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2008 Abkhazia bombings


2008 Abkhazia bombings

2008 Abkhazia bombings
Location railway outside Sukhumi,
Inguri River border crossing,
Date June 18, 29 , 30 , July 2, 6 2008
Attack type
Deaths 4
Non-fatal injuries
Perpetrators Unknown
Suspected perpetrators
Georgian Security Service
Abkhazian criminal groups

In June and July 2008 a series of bombings took place in Abkhazia, killing 4 and injuring 18 people.


  • The bombings 1
    • June 18 Sukhumi railway bombings 1.1
    • June 29 Gagra bombings 1.2
    • June 30 Sukhumi bombings 1.3
    • July 2 Inguri river border crossing bombing 1.4
    • July 6 Gali bombing 1.5
  • Aftermath 2
  • Reactions 3
    • Abkhazia 3.1
    • Georgia 3.2
    • Russian peacekeepers 3.3
    • Independent observers 3.4
    • Georgian call for an international police force 3.5
  • References 4

The bombings

June 18 Sukhumi railway bombings

On June 18, two bombs exploded within 5 minutes of each other on the railway tracks outside Sukhumi. No one was injured as a result, though the tracks sustained minor damage.[1]

June 29 Gagra bombings

On June 29, two bombs exploded within 5 minutes of each other in the centre of Gagra, injuring 6. The first explosion happened close to Gagra's market, the second explosion took place near a supermarket.[2] One 38 year old woman received shrapnel wounds to her eye and had to be treated in a Sochi hospital. One other woman had to be taken to Gagra hospital with shrapnel wounds.[3]

June 30 Sukhumi bombings

On June 30, two bombs exploded within 5 minutes of each other in the centre of Sukhumi, injuring 6. Both explosions happened close to Sukhumi's market. According to Abkhazian law enforcement officers, the explosive devices did not contain shrapnel-generating objects, suggesting that the aim of the explosions was terrorising the population.[4] Four of the six injured had to be taken to the Sukhumi City Clinical Hospital.[5]

July 2 Inguri river border crossing bombing

On July 2, an unidentified vehicle passed the Georgian interior ministry post and approached Russian peacekeepers' post 301. At approximately 300 meter distance, an object was thrown out of the car which subsequently exploded. The vehicle then turned and drove back unhindered past the Georgian interior ministry post. No one was injured as a result of the explosion.[6]

July 6 Gali bombing

On July 6, at 10.58 pm, a bomb exploded in a cafe in Iveta Toria, local resident. The six injured were taken to hospitals in Gali and Sukhumi.[7][8][9]


In response to the June 29 and 30 bombings, Abkhazia closed its border with Georgia on July 1.[10] Residents of the

  1. ^ a b "Two Blasts Reported on Abkhaz Railway".  
  2. ^ "Six Injured in Abkhaz Blasts".  
  3. ^ "Администрация Гагрского района выделит материальную помощь пострадавшим во время взрыва 29 июня". Администрация Президента Республики Абхазия. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  4. ^ "Reports: Sokhumi Blast Injures Six".  
  5. ^ "Состояние раненых в результате взрыва 30 июня в районе Сухумского рынка - удовлетворительное". Администрация Президента Республики Абхазия. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  6. ^ a b "Blast Close to Russian Peacekeeper Post".  
  7. ^ a b c "Four Die in Gali Blast".  
  8. ^ "4 человека погибли в результате взрыва в центре города Гал". Администрация Президента Республики Абхазия. 2008-07-07. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 
  9. ^ "Вице-президент Рауль Хаджимба призвал население Абхазии быть бдительными". Администрация Президента Республики Абхазия. 2008-07-07. Retrieved 2008-07-08. 
  10. ^ "Sokhumi Closes Border".  
  11. ^ "Ситуация в приграничном Гальском районе - стабильная". Администрация Президента Республики Абхазия. 2008-07-02. Retrieved 2008-07-04. 
  12. ^ a b c d "Abkhazia Blasts Scare Tourists".  
  13. ^ a b "Four Blasts in Two Days Slightly Injure 12 in Abkhazia".  
  14. ^ a b "Tbilisi Calls for Joint Police Force in Gali, Ochamchire".  
  15. ^ "U.S. Calls for International Police Force in Abkhazia".  
  16. ^ "Sokhumi Rules Out International Police Force".  


In its statement made on July 7 after the Gali bombing, the Georgian government renewed its call for an international police force in the Gali and Ochamchira districts.[14] This call found support with the United States Department of State,[15] but was immediately rejected by the Abkhazian side.[16]

Georgian call for an international police force

At the same time, Zakareishvili considered the Abkhazian decision to close their border with Georgia unwise, because it would only serve to alienate the Gali district population.[12]

"This aim was basically achieved. I think that the tourist season in Abkhazia has been wrecked. I don’t subscribe to the theory that it was some kind of business feud. If one businessman blows up another’s business, his own business also suffers, because the tourist season is the main source of revenue there."

In response to the Gagra bombings, Tbilisi based political analyst Paata Zakareishvili stated that she thought it unlikely that they were the result of a struggle between criminal groups. According to Zakareishvili it is plausible that the bombings were aimed to disrupt the tourist season:

Independent observers

“The actions of the Georgian secret services are of a provocative nature, which aim at destabilizing the situation in the southern part of the Georgian-Abkhaz conflict zone and also at provoking the peacekeepers,” [6]

In reaction to the July 2 bombing near the Russian peacekeepers' post, Aleksander Diordiev, aide to the commander of the peacekeeping troops, accused the Georgian side, saying:

Russian peacekeepers

“Those acts of violence are in the interests of forces hoping to prolong the presence of illegally deployed Russian military forces in Georgia; of forces resisting demilitarization and peace in the region and of those who want to derail Georgia’s European and Euro-Atlantic aspirations.”[14]

On July 7, the Georgian government released a statement in which it condemned the bombings and said:

[13][12][7] The Georgian side has vehemently denied the Abkhazian accusations, with Defence Minister


In response to the July 6 Gali bombing, Predident Bagapsh accused Georgia of having chosen the way of state terrorism.[7]

“I believe the person who ordered these terrorist acts paid well for them and we should look for this person in the security services of Georgia. When Tbilisi pretends to be insulted that the Abkhaz should falsely accuse it, it’s just a game.”[12]

to the Gali district: Sergei Bagapsh, special representative of Abkhazian president Ruslan Kishmaria According to [13] The June 29 and 30 bombings were likewise described as terrorist attacks, perpetrated with the aim of destroying the tourism season in Abkhazia.[1] It described the June 18 bombings as a terrorist attack against the Russian Railway Forces in Abkhazia, who had recently started repairing the Sukhumi-[12] The Abkhazian side accused Georgia of being behind all 7 bombings.




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