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Republic of Upper Volta

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Title: Republic of Upper Volta  
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Subject: Burkina Faso at the Olympics, 1978 African Cup of Nations squads, Military of Burkina Faso, 2011 Burkinabé protests, Burkina Faso at the 2012 Summer Olympics
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Republic of Upper Volta

Republic of Upper Volta
République de Haute-Volta

Flag Coat of arms
"Unité – Travail – Justice" (French)
"Unity – Work – Justice"
Hymne Nationale Voltaïque
Capital Ouagadougou
Languages French
Government Republic
 -  1959–1966 Maurice Yaméogo
 -  1983–1984 Thomas Sankara
High Commissioner
 -  1958–1959 Max Berthet
 -  1959–1960 Paul Masson
Prime Minister
 -  1971–1974 Gérard Kango Ouedraogo
 -  1983 Thomas Sankara
Historical era Cold War
 -  Self-governing colony December 11, 1958
 -  Independence August 5, 1960
 -  Renamed August 4, 1984
Currency CFA franc
Map showing the Volta River in Upper Volta.
Part of a series on the
Burkina Faso
Emblem of Burkina Faso
Bura /
Prehistoric /
c. 3rd–13th century
Mossi Kingdoms 11th? century – 1896
French Upper Volta
Republic 1958–1984
Burkina Faso
Agacher Strip War 1985
Burkinabè protests 2011
Burkinabè revolution 2014
Burkina Faso portal

The Republic of Upper Volta (French: République de Haute-Volta) was a landlocked west-African country established on December 11, 1958, as a self-governing colony within the French Community. Before attaining autonomy it had been French Upper Volta and part of the French Union. On August 5, 1960, it attained full independence from France.

Thomas Sankara came to power through a military coup d'état on August 4, 1983. After the coup, he formed the National Council for the Revolution (CNR), with himself as president. Under the direction of Sankara, the country changed its name on August 4, 1984, from the Upper Volta to Burkina Faso, which means "Land of Incorruptible People".[1]

The name Upper Volta indicated that the country contains the upper part of the Volta River. The river is divided into three parts—the Black Volta, White Volta, and Red Volta, which form the colors of the national flag corresponding to parts of the river.

See also


  1. ^ "More (Language of the Mossi Tribe) Phrase Book".  

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