
Tymion Uşak
Xanthos Antalya
Yazılıkaya[3] Çorum
Yeniyurt Castle Mersin
Yumuktepe (modern city Mersin) Mersin
Zaliches Samsun
Zeugma Gaziantep

See also


Notes

  1. ^ House of the Virgin Mary is believed to be near the settlement (Mt. Koressos (Turkish: Bülbüldağı))
  2. ^ Troy of Homer
  3. ^ There are two settlements named Yazılıkaya. The other one (also called Midas city) is in Eskişehir Province.

External links

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